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elastic bending

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Table 2 Minimum practical inside radii for the cold draw bending of annealed steel or copper round tubing to 180° Tubing outside diameter Minimum practical inside radius (a) Grooved bending tools Cylindrical bending block without mandrel; ratio, <30 (b) (poor conditions) With...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... observed natural frequency ( Ref 10 ). The beam-bending method is well suited for the determination of elastic and some plastic properties of freestanding films. The principal drawback to this technique is the inherent difficulty of specimen preparation. Indentation testing of thin films resembles in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... double-beam specimen Three-point bend specimen tests are commonly used because of the ease of load application and the ability to use the same loading rigs for different stresses. The load is applied by turning a bolt in the rig, deflecting the specimen. The elastic stress at the midpoint of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic and plastic deformation. However, in highly textured materials that deform by twinning, as opposed to dislocation slip, compressive and tensile deformation characteristics differ widely. Bend tests are conducted to determine the ductility or strength of a material. Bend tests for ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tests, such as the tension test, ring compression test, plane-strain compression test, bend test, indentation test, and forgeability test. It concludes with information on the role of the finite-element modeling software used in workability analysis. bend test bulk forming processes cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and strains For pure plastic bending, in which elastic deformation can be ignored, the maximum tensile fiber strain is: (Eq 17) ε 0 = ln R o R i where R o is the radius of curvature on the outer (tensile) surface, and R i is the radius of curvature on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... compression, bending, torsion). Finally, the factors influencing the appearance of a fracture surface and various imperfections or stress raisers are described, followed by a root-cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of these fractography concepts. brittle fracture crack nucleation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides information on the classification, microstructure, castability and section sensitivity of gray iron. It describes properties of the test bar and provides a short note on fatigue limit in reversed bending. Although the ASTM size B test bar is the bar most commonly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 80% of the monotonic bending yield stress; solid symbols represent initial stress 50% of the bending yield stress. This alloy has adequate resistance to stress relaxation at temperatures up to 120 °C (250 °F), provided the initial stress is below the elastic limit. Fig. 6 Anisotropic stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... another component. Distortion failures can be either plastic or elastic, and may or may not be accompanied by fracture. Two main types of distortion are size distortion, which refers to a change in volume (growth or shrinkage); and shape distortion (bending or warping), which refers to a change in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Magnesium and magnesium alloys have been employed in a wide variety of structural applications because of their favorable combination of tensile strength, elastic modulus, and low density. Providing a brief section on occurrence, production, and uses of magnesium, this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., elastic and plastic behaviors of single crystals, refinements to the single-crystal constitutive, and crystal-scale finite-element. The article also presents examples that illustrate the capabilities of the formulations at the length scales. crystal-scale simulations finite-element formulations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... creep-related failures, where the mechanical strength of a material becomes limited by creep rather than by its elastic limit. The majority of information provided is applicable to metallic materials, and only general information regarding creep-related failures of polymeric materials is given. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... brittle fracture, transgranular fracture, intergranular fracture, and crack propagation of the tungsten carbide. brittle fracture cemented carbides four-point bending test fractograph intergranular fracture tungsten carbide Fig. 1273 Eta phase on the fracture surface of a 94WC-6Co alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are recommended for Brinell testing materials of hardness from 444 HB up to about 627 HB (indentation of 2.45 mm in diameter). However, higher Brinell values will result when using carbide balls instead of steel balls because of the difference in elastic properties. The degree of accuracy that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., because it does not determine the number of cycles to initiate the crack, which typically accounts for a large percentage of the fatigue life, particularly at lower stress amplitudes. Similar linear-elastic fracture mechanics techniques may also be employed to estimate cyclic stresses on parts with...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) Property Ferritic Pearlitic Tensile properties Ultimate strength, MPa (ksi) >300 (>43.5) >400 (>58) 0.2% yield strength, MPa (ksi) >200 (>29) >300 (>43.5) Elastic modulus, GPa (10 6 psi) 140–155 (20–22.5) 145–160 (21–23.2) Elongation, % 2–5 0.5–2...