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ductile iron

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in these municipal water systems. The most commonplace corrosion-damage mechanisms are highlighted. The article describes the most common materials of construction found in municipal water systems, namely, cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, precast concrete cylinder pipe and reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... copper copper alloys corrosion control ductile iron ferrous metals localized corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion municipal wastewater systems protective coatings reinforced concrete pipes wastewater treatment THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE is to acquaint the reader with useful...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article begins with a description of the classes and grades of ductile iron. It discusses the factors affecting the mechanical properties of ductile iron. The article reviews the hardness properties, tensile properties, shear and torsional properties, compressive properties...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the melting and poring practices, heat treatment, and applications of different types of high-alloy graphitic iron, namely, high-silicon gray irons, high-silicon ductile irons, nickel-alloyed austenitic irons, austenitic gray irons, austenitic ductile irons, and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the production stages of iron foundry casting, with particular emphasis on the melting practices, molten metal treatment, and feeding of molten metal into sand molds. It discusses the molten metal treatments for high-silicon gray, high-nickel ductile, and malleable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 1.40–1.50 0.04–0.07 0.05–0.30 0.03–0.10 0.03–0.40 0.03 max 0.05–0.07 … … Ductile iron 3.60–3.80 0.15–1.00 1.80–2.80 0.03–0.07 0.05–0.20 0.01–0.10 0.15–1.00 0.03 max 0.002 max 0.005–0.20 (b) 0.03–0.06 (a) TC, total carbon. (b) Optional Table 2 Compositions and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Cast iron, which usually refers to an in situ composite of stable eutectic graphite in a steel matrix, includes the major classifications of gray iron, ductile iron, compacted graphite iron, malleable iron, and white iron. This article discusses melting, pouring, desulfurization...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... processes such as annealing, normalizing, surface hardening, tempering, stress relieving, quenching, and austempering, on hardness and tensile properties of cast irons, namely gray irons, ductile irons, malleable irons, and austenitic irons. austenitic irons cast irons ductile irons gray irons...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Cast irons primarily are iron alloys that contain more than 2% carbon and from 1 to 3% silicon. This article provides a description of iron-iron carbide-silicon system; and discusses the classification, composition, and characteristics of cast irons, such as gray, ductile, malleable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... life when resistance to corrosion, wear, and erosion is required. The common methods include electroplating, electroless plating, hardfacing, weld cladding, surface hardening, porcelain enameling, and organic coatings. cast iron conversion coatings corrosion resistance ductile iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that covers pearlitic and ferritic ductile irons. The fractographs display the following: brittle cleavage fracture; fatigue crack propagation; fatigue and monotonic fracture surfaces; fracture modes in slow monotonic loading and impact loading...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., submerged-electrode furnaces, immersed-electrode furnaces, and externally heated furnaces. It discusses the important applications of various furnace designs, including the austempering of ductile iron, the hardening of tool steels, and the isothermal annealing of high-alloy steels. case hardening...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... graphite in CG iron. Full deep etch. 395× Abstract This article discusses the graphite morphology, chemical composition, mechanical and physical properties, and applications of compacted graphite (CG) irons. It compares the selected properties of gray, ductile and CG irons, and lists their...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... shaped graphite nodules instead of flakes, as in gray iron, or small graphite spherulites, as in ductile iron. Malleable iron is produced by first casting the iron as a white iron and then heat treating the white cast iron to convert the iron carbide into the irregularly shaped nodules of graphite. This...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... interspersed nodules of temper carbon. Cupola malleable iron is a blackheart malleable iron that is produced by cupola melting and is used for pipe fittings and similar thin- section castings. Because of its low strength and ductility, cupola malleable iron is usually not specified for structural applications...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) crystal structures, austenitic alloys remain ductile irrespective of temperature or strain rate unless detrimental phase changes occur. Fig. 2 Examples of fully austenitic iron-base alloys in the solution-annealed condition. (a) AISI type 316 stainless steel. Etched with HCl/HNO 3 /H 2 O (equal...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... produce spheroidal graphite ductile iron (SG); however, it has only been since 1965 that CG iron has occupied its place in the cast iron family as a material with distinct properties requiring distinct manufacturing technologies. The first patent was obtained by R.D. Schelleng ( Ref 1 ). Also known as...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ( Ref 12 ) is shown in Fig. 7 , along with those for malleable and ductile irons and for steel. Whereas steels have a fixed tensile-strength-to-Brinell-hardness ratio of approximately 500 to 1, and malleable and ductile irons have a ratio of approximately 400 to 1, gray irons exhibit considerable...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., with mechanical properties such as strength, ductility, and hardness varying over very large intervals as a function of the type and the amount of eutectic formed. To understand the mechanism of the solidification of cast iron, it is necessary first to discuss the structure of liquid iron-carbon alloys...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... For cast iron, desulfurization is practiced in the manufacture of ductile iron castings in order to develop spherical graphite morphology. Ductile iron is used in applications where high fracture toughness is needed. Sulfur is removed from iron and steel when the metals are liquid. Although a variety...