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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... settings. The corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Abstract Abstract The use of zinc in corrosion-protective coatings is due to its higher galvanic activity relative to that of steel. Pure zinc dust provides the best sacrificial protection to steel in a galvanic couple. Zinc-rich coatings can be subcategorized according to the type of binder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., metallic dust or powder, promoter or accelerator chemicals, and water. It offers a straightforward alternative method for achieving desired mechanical and galvanic properties with an extremely low risk of hydrogen embrittlement. This article provides a detailed description of the equipment, process steps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the safety issues associated with the design and operation of thermal spray booths and spray box structures and the equipment or systems required for operating thermal spray processes. It describes the design elements necessary to mitigate sound, dust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract The hazards associated with thermal spray deposition processes include ultraviolet and infrared radiation; acoustical noise; and by-product production in the forms of nitrous oxides, ozone, fumes, and dust. The most important consideration in health and safety is to use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... equipment. The off-gases can be classified according to their corrosiveness as: industrial chemical, hospital, municipal solid, and sewage sludge. The article provides information on the selection of materials for the three most common types of dust collection equipment used in bulk solids processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... industry. These modes include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, halogen corrosion, and sulfidation. carburization high-temperature corrosion oxidation sulfidation chemical process metal dusting nitridation halogen corrosion SOME MANUFACTURING PROCESSES require chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Cristobalite, silica SiO 2 1723 3133 Carborundum, silicon carbide SiC 2700 (a) 4892 (a) Silicon nitride Si 3 N 4 1800 (b) 3270 (b) Boron nitride BN 3000 (a) 5430 (a) (a) Sublimes. (b) Dissociates Fig. 1 Metal dusting attack on the inner wall of a stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... oxidation, internal oxidation, sulfidation, alloy oxidation, selective oxidation, and concurrent oxidation. It illustrates the relationships between scale morphologies on binary alloys and concludes with a discussion on metal dusting and chlorine corrosion. References References 1. Lillerud...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract During metal powder production, powder and/or dust handling, compaction, and part finishing operations, many safety and environmental risks exist. This article is a detailed account of the types of safety hazards that can exist and the issues that occur during metal powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... properties. The article also discusses the important characteristics and compositions of powder as well as impurities that directly affect powder properties. It ends with a description of the ignition and dust-explosion characteristics of organic and metal powders. alloy powders particle hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... limitations. Precipitates formed along the diffusion front. Courtesy of U.S. Navy Fig. 1 Metal dusting attack on the inner wall of a stainless steel tube Abstract Abstract High-temperature corrosion can occur in numerous environments and is affected by various parameters such as temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Minimum explosible concentration for metal powder dusts Table 2 Minimum explosible concentration for metal powder dusts Dust, elemental symbol Particle size, average diameter, µm Minimum explosible concentration, g/m 3 Al-1 1 85 Al-2 7 90 Al-4 40 120 B 3 110 C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... °C (700 °F). Water-based inorganic silicates are available for confined spaces and compliance with regulations regarding volatile organic compounds. Inorganic nature necessitates thorough blast-cleaning surface preparation and results in difficulty when topcoating with organic topcoats. Zinc dust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... structure 5.3.4, joints 5.3.5, entryway 5.4.1, air makeup 5.4.2, input air flow 5.4.3, air pressure 5.4.4, air movement 5.4.5, exhaust dust filtration Class 1A (b) (c) A1: rigid A2: flexible B1: air impenetrable C1: rigid C2: flexible D1: full seal E1: airlock E2: resealable F1...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... the hazards of hydrogen formation and accumulation. Magnesium dust ignites readily and may explode if ignited while suspended in air. Every precaution should be taken to ensure the proper collection and disposal of magnesium grinding dust. Belt or disk sanders for the dry grinding of magnesium should...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...: Because beryllium is expensive, near-net shape blanks should be used whenever possible to reduce material waste and subsequent recovery costs The dust and chips generated in machining are toxic to humans and can cause beryllium disease; therefore, a tested exhaust system and an approved monitoring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...: International Lead-Zinc Study Group Typical chemical composition of EAF dust Table 8 Typical chemical composition of EAF dust Constituent Amount, % Valuable metals Zinc 5.0–37.8 Iron 13.0–44.0 Problem impurities Lead 0.7–7.0 Cadmium 0.01–0.16 Nickel 0.002–0.07...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... be controlled by a foot valve for pulsed operation or a manual valve for continuous operation. (Good grounding within the system bleeds off the static electric charge created by the high-velocity stream.) A dust hood or collection cabinet used in conjunction with a vacuum dust collector is needed to limit...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and other regulatory bodies, lead is not the only hazardous material used in the ceramic and glass industries. For instance, silica has been classified as a possible carcinogen. For respirable silica dust (≤0.10 μm), OSHA has set...