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die lubrication

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... extraction, die lubrication, insert loading, and die close. Some manual aspects of the operations together with automation options are discussed. The article describes finishing steps, such as finish trimming, detailed deflashing, shot blast cleaning, and quality checks. Automation of the postcasting process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... operations. abrasive wear adhesive wear die wear drawing dry lubrication friction liquid lubricants lubrication solid lubricants surface fatigue wear surface treatment thermal fatigue wear wear wet lubrication wire drawing DRAWING is a process by which a workpiece (wire, bar, or tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... describes the mixed-film lubrication and solid film lubrication in cold forging, as well as solid film lubrication and thick film lubrication in hot forging. The article reviews the factors affecting abrasive wear: die hardness, workpiece temperature, and lubrication and die temperature. It concludes with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract This article introduces process factors that influence die wear and lubrication for metal forming operations such as bending, spinning, stretching, deep drawing, and ironing. It discusses the effects of part shape, sheet thickness, tolerance requirements, sheet metal, and lubrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... considering normal pressure, sliding length, sliding velocity, surface expansion, and interface pressure. Fig. 5 Zone of differing lubrication conditions in deep drawing; Source: Ref 3 In the sheet metal bending process, a sheet is plastically deformed by the movement of the punch into the die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Its Application to Mr. Beauchamp Towers Experiments, Including an Experimental Determination of the Viscosity of Olive Oil , Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society of London , Vol A117 , 1886 , p 157 – 234 41. Hertz H. , Über die Berührung Fester Elastischer Körper , Journal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... copper alloys, magnesium alloys, and titanium alloys. It provides forging process variables such as stock preparation, heating and cooling of forgings, die lubrication, trimming, and cleaning of these metals and alloys. The article explains the effect of temperature, deformation rate, and die temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... lubrication in forging. It discusses the types of closed-die forgings, namely, blocker-type, conventional, and close-tolerance. The article illustrates the classification of forging shapes and explains how to predict the forging pressure and the control of die temperature during closed-die forging. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... related to lubrication, catalysis, adhesion, corrosion, wear, and fracture applications in which resultant properties are determined by the composition at the surface of the solid. These techniques can be used for analysis of powder metal surface oxides, phases, and inclusions. They can relate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Corporation. Fig. 5 Typical heating cartridge arrangement Fig. 2 Effects of compaction die temperature and compaction pressure on green density of a PM compact. RT, room temperature Fig. 1 Influence of lubricant and graphite on the pore-free density (PFD) of a powder metallurgy...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cavity and the vacuum source to avoid molten metal invading the vacuum system when terminal pressure is achieved at the end of each shot. Special nonvolatile die lubricants and practices are required that do not create undesirable cavity gases during the casting cycle. The ejection part of the cycle is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...-dependent phenomenon that primarily depends on the four components of the system: die, interface, workpiece, and processing conditions. The effect of these four components can be categorized into many process-related considerations, including die design, die material, heat treatment, lubrication, surface...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... headlight bezel. A, B, and C indicate approximate positions of thermocouples to be mounted 6.4 mm ( 1 4 in.) below the die cavity surface. Operations such as die lubrication, casting removal, and automation of the die casting process using robotics are common to hot chamber and cold chamber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... vacuum is vital for filling thin sections of (often very large) complex structural components and the complete filling of remote and isolated regions in the die cavities. Correctly utilized, and in combination with appropriate lubricants and spray practices, shot profile, etc., high-vacuum die casting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... barrier between the moving members. The Die Set Standard establishes the permissible range of clearance without adversely affecting alignment ability and defines the configuration of the lubricant-retention grooves. Guide posts and bushings are prefitted to dimensions, within tolerance, and are furnished...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003985
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forging are forge die temperature, starting stock temperature (billet or preform), strain rate, preform geometry, and billet or preform grain size. Other process considerations include forge press capability, allowable die stress, lubrication application, and forge dwell time. Preform microstructure has a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Die Materials, Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Volume 18, ASM Handbook , ASM International, 1992, p 621–648. Die casting machines are classified by the metal-pumping systems as either hot chamber or cold chamber. If the metal being cast melts at a low temperature or does not attack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0009000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., lubricants, and different sheet metals, particularly HSS and AHSS. This article describes laboratory techniques for direct measurement and quantification of die wear in verifying a proprietary die-wear predictor methodology developed by the author. The method is based on a theoretical formula (referred to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... iron phase morphological change. Strontium aluminate also forms on the surface of the alloy itself, acting as a release agent and also allowing the reduction of lubrication in die casting. Phosphorous is controlled to a maximum limit of 0.001% to make sure that strontium is not poisoned. Table 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... phase morphological change. In addition, strontium aluminate forms on the surface of the alloy itself, acting as a release agent and also allowing the reduction of lubrication in die casting. Phosphorous is controlled to maximum limit of 0.001% to make sure that strontium is not poisoned. Table 1...