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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... The article provides a schematic illustration of a typical storage phosphor imaging plate. It concludes with a discussion on the benefits of digital radiography. computed radiography digital radiography photostimuable luminescence storage phosphor real-time radiography X-ray photonic signal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the main theoretical and practical aspects of sequence normally followed in digital image-acquisition, processing, analysis, and output for material characterization. It discusses the main methods of digital imaging, image processing, and analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... This article provides an overview of the general methods of metal powder production. It details the primary methods for particle sizing used in additive manufacturing: sieving, laser diffraction and scattering, and digital image analysis. Methods of interpreting and understanding particle size distribution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Table 3 Guidelines for adequate magnification for digital measurements Exemplary structure Feature analyzed Proposed criterion for magnification choice Suggested secondary criterion Austenitic steels, single-phase materials Grains filling the space Area of the image equal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Additional Applications Digital Cameras Three-Dimensional (3-D) Cameras and Camera Systems Illumination Color Space Transformation Binary versus Monochrome versus Color Image Windowing Image Restoration Additional Data Reduction Processing Techniques Object Determination Object...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , 2011 • Freeman M. , The Complete Guide to Light and Lighting in Digital Photography , Lark Books , 2007 • Galer M. and Horvat L. , Digital Imaging Essential Skills , 3rd ed. , Elsevier , 2005 • Gatcum C. , Complete Photography , Octopus Publishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... It also provides information on digital radiography, image processing and analysis, dual-energy imaging, and partial angle imaging, of a CT system. computed tomography digital radiography dual-energy imaging film radiography partial angle imaging real-time radiography X-ray computed tomography...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Photographic Documentation Composition Field Photographic Documentation Specifications Film Photography Film Imaging Film Speed Film Emulsion Camera Accessories Camera Flashes Digital Photography Digital Imaging Image Size/Resolution File Formats Digital Cameras...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... image. A thicker part generates more scattered radiation (a component of geometric unsharpness). Most radiation detectors fall into three categories: film (analog), computed radiography (digital), and digital radiography (digital). Film is historically the most commonly used radiation detector. Film...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Keeler S.P. and Brazier W.G. , Relationship between Laboratory Material Properties and Press Shop Formability , Proceedings of Microalloy ‘75 ( New York, NY ), 1977 , p 517 – 530 13. Billur E. , Digital Image Correlation for Creating FLCs , MetalForming Magazine , Vol 54...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... setting produces an image where features become difficult to resolve Fig. 9 Illustrations depicting (a) a line scan of the electron beam across a bump, (b) the synchronous secondary electron (SE) signal intensity, and (c) pixel grayscales in the resultant digital image Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... (a) Microstructure of a hot-rolled partially recrystallized 7050 aluminum alloy containing large anisotropic recrystallized grains and unrecrystallized regions containing subgrains. In such microstructures digital image analysis is not useful for estimation of volume fraction of recrystallized regions...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... indicates regions of partial bonding with mating surface. Original magnification: 500× Fig. 4 Resonance inspection equipment Fig. 6 PCRT instrumentation and data flow Fig. 1 (a) X-ray inspection equipment. (b) Digital image of two aluminum castings showing no defects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., Strauss B.M. and Putatunda S.K. , Ed., ASTM , 1990 , p 3 – 25 31. Drury W.J. and Gokhale A.M. , Digital Profilometry of Fracture Surfaces , Quantitative Microscopy and Image Analysis , Diaz D.J. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 83 – 87 32. Dighe M.D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... The modern quantitative image analysis systems driven by personal computers can handle complex images quickly and accurately, with resolutions comparable to those of the human eye. The most economical image systems convert an analog camera signal to a digital signal through a hardware processor. Although...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., but the process is repeated with such a high frequency that the image appears to the eye in its entirely. One of the most important ideas concerned with images arises from the scanning image and digital imaging. The smallest piece of information in a scanned or digital image is contained in one picture point...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fiberscopes. Videoscopes help reduce eye fatigue. Also, there is no honeycomb pattern or irregular picture distortion as with some fiberscopes, the electronic form of the image signal allows digital image enhancement and the potential for integration with automatic inspection systems, and the display allows...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the use of CCDs as the optical sensor or the use of television signals that are converted into digital form. Optical sensors are also used in inspection applications that do not involve imaging. However, in some applications, incoherent light sources are very effective in nonimaging inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., neutron radiographic testing, x-ray diffraction Penetrating rays of x-ray, gamma rays, or neutrons passing through or reflecting from test object cast shadows or patterns on film or digital imaging plates Manufacturing, weld inspection, finding objects in closed containments, metrology of enclosed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... with fluorescent screens can vary from 20 to 1 for raw images to 1000 to 1 with digital processing and a large number of frames averaged. Image-intensifier tubes are glass-enclosed vacuum devices that convert a low-intensity x-ray image or a low-brightness fluorescent-screen image into a high-brightness...