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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and features present on a failed component. Recording the features observed in a failure analysis is critical both to document the component condition and to communicate the results of the failure analysis to others. digital photography failure analysis field photographic documentation fractured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... lighting and microscopic photography. Special techniques can be employed to deal with highly reflective conditions and are also described in this article. digital cameras failure analysis microscopic photography photographic lighting visual examination FAILURE ANALYSIS is an investigative...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... There are a number of film types that have been used with macrophotographic large-format view cameras, both the traditional wet processed films and instant (Polaroid, Polaroid Corporation, Cambridge, MA) films. Today, increased use is being made of digital, “filmless” photography, and this trend is expected...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... with macrophotographic large-format view cameras, both the traditional wet processed films and instant (Polaroid, Polaroid Corporation, Cambridge, MA) films. Today, increased use is being made of digital, “filmless” photography, and this trend is expected to increase. Historically, wet-processed black and white...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and measurements made during the field investigation. A high-quality digital camera capable of capturing high-resolution images in a variety of different lighting conditions is beneficial. The camera should be capable of performing close-up photography ( Fig. 5a , b ). Fig. 5 (a) Overview...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to point out specific features for more detailed study. Digital stereomicroscopes ( Fig. 62 ) are capable of high-resolution photography or high-speed video for time-sensitive applications. Some will take stereopairs. A few manufacturers offer camera stands for macrophotography. Some metallographs also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... investigation is to collect data pertaining to the accident and to document the condition of the accident scene. Investigators who are not able to visit the accident scene often are limited to studying scene photographs taken by others. However, new technologies such as laser scanning allow for digital three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
.... Mousy F. , in Advances in Fracture Research , Vol 5 , Pergamon Press , 1982 , p 2537 28. Horenstein H. , Black and White Photography: A Basic Manual , Little, Brown and Co. , 1974 29. Horenstein H. , Beyond Basic Photography , Little, Brown and Co. , 1977 30...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by the object impinges on a detector such as film. The unabsorbed radiation exposes the film emulsion, similar to the way that light exposes film in photography. Development of the film produces an image that is a two-dimensional “shadow picture” of the object. Variations in density, thickness, and composition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by the object impinges on a detector such as film. The unabsorbed radiation exposes the film emulsion, similar to the way that light exposes film in photography. Development of the film produces an image that is a two-dimensional “shadow picture” of the object. Variations in density, thickness, and composition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... for the Inspection of Pressure Vessel Sections , Mater. Res. Stand. , Vol 12 ( No. 12 ), Dec 1972 , p 23 – 32 • Hildebrand B.P. , Davis T.J. , Boland A.J. , and Silta R.L. , A Portable Digital Ultrasonic Holography System for Imaging Flaws in Heavy Section Materials , IEEE Trans...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... is traced with the cursor, which is on the digitizing tablet. Measurements are taken directly from the metallographic samples (eliminating photography and darkroom time) by using a drawing tube to link the specimen image and digitizing tablet. The basic data obtained are the ( x,y ) coordinates along...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... for Manufacturing a Relief by the Aid of Photography , U.S. Patent 2,015,457 , filed 1933 , issued 1935 9. Munz O.J. , Photo-Glyph Recording , U.S. Patent 2,775,758 , filed 1951 , issued 1956 10. Blanther J.E. , Manufacture of Contour Relief Maps , U.S. Patent 473,901 , filed 1890...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... for studying the fracture surface are based on the projected images (the picture obtained with the scanning electron microscope), stereoscopic viewing (using stereophotogrammetry), and sectioning (to generate profiles). The use of an automatic image analysis system with a digitizing tablet is extremely helpful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... volume criterion is not valid, therefore, requires additional sample diagnostics during the duration of the test to calculate true stress. Simultaneous use of high-resolution high-speed photography can be used to monitor sample length and diameter during testing. The photographic data, once digitized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Not suitable for nonmagnetic material Online monitoring; can sense stress without cracking Magnetic metals, steel, nickel, iron, chrome Radiography, computed tomography, digital x-ray, neutron radiographic testing, x-ray diffraction Penetrating rays of x-ray, gamma rays, or neutrons passing through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of Shock Wave and Rarefaction Wave , Nippon Zairyo Kyodo Gakkaishi (J. Jpn. Soc. Strength Fract. Mater.) , Vol 33 ( No. 1 ), 1999 , p 17 – 24 • Melin L.G. , Stahle P. , and Sundin K.G. , High Strain Rate Tensile Testing Using Microscopic High Speed Photography, 11th Int. Conf...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... For color work, the film type must be compatible with the color temperature of the lighting. Digital cameras are becoming popular, and rather high pixel densities are available at a reasonable price. Alternatively, a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera can be mounted on a macro lens to provide images...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... phases exposed on the surface of the specimen can evaporate and then condense on the viewing window thereby hindering observation. This situation can be partly overcome by using a double viewing window with the window nearer the specimen being removable and the remaining window being used for photography...