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ductile material

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., fatigue properties, fracture toughness, and physical properties of ductile iron and compares them with other cast irons to aid the designer in materials selection. It concludes with information on austempered ductile iron. ductile iron castings austempered ductile iron compressive properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the temperature, loading rate, state of stress, and degree of constraint. In an ideal material containing neither inclusions nor second phases, ductile fracture would be expected to occur by slip and possibly twinning and result in complete reduction in area ( Fig. 1 ). Alternately, cleavage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... hardness of 241 to 255 HB. Note the multiple fatigue-crack origins at the journal edge (at right). Fatigue beach marks are evident, which is unusual in cast iron. Actual size Fig. 43 Surface of a fatigue fracture in an experimental crankshaft broken in a fatigue test. The material is ductile iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... control the processing of ductile iron, starting with analyses of raw materials and of the molten metal both before and after the nodulizing treatment. Rapid thermal-arrest methods are used to determine carbon, silicon, and carbon equivalence in the molten iron. Silicon content is also determined by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the influence of various work material properties, namely, hardness; toughness; stiffness; ductility; thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties; and microstructure effects on finishing methods. It also addresses the relative response of work materials, such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... striations, the material is ductile aluminum, in which they are very distinct. However, they are much less readily seen on the fracture surface of steel samples, even where there is little surface damage. Even when it is known that the failure was by fatigue, it may be difficult to find evidence of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... industries. This article describes the processes involved in erosion of ductile materials, brittle materials, and elastomers. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given on abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the article provides information on...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to describe the formability of the material are considered. Workability is a complex technological concept that depends not only on the fracture resistance (ductility) of the material but also on the specific details (stress state) of the deformation process as determined by die geometry, work...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is available in Ref 6 . Ductile failures result when a material is plastically deformed, usually in tension, to the point of failure. In the early stages of deformation, small holes called microvoids form, usually around weak points in the material, such as inclusions or second-phase particles...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superconductors are materials that exhibit a complete disappearance of electrical resistivity on lowering the temperature below the critical temperature. A superconducting material must exhibit perfect diamagnetism, that is, the complete exclusion of an applied magnetic field from the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... degree of chemical inertness and stability at high temperatures in oxidizing atmospheres. The materials used in the legs of this thermocouple, Pt-10Rh and platinum, both are ductile and can be drawn into fine wire (as small as 0.025 mm, or 0.001 in., in diameter for special applications). The type S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... OVERLOAD FAILURES, from the perspective of materials failure analysts, refer to the ductile or brittle fracture of a material when stresses exceed the load-bearing capacity of the material from either excessive applied stress or degradation of the load-bearing capacity of the material from damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... considerations discussed below. Many of these properties are discussed later in this article. Table 4 Common material properties of interest Mechanical properties Elastic moduli and stiffness Ultimate tensile strength Yield strength Ductility Modulus of rupture (flexural strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... elongation increasing from 15 to 24%. Table 3 Effect of chemical composition on room-temperature strength and ductility of aluminum and titanium alloys Material Yield strength Ultimate strength Elongation, % MPa ksi MPa ksi Pure annealed aluminum (99.999% Al) 17 2.5 44 6.5 60...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Selecting the proper cutting tool material for a specific machining application can provide substantial advantages, including increased productivity, improved quality, and reduced costs. This article begins with a description of the factors affecting the selection of a cutting tool...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the ferromagnetic properties of soft magnetic materials, explaining the effects of impurities, alloying elements, heat treatment, grain size, and grain orientation on soft magnetic materials. It describes the types of soft magnetic materials, which include high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... reignition.) The vapor pressure would be low to minimize arc erosion and metal transfer. Hardness would be high to provide good wear resistance, and yet ductility would be high enough to ensure ease of fabrication. Purity of the material would be maintainable at a level that ensures consistent performance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... increasing amounts of twinning occur as temperature decreases below that level. The combination of low-flow stress, high ductility, and reduced oxidation rate makes the high-α range ideal for primary hot working. Dynamic recrystallization occurs above approximately 550 °C (1020 °F), but the material work...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... ductility of materials undergoing high-strain deformation. Frequently, torsion tests are conducted to determine the effects of process conditions (e.g., strain rate and temperature) and material composition on workability. A large number of hot ductility tests have been performed successfully on a variety...