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dual-microstructure processing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... to a dual microstructure by a transient-heating method. Courtesy of Ladish Company, Inc. Fig. 5 Macrograph of the cross section of a dual-alloy turbine disk produced by the shear-bond process. The bore is a fine-grain P/M alloy, and the rim is a coarse cast nickel-base superalloy. Courtesy...
Book Chapter

By G.R. Speich
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of Microstructures and Structure-Property Relationships in Dual-Phase Steels , in Formable HSLA and Dual-Phase Steels , American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers , 1979 , p 56 – 86 11. Furakawa T. , Morikawa H. , Takechi H. , and Koyama K. , Process Factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... that of the tooth tip and root region. Courtesy of Inductoheat, Inc. Fig. 31 Dual-frequency process for hardening of a shaft/helical wide-face internal gear from normalized AISI 4340. (a) Component with the teeth located on inside and an etched portion of as-hardened section. Minor gear diameter 175 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of the Powder Metallurgy Processing of Hybrid Nickel Based Superalloy Components , Powder Metall. , 1994 , p 2053 – 2056 63. Gayda J. and Furrer D. , Dual-Microstructure Heat Treatment , Adv. Mater.Process. , July 2003 , ASM International 64. Mitchell R. , Lemsky J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Steels, Part II: Processing Considerations,” http://www.thefabricator.com/Articles/Stamping_Exclusive.cfm?ID=1158 , FMA Communications, Inc. , Sept 2005 (accessed April 14, 2006) 13. Carlsson B. , Bustard P. , and Eriksson D. , “Formability of High Strength Dual Phase Steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...× Fig. 10 Microstructure of a dual-phase sheet steel with islands of martensite in a matrix of ferrite. 4% picral etch. 500× Fig. 11 Microstructure of a dual-phase sheet steel with islands of martensite (dark) and retained austenite (arrows) in a matrix of ferrite. 12% sodium metabisulfite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... circuit … Rotation speed … … Axis speed ( XYZ ) for every movement during the process … … Time between heating and quenching … … Power, current, and frequency, of a simultaneous dual-frequency generator for a high-frequency heating sequence Table 2 Power, current, and frequency...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... required to form dual-phase microstructures. Source: Ref 33 Fig. 14 Comparison of strength levels achievable by means of continuous and batch g of solution-strengthened and high-strength low-alloy steels. Source: Ref 27 Fig. 15 Stretcher-strain marks (Lüders bands) on the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... the stack of collected images ( Fig. 14a ) from a dual-beam focused ion beam-scanning electron microscope. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 15 Three-dimensional reconstruction of IN100 created from electron backscatter diffraction data. The dimensions of the parallelepiped volume are 41 × 41 × 29 µm...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for failure analysis photography Fig. 5 Typical carrying case for field and laboratory photographic equipment Fig. 6 Copystand for dual-side incandescent lighting Fig. 7 Fracture-surface side lighting. (a) Photograph of a fatigue fracture resulting from dual-side incandescent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... layer on an AISI 1045 steel (borided at 927 °C, or 1700 °F, for 6 h). Original magnification: 200× In some cases where a dual-phase boride layer is present, simply handling borided surfaces after processing can create stresses sufficient to induce spalling. In other cases, spalling can occur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... embedded in a matrix and cellular precipitates. Another important example is the type of dual-phase HSLA sheet steels characterized by a microstructure consisting of about 20% hard martensite particles dispersed in a soft ductile ferrite matrix ( Fig. 7 ). The term dual phase refers to ferrite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...., The Metallurgical Society , 1981 20. Matlock D.K. , Zia-Ebrahimi F. , and Krauss G. , Structure, Properties and Strain Hardening of Dual-Phase Steels , in Deformation, Processing and Structure , Krauss G. , Ed., ASM INTERNATIONAL , 1984 21. Bilby B.A. and Christian...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the physical and chemical processes occurring at the film-vacuum interface during IBAD and dual-ion-beam sputtering with illustrations. The article also reviews the methods used for large-area, high-volume implementation of IBAD and the modes of film formation for IBAD. It contains a table that presents...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Microstructure of a typical dual-phase steel. 2% nital etch. 250× Fig. 43 Comparison of the stress-strain curves of three discontinuously yielding sheet steels (plain carbon, SAE 950X, and SAE 980X) and a dual-phase steel (GM 980X). In addition to the differences in yielding behavior, note the higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of type 4340 steel. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 41 Influence of cold work on mechanical properties of type 304 stainless steel. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 42 Microstructure of a fully spheroidized steel. 4% picral etch. 1000× Fig. 43 Microstructure of a typical dual-phase steel. 2% nital...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Fe<sub>2</sub>B Single-Phase Boride Layers Fe<sub>2</sub>B-FeB Dual-Phase Boride Layers Microstructures of Boride Layers in Ferrous Materials Hardness and Depth of Boride Layers in Ferrous Materials Nickel-base superalloys can be borided to improve wear and galling resistance. A nickel-boride layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... two-phase field is used to generate intercritical ferrite in high-strength sheet products along with harder products of austenite decomposition, such as martensite in dual-phase microstructures. In hypereutectoid steels, for example, grade 52100, heating is often into the austenite-and-cementite two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.9781627081672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... strengthened Moderate Moderate Large HSLA precipitation grain refined Moderate Moderate Fairly large Solid-solution aluminum killed Good Good Limited Bake hardenable Good Good Limited Dual phase Good Moderate Large Cold-forming strip steels Table 25 Cold-forming strip...