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dry gaseous chlorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in liquid chlorine service Abstract Abstract This article discusses the corrosion of metals and nonmetals by dry chlorine, refrigerated liquid chlorine, dry gaseous chlorine, moist chlorine, selected mixed gases with chlorine, and chlorine-water. It also provides information on the handling...
Book Chapter

By David V. Neff
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... into the melt, the hexachloroethane decomposed into its respective components. The chlorine component immediately forms a metastable aluminum chloride gaseous compound, which is insoluble in the melt and served as the purge gas. With any purge gas, the monatomic hydrogen diffuses into the purge gas bubble...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Chlorine, dry (a) 100 212 Slight >0.05 2 Chlorine, moist or in solution 100 212 <0.05 2 Saturated chlorine in water Room <0.05 2 Bromine, dry (a) Room <0.05 2 Bromine, in methanol Room >0.05, <0.5 2.20 Bromine, in glacial acetic acid 50 120 <0.05 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) fluids. Fluids within these classes are available for light-, medium-, and heavy-duty performance. Air is the most common gaseous fluid. It is present under atmospheric pressure for dry operations and also present when fluids are used. Air is sometimes compressed to provide better cooling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Pyrometallurgical Reduction Pyrometallurgical Process Equipment Pyrometallurgical Refining Leaching Processes Solution Purification Metal Deposition Liquation Refining with Gaseous Reagents Reducing Agents Reduction of Nonoxide Compounds Slags Reverberatory Furnaces Blast...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that these two phenomena are related, but addition of 1.5 to 2.0% water to the acid completely inhibited both reactions. Since then, SCC has been demonstrated in hot dry sodium chloride, methanol, hydrochloric acid solutions, seawater, chlorinated solvents, nitrogen tetroxide, mercury, and cadmium. One...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are seldom used in NH 3 service except at elevated temperatures. They are very resistant to dry NH 3 , but can be attacked by gaseous NH 3 if more than about 1% water is present. They are resistant to anhydrous NH 3 and exhibit good resistance to nitriding ( Ref 29 ). Data in Table 4 show the effect...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...), the rate increases, and corrosion occurs unless proper inhibitors are added. Measures should be taken to control the galvanic corrosion. Dry chlorine, iodine, bromine, and fluorine cause little or no corrosion of magnesium at room or slightly elevated temperature. Even when it contains 0.02% H 2 O, dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...–11.5 <0.02 0.14–0.6 (a) Percent in dry solid. (b) Willow tree. Source: Adapted from Ref 13 , 14 The composition of MSW-based fuels varies based on the origin of the waste. The MSW typically contains high percentages of chlorine and moisture and has a low heating value. Most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., plated coatings, organic coatings, and plasma-sprayed coatings. Selected References Selected References • Budnikov P.P. , Belyaev R.A. , Volodin P.L. , Rakhalin N.A. , Furaev V.A. , and Tumbakova M.I. , Corrosion of Aluminum and Beryllium Oxides in Gaseous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Temperature Erosion Metals Nonmetals These gases are characterized by extremely high temperatures (1000 °C, or 1830 °F, is not uncommon) used to destroy the chemical. This can result in the formation of halogenated compounds from chlorine or fluorine in the raw material. Hydrogen bromide, sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and the gaseous impurities containing sulfur and chlorine are removed from the product stream. The initial product gas may contain hydrogen and carbon monoxide, but this can be shifted to methane to produce a synthetic natural gas. Gasification of the alternative fuels is also possible, with the aim of producing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... direction of abrasive particles, either dry or suspended in a liquid, against the surfaces of parts or products. Abrasive blast cleaning removes contaminants and conditions the surfaces for subsequent finishing. Typical uses include: Removing rust, scale, dry solids, mold sand, ceramic shell coatings...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that are affected by water or pose drying problems, knife blades, sintered filters Buffing and polishing compounds; miscellaneous machining, shop, and other soils Chlorinated-solvent degreaser (inhibited trichloroethylene, for example) Aluminum and zinc Castings, open-mesh air filters, used automotive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of residual stresses can go a long way toward eliminating problems too. Sometimes minor changes or additions to the environment can help. Finally, proper design and operation to avoid such things as splash zones and wet/dry concentration also are important. Stress-corrosion cracking is a dangerous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cold cleaning is a process for removing oil, grease, loose metal chips, and other contaminants from the surfaces of metal parts. Common organic solvents such as petroleum distillate fractions, chlorinated hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, or blends of these classes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... after laboratory testing at 650 °C (1200 °F) for 10,000 h in H 2 -49%CO-2%H 2 O. Both specimens were in a bright-annealed finish condition (no surface grinding) prior to the exposure test. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 14 General guidelines for several alloys for use in dry chlorine environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 2 -to-H 2 O ratios. Ellingham or Gibbs free energy-temperature diagrams for selected oxides are given in Ref 2 . Similar Gibbs energy-temperature diagrams are available for other gaseous reactions such as sulfur, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and nitrogen ( Ref 4 ). A practical limitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Alkyds Good resistance to atmospheric weathering and moderate chemical fumes; not resistant to chemical splash and spillage. Long oil alkyds have good penetration but are slow drying; short oil alkyds are fast drying. Temperature resistant to 105 °C (225 °F) Not chemically resistant; not suitable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a discussion on the mechanisms of wear and their interactions with gaseous corrosion. The wear mechanisms include abrasive, erosive, fretting, and sliding. The measurement of degradation on combustion walls in coal-fired boilers is discussed. The article...