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dose-response assessment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... risk assessments of extracts is also included. The four basic steps that are commonly used in the risk assessment process are discussed. These steps include hazard identification, dose-response assessment, and exposure assessment, and risk characterization. biological evaluation chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... International , 2002 , p 109 30. Tidblad J. , Kucera V. , Mikhailov A.A. , and Knotkova D. , Improvement of the ISO Classification System Based on Dose-Response Functions Describing the Corrosivity of Outdoor Atmospheres , Outdoor Atmospheric Corrosion , STP 1421, Townsend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... health, environment, and safety. Operators implement corrosion control measures to prevent such damage, including use of corrosion-inhibitor treatments; however, performance data are rarely available to help optimize the dosing level or the type of chemical used. Typically, pipeline systems are treated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the four different types of tissue responses to the biomaterial. The article discusses the testing of implant failure, such as in vitro and in vivo assessment of tissue compatibility. biomaterials biomedical devices cardiovascular applications ceramic implants dental applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abstract Metallographic examination is a critical step in the assessment of thermal spray coating characteristics. This article discusses the major steps involved in metallographic examination: sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, optical microscopy, and image analysis. It provides a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... responsibilities of each party in the inspection process. Any defects identified during the inspection should be recorded. The inspection procedure should include guidance on acceptability and reporting levels for types of defects. Any defects above the agreed threshold should be assessed for acceptability by a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... microbial activity and the corrosion process. Then, various mechanisms that influence corrosion in microorganisms are discussed. The focus is on the incremental activities needed to assess the role played by microorganisms, if any, in the overall scenario. The article presents a case study that illustrates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... response than the comparably smaller dose of larger-sized particles. UHMWPE, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene. Sources: Metal-polymer, Ref 9 ; ceramic-polymer, Ref 10 ; metal-cross-linked polymer, Ref 11 , Ref 12 , Ref 13 , Ref 14 ; metal-metal, Ref 15 ; and ceramic-ceramic, Ref 16 It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... E.P. , Ed., The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society , 1993 127. Allen T.R. , Tsai H. , Cole J.I. , Ohta J. , Dohi K. , and Kusanagi H. , Properties of 20% Cold-Worked 316 Stainless Steel Irradiated at Low Dose Rate , Effects of Radiation on Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the material demonstrates the presence of a known toxic molecule, it is necessary to show that the amount which may be released into the patient, that is, dose, is below the toxicity threshold for the duration of the device. This includes both local and systemic ( Ref 2 ) effects. The International...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Biochemistry , AMA Arch. Ind. Health , Vol 21 , 1960 , p 132 – 151 40. Tseng W.-P. , Effects and Dose-Response Relationships of Skin Cancer and Blackfoot Disease With Arsenic , Environ. Health Perspect. , Vol 19 , 1977 , p 109 – 119 41. Popper H. , Thomas L.B. , Telles...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... finishing cell. The pouring control system for any HPDC operation is critical for achieving maximum yield per run and also maintaining good quality of the liquid metal. Automation for this area has evolved from the earlier manual hand-pour ladle to the robotic-pour ladle system and the automatic dosing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... can be described based on information from industrial exposure, pollution, and other exposures to high or extended doses of metal particles and dissolved metal ions. Testing in the laboratory and in animals has occasionally produced results that, while of concern in the initial reporting, do not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Alloys Reduce Dose , Nucl. Eng. Int. , Jan 1995 , p 26 – 27 12. Ocken H. , Fruzzetti K. , Frattini P. , and Wood C.J. , Recent Developments in PWR Zinc Injection, Paper 41 , Proc. Chimie 2002 , Société Française d'Energie Nucléaire, April 22–26, 2002 13. Gosset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., there will be a steady increase in lead levels in solution over time that could increase beyond the maximum allowable level of 1 ppm. Infrequent use of lead crystal glassware will result in only small doses of lead below this limit, although this may be a result of acid polishing. The Hazardous and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... criteria for safety-related containment coatings. Both test protocols recommend temperature and pressure transients during specimen exposure. The DBA test procedure uses test coupons that have been previously irradiated to receive an accumulated dose of 1 × 10 9 rads, in accordance with ASTM D4082...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... lungs to significant doses of ionizing radiation, which may cause carcinoma of the lung tissue, or they may be transported from the lungs and damage other parts of the body. Some dusts can pass to the bloodstream, thus being carried through the organism and exerting toxic action on one or more organs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... vehicle driver seat while riding under different road conditions. Data were analyzed in both time and frequency domains, and the calculation of vibration dose values helped to quantify the total exposure to vibration and the ride comfort. Continuous exposure to extreme noise levels may affect the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... McVey S. , Subsurface Damage from Helium Ions as a Function of Dose, Beam Energy, and Dose Rate , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B , Vol 27 ( No. 6 ), Nov/Dec 2009 , p 3244 – 3249 10.1116/1.3237101 53. Ramachandra R. , Griffin B. , and Joy D. , A Model of Secondary Electron...