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dispersed-phase thermoset-matrix composite failures

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-Damaged Composites Brittle-Matrix Composite Failure Tough-Matrix Composite Failure Thermoplastic-Matrix Composite Failure Mechanisms Untoughened Thermoset-Matrix Composite Failure Mechanisms Toughened Thermoset-Matrix Composite Failure Mechanisms Dispersed-Phase, Rubber-Toughened...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... were added to increase the strain to failure of the primary phase and/or create a dispersed second phase, thereby enhancing the fracture toughness of the thermosetting matrix. These new matrices offered new design capabilities for composites in a variety of aircraft applications. To improve the damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... illumination, 65 mm macrophotograph montage Fig. 7 Voids found in a glass fiber composite cross section due to solvents from manufacturing. Bright-field illumination, 10× objective Fig. 8 Residual curing agent particles in a thermoset-matrix glass fiber composite. Reflected-light phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... or materials designed to take advantage of the most desirable aspects of each. As a result, the strengths and/or physical properties of composites are usually an average of the strengths and/or properties of the individual constituents/phases. Most composites are composed of a compliant, damage-tolerant matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Molybdenum bcc metal 1.768 7.14 Magnesium hcp metal 0.279 1.13 Titanium hcp metal 0.403 1.63 Copper fcc metal 0.112 0.45 Aluminum fcc metal 0.068 0.27 Source: Ref 4 Fig. 26 Two metallic phase diagrams. (a) The copper-nickel diagram. Copper and nickel are completely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... rigid material. Fig. 4 Transmission electron microscopy image of an acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene polymer. The dark phase is comprised of butadiene rubber particles, which are dispersed in a styrene-acrylonitrile matrix. Source: Ref 2 Viscoelasticity Physical properties of polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... with both rubbers and TPs is closely related to the cross- link density of the thermoset matrix. Thermoplastics differ from rubbers in that they are more effective tougheners in highly cross-linked matrices because phase separation will occur at lower concentrations as matrix rigidity increases ( Ref 34...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... material is known, it can be etched from within the thermosetting matrix with a suitable solvent for that material (e.g., a second phase consisting of polyetherimide in a thermosetting matrix can be etched with methylene chloride). An example of a carbon-fiber composite with a dyed multiphase epoxy matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and matrix constituents to be used in the composite. The interphase will change depending on the matrix (e.g., thermoset or thermoplastic) as well as the reinforcing fiber (e.g., glass, carbon, or polymeric). Each constituent has different but related requirements for the interphase from both a processing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... from the polymer. Many recent material developments have involved composite materials. The synthetic composites described in this article are classified according to the continuous (matrix) phase present. They include polymer-, ceramic-, or metal-matrix composites that are reinforced with carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... composite samples in the center of the section (which cannot be seen due to the ultrathin dimension!). Fig. 11 Micrographs of a thermoset-matrix carbon fiber composite material comparing the use of two different ramp rates in the cure cycle. (a) 2.8 °C/min (5 °F/min). Transmitted light, phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... • Suresh S. , Mortensen A. , and Needleman A. , Fundamentals of Metal-Matrix Composites , Butterworth-Heinemann , 1993 Processing • Alloy Phase Diagrams , Vol 3 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 • Heat Treating , Vol 4 , ASM Handbook , ASM International...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Structural Hot melt Pressure sensitive Water based Ultraviolet/electron beam (UV/EB)-cured Bonds can be stressed to a high proportion of maximum failure load under service environments Most are thermosets One- or two-component systems Room- or elevated-temperature cures Wide range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... count  Calculate total oxide area/total field area Unmelted-particle evaluation Acquire image Set illumination level to give maximum brightness range  Perform image averaging  Correct shading  Stretch linear gray scale Detect coating matrix material  Select brightness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Aerospace Industrial, Recreational, and Infrastructure Summary Polyester and Vinyl Ester Resins Other Resins Epoxy Resins Bismaleimide Resins Polyimide Resins Other Thermosetting Resins Thermoplastic Resins Unlike their organic counterparts, the metal alloy matrix in MMCs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... strengths. However, toughened epoxy adhesives are available that contain a rubber-based impact modifier dispersed throughout the glassy matrix. The addition of rubber particles makes epoxy more resistant to crack propagation. Curable Silicones Silicone adhesives are soft thermoset elastomers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , 15 ). To weave preforms, this type of loom locates yarns in the circumferential and radial directions within an array of axial metal rods, which are then replaced by dry yarns. The two general categories of matrix precursors used for carbon-carbon densification are thermosetting resins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8