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deoxidation

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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 1 Deoxidation equilibria in liquid iron alloys at 1600 °C (2910 °F). The broken lines show deoxidation equilibria predicted by solubility product calculations. The solid lines show experimentally determined soluble oxygen concentrations for various deoxidants. The experimental deviation More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 37 Effects of deoxidation practice on notch toughness. Charpy V-notch impact energy varies with temperature for (a) rimmed, (b) semikilled, and (c) killed plain carbon steels. More
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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 1 Deoxidation equilibria in liquid iron alloys at 1600 °C (2910 °F). The broken lines show deoxidation equilibria predicted by solubility product calculations. The solid lines show experimentally determined soluble oxygen concentrations for various deoxidants. The experimental deviation More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 8 Deoxidation equilibria in liquid iron alloys at 1600 °C (2910 °F). Source: Ref 17 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 21 Effects of deoxidation practice on notch toughness. Charpy V-notch impact energy varies with temperature for (a) rimmed, (b) semikilled, and (c) killed plain carbon steels. More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 27 Tensile properties of cold-drawn deoxidized palladium as a function of annealing temperature. Annealing time was 5 min. More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Alloy C12200 (deoxidized high-phosphorus copper), continuously cast in a 102 mm (4 in.) diameter ingot. Top, transverse section showing radial grain growth. Bottom, longitudinal section. Dark center is columnar grains oriented along the axis of the ingot. Waterbury reagent was used More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 14 The same C12200 (deoxidized high-phosphorus copper) continuously cast alloy in a 102 mm (4 in.) diameter ingot as in Figure 13 Section taken near the ingot surface normal to the radial grain growth. The structure is coarse, unbranched dendrites. Waterbury reagent was used, which has More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 15 The same C12200 (deoxidized high-phosphorus copper) continuously cast alloy in a 102 mm (4 in.) diameter ingot as in Fig. 14 Section taken near the ingot core normal to the radial grain growth. The dendrite structure is much finer than in Fig. 14 . Waterbury reagent was used, which More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 16 Copper C12200 (deoxidized high-phosphorus copper). Internal oxidation (presence of dark dots of P 2 O 5 ). Etchant 4, Table 2 . 75× More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 26 Effect of austenite grain size on pearlite in 0.4% C aluminum deoxidized steel (0.4C-0.19Si-0.73Mn, wt%) after austenitization and isothermal transformation at 695 °C (1280 °F). (a) Austenitized at 840 °C (1550 °F) ASTM grain No. 7. (b) Austenitized at 950 °C (1740 °F), ASTM grain size More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 13 (a) (b) Structure of the surface oxide after treatment of deoxidized 2024-T3 in Alodine 2000 at 60 °C (140 °F) for 10 min followed by sealing in Deoxylyte NC 200. (b) In the Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy inset, the black is the cobalt step and the gray is cobalt and vanadium More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 22 Deoxidant efficiency in copper alloy melts. Source: Ref 19 More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 12 Effect of deoxidizers on the solubility of oxygen in liquid iron and nickel at 1600 °C (2912 °F). Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 15 Predicted 10 5 -h creep-rupture strengths of carbon steel with (a) coarse-grain deoxidation practice and (b) fine-grain deoxidation practice. Source: Ref 24 More
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Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 21 Wear of the tool rake surface after cutting different DIN CK-45 (UNS G10450) steels. (a) CaSi-deoxidized steel. Cutting time, 100 min; crater wear ratio, 0. (b) FeSi-deoxidized steel. Cutting time, 20 min; crater wear ratio, 0.28. Source: Ref 21 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... deoxidizers. The most important characteristic of copper is electrical conductivity, and considerable attention is paid to the effect of impurities on the electrical conductivity of copper. However, some elements have only a slight effect on conductivity ( Fig. 1 ), and small amounts can be added...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Converter metallurgy includes melt refinement in AOD vessels and vacuum oxygen decarburization in a converter vessel. Ladle metallurgy refers to melt treatments in a ladle refining station after melting in the furnace/converter unit. Ladle metallurgy is used for deoxidation, decarburization, and adjustment...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., deoxidation, grain refining, and filtration. The article provides a discussion on these melt treatments for group I to III alloys. It describes the three categories of furnaces for melting copper casting alloys: crucible furnaces, open-flame furnaces, and induction furnaces. The article explains the important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article addresses classifications and designations for carbon steels and low-alloy steels, particularly high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, based on chemical composition, manufacturing methods, finishing method, product form, deoxidation practice, microstructure, required...