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diamond-like-carbon films

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... semiconductor films to a level greater than that obtainable by diffusion-doping techniques ( Ref 80 ). Recently great progress has been made in the deposition of diamond and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings for industrial applications. Natural diamond, with its high hardness, low coefficient of friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... structure) The deposition of predominantly covalent coatings, such as silicon carbide or diamond-like carbon, causes a further complication. Because of bonding directionality, it becomes very difficult to incorporate adatoms into their correct crystallographic location at low deposition temperatures...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... titanium, SiH 4 for silicon, and C 2 H 4 for carbon, diamond-like carbon (DLC), and diamond. The chemical vapor precursor may not be completely dissociated, so that it will deposit a compound material or material that has some of the original compound-forming material in it. For example, SiH 4 can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... films to reduce absorption caused by radiation damage. Several groups are depositing diamond-like carbon (DLC) by either direct ion-beam deposition or sputter deposition of carbon in the presence of ion bombardment ( Ref 90 ). Using a Kaufman-type ion source, methane is introduced into the plasma and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is usually required after TiN deposition ( Ref 53 ). In the same field of application (surface engineering of prosthetics), amorphous diamond-like carbon (DLC or ADLC) is stimulating interest. Optimization of the wide range of properties available from these coatings is essential, and, as in DLC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... temperatures); the primary disadvantage is the strong odor (because MMA is detectable below 1 ppm in the air), despite the fact that the VOCs are very low. Acrylates, depending on the formulation, can range from hard to flexible, with chemical resistance usually following this range (like most other polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... specifications and/or industry standards. Like manufacturing, quality control of industrial painting involves the routine and systematic inspection and tests that are conducted to verify that each phase of the work (or hold point) is in compliance with the quality standards established by the specification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of the depositing film. Most reactive deposition involves a condensible species (that is, titanium, zirconium, or aluminum) and a gaseous species (O 2 , N 2 ), although some compounds of two or more condensible species can be deposited (for example, titanium and carbon). When codepositing two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...., semiconductors, metals, nitrides, and diamond-like carbon) ( Ref 13 ). The areas of application range from electronics to biology, tribology, and optics. The list of materials successfully deposited as high-quality thin films is continuously growing. In spite of its success, the technique remains primarily a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., namely mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching involved in the microstructural analysis of carbon and alloy steels, case hardening steels, cast iron, ferrous powder metallurgy alloys, wrought and cast stainless steels, tool materials, steel castings, iron-chromium-nickel heat-resistant casting alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... organic compounds ( Ref 1 ). Carbon can exist in a number of forms or allotropes, including diamond, graphite, and fullerenes. Fullerenes, which include so-called graphene, buckyballs, and carbon nanotubes, are especially important nanomaterials that are finding applications in modern coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... milling operations. Typical workpiece materials include low-carbon and alloy steels, hardened steels, stainless steels, and high-temperature nickel-base alloys. Diamond coatings, with their extremely high hardness, can provide excellent productivity in the machining of nonferrous alloys containing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... tensile forces on the thin carbon film that are usually sufficient to stretch it and possibly to produce a crack (arron B, Fig. 6 ). This can be avoided by using a relatively thin layer of plastic, thereby limiting the tensile forces, or by using the so-called wax technique. The wax technique involves...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... third data table ( Table 5 ) lists values for the standard heats and free energies of formation at 298 K (77 °F) of the compounds listed in Tables 3 and 4 , using the values given by Barin. For elements, this value is of course equal to zero, excluding metastable phases (such as diamond for carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is designed to make very precise cuts. They are smaller in size than the usual laboratory abrasive cutoff saw and use much smaller blades, typically from 7.6 to 20.3 cm (3 to 8 in.) in diameter. These blades can be of the nonconsumable type, made of copper-base alloys with diamond or cubic boron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... , 56 ) has been able to show many of the important mechanical and electrochemical factors that influence the behavior of these oxide film-covered alloys during mechanical abrasion. During scratch testing, a well-characterized stylus (diamond) is brought into contact, with a known force, with an oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... handbooks ( Ref 1 – 5 ) and NIST Standard Reference Databases 20 and 100. Fig. 7 (a) Carbon KLL Auger spectra from various forms of carbon: CO on W(112), tungsten carbide (W 2 C), graphite, and diamond. Diamond peak position may have a drift due to sample charging. Source: Ref 33 . (b) Tin MNN Auger...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surface replicas viewed in the TEM. These are carbon films deposited on the original plastic films used for replication of the fracture surface. Subsequently, the plastic is dissolved away, and the carbon replica, supported on a copper grid, is coated with gold or palladium applied at an angle to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article discusses the classifications, compositions, properties, advantages, disadvantages, limitations, and applications of the most commonly used methods for surface engineering of carbon and alloy steels. These include cleaning methods, finishing methods, conversion coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... mull is also an alternative for a grindable solid sample. The sample is ground with the mulling agent to yield a paste that is examined as a thin film between infrared-transmitting windows. As opposed to the pellet technique, mulling agents are not as hygroscopic as KBr and are less likely to react...