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dry chlorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 56 0.0005 0.02 ACI, Alloy Casting Institute. (a) Crevice corrosion. Source: Ref 43 Approximate temperatures at which the indicated corrosion rates occur in dry chlorine Table 1 Approximate temperatures at which the indicated corrosion rates occur in dry chlorine Alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Thermoset Plastics Other Nonmetallic Materials Storage and Handling Corrosion rates determined in dry hydrogen chloride and chlorine gases are listed in Table 3 . Based on these results, the recommended upper temperature limits for various metals in HCl gas are shown in Table 4...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that these two phenomena are related, but addition of 1.5 to 2.0% water to the acid completely inhibited both reactions. Since then, SCC has been demonstrated in hot dry sodium chloride, methanol, hydrochloric acid solutions, seawater, chlorinated solvents, nitrogen tetroxide, mercury, and cadmium. One...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-temperature properties Poor abrasion resistance Preference is to autoclave or pressure cure Common uses of hard natural rubber are: Wet and dry chlorine service High-temperature service Advantages of neoprene are: Excellent oxidation, ultraviolet (UV), and ozone resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...), the rate increases, and corrosion occurs unless proper inhibitors are added. Measures should be taken to control the galvanic corrosion. Dry chlorine, iodine, bromine, and fluorine cause little or no corrosion of magnesium at room or slightly elevated temperature. Even when it contains 0.02% H 2 O, dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of its salts, fluorosilicates, concentrated caustic soda (NaOH), and potassium hydroxide (KOH). Alloy N04400 is resistant to all common dry gases at room temperatures. It is not resistant to chlorine, bromine, nitric oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide in the presence of moisture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... after laboratory testing at 650 °C (1200 °F) for 10,000 h in H 2 -49%CO-2%H 2 O. Both specimens were in a bright-annealed finish condition (no surface grinding) prior to the exposure test. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 14 General guidelines for several alloys for use in dry chlorine environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... … Room E Carbon tetrachloride 99 Boiling E Liquid Boiling E Pure Room E 5–10 aqueous solution Room E Chlorinated brine … … E Chlorinated hydrocarbons … … E Chlorinated water Saturated Room E Chlorine dioxide … 180 (355) E Chlorine gas Dry Up to 250 (480...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... There is approximately a 10 to 1 ratio between the sulfur content of hard (ebonite) and soft natural rubbers. The hard rubbers can be machined after vulcanization to make acid-resistant seals, valves, and pump bodies. Hard rubbers resist extreme corrosive exposure from wet and dry chlorine gas. They offer chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... be beneficial to oxidation resistance, as in type 406 (3.5% Al) and in type 302B (S30215, 2.5% Si), respectively. Resistance to nitriding is improved by alloying with nickel, as in RA-330 (N08330). For stainless steels, the upper temperature limit for operation in dry chlorine is approximately 320 °C (600 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The article examines the corrosion problems in high-yield mechanical pulping, sulfite process, neutral sulfite semichemical pulping, chemical recovery, tall oil plants, wastewater treatment, and recovery boilers. It explains the stages of chlorine-based and nonchlorine bleaching, process water reuse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Chlorine, dry (a) 100 212 Slight >0.05 2 Chlorine, moist or in solution 100 212 <0.05 2 Saturated chlorine in water Room <0.05 2 Bromine, dry (a) Room <0.05 2 Bromine, in methanol Room >0.05, <0.5 2.20 Bromine, in glacial acetic acid 50 120 <0.05 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Alkyds Good resistance to atmospheric weathering and moderate chemical fumes; not resistant to chemical splash and spillage. Long oil alkyds have good penetration but are slow drying; short oil alkyds are fast drying. Temperature resistant to 105 °C (225 °F) Not chemically resistant; not suitable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Temperature Erosion Metals Nonmetals These gases are characterized by extremely high temperatures (1000 °C, or 1830 °F, is not uncommon) used to destroy the chemical. This can result in the formation of halogenated compounds from chlorine or fluorine in the raw material. Hydrogen bromide, sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... found application on ships and containers, railroads, and as traffic paint for road stripes. For many years, chlorinated rubber coatings were used to paint ships because of their ease of application and repairability, tolerance of poor surface preparation, fast drying characteristics, and relatively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cold cleaning is a process for removing oil, grease, loose metal chips, and other contaminants from the surfaces of metal parts. Common organic solvents such as petroleum distillate fractions, chlorinated hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, or blends of these classes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... System and Product Specifications Contractor Requirements Inspection Requirements and Procedures Warranty Considerations Debris Containment Wet Abrasive Blasting Hydroblasting Nonconventional Blasting Methods Additional Considerations Chlorine and Chlorine Dioxide Caustic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... lubricants in fluid or paste may be effective. Chlorine or sulfur EP additives are often encountered, although sulfur staining is a problem. Staining and/or corrosion of these metals in forming is a particular concern. Lubricants chosen must be formulated to prevent both from taking place. Dry soaps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is one of the major problems associated with the metal plasma etch process. Dry etching in a chlorine-containing plasma is a potentially important technique for patterning aluminum alloy lines for very large scale integration (VLSI) circuits. However, aluminum alloy lines formed by dry etching are prone...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and posttest sample-cleaning procedures. The type of surface finish tested should resemble the one expected in service. For titanium alloys, this will often be the pickled finish, although sandblasted or ground surfaces are also common. The initial degreasing of test samples should avoid chlorinated...