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dieseling damage

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... result of the analysis, the damaged engine was replaced by the bolt supplier. Fig. 4 Failure of a connecting rod bolt in a diesel engine. In (a), the failed bolt is the upper one, having necked down in a nominally larger cross-sectional area. The lower bolt is another removed from the engine in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-overload fractures, impact fractures, microstructure, quench cracking, brittle-in-service failure, hydrogen embrittlement, stress-corrosion cracking, and grain-boundary cracking of tool steel components. These components include diesel engine injector plungers, rivet-heading tools, circular saw blades, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., sulfide stress-corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, and hitch post shaft failure of these steels. The components considered in the article include tail-rotor drive-pinion shafts, pinion gears, outboard-motor crankshafts, bull gears, diesel engine bearing cap bolts, splined shafts, aircraft...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... valve components, rolling elements and bearings, paper and wire manufacturing, biomedical implants, heat exchangers, adiabatic diesel engines, advanced gas turbines, and aerospace applications. advanced ceramics aerospace applications mineral processing equipment structural applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fatigue failures may occur in components subjected to fluctuating (time-dependent) loading as a result of progressive localized permanent damage described by the stages of crack initiation, cyclic crack propagation, and subsequent final fracture after a given number of load...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... impact on product quality, causes corrosion, poisons catalysts, and pollutes the air. For example, higher sulfur content in diesel fuels leads to higher emission of particulates from diesel engines. A sulfur chemiluminescence detector (SCD) can be used to determine the sulfur concentration of diesel fuel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... disrupt the metal itself. Cavitation erosion occurs typically on rotors and pumps, on the trailing faces of propellers and of water turbine blades, and on the water-cooled side of diesel engine cylinders. Damage can be reduced by operating rotary pumps at the highest possible head of pressure to avoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... fluids may include kerosene, diesel fuel, and deionized water (condensate). Coatings coming in contact with these fluids can be classified as Level I or Level III, depending upon their location in the nuclear plant complex. In the case of a PWR, a LOCA will activate containment sprays that discharge...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the final design concept. Consider, for example, the contrast in design between two four-cylinder diesel engines, one with a four-cylinder, water-cooled, cast iron block and the other with four separate, uncooled, silicon nitride cylinders. In considering the use of structural ceramics for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... universally in diesel engines, and such bearings involve an interference fit between the bearing and the housing. Due to the structural deformation of the connecting rod, fretting damage occurs at the interface of the thin-shell bearings ( Ref 8 – 11 ) ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Example of fretting and related...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... a high water table Contamination by many chemicals introduced into the soil from foreign sources can also result in coating damage ( Fig. 20 ). Petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel oil that enter the soil from leaking tanks or other adjacent pipelines can soften or dissolve both...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... significant early developments of composite automotive components ( Ref 35 ). Table 2 Use of metal-matrix composites (MMCs) in automotive applications Year Company Composite and component 1980 Toyota First commercially produced MMC diesel piston by squeeze infiltration in ceramic preform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or parties may be liable for losses, be they loss of production, property damage, injury, or fatality. The discipline has also been used effectively as a teaching tool for new or less experienced engineers. The importance and value of failure analysis to safety, reliability, performance, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... buffing and polishing compounds prior to plating operations, and cleaning greases and sludge from rebuilt components for automotive and aircraft applications. Ultrasonic cleaning is powerful enough to remove tough contaminants, yet gentle enough not to damage the substrate. It provides excellent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., it is cleaned in situ through repeated cycles of 500 eV Ar + bombardment and subsequently annealed at 700 to 1000 °C (1292 to 1832 °F) to remove the surface damage. The state of the surface is monitored by AES, LEED, and LEIS systems LEIS spectra are obtained by chopping the primary 3 keV He + or 3...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... requirements. Gray iron is used for many different types of parts in a very wide variety of machines and structures. Automotive applications include pistons, cylinders, cylinder blocks and heads for gasoline and diesel engines, brake drums and discs, and hardened iron for camshafts. The design of parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... become damaged and lead to expensive repair, making videoscopes less susceptible to breakage. While cameras themselves enhance image quality, digital features and the use of advanced technologies provide an immense upgrade of the captured image and enable the operator to manipulate the instrument and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-generation plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), pulp and paper mills, waste-incineration sites, numerous industrial chemical processes, diesel engines (power, land vehicle, and maritime), and gas turbine (land-based, marine shipboard, and aircraft). Predicting corrosion of metals and alloys or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... matrices can result in a tough ceramic material, because energy-dissipating phenomena are introduced, such as debonding at the fiber-matrix interface, crack deflection, fiber bridging, and fiber pullout. These toughening mechanisms can lead to damage-tolerant behavior, as shown in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1...