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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the metal. Brånemark further studied animal and human subjects, and he then developed and tested pure titanium screws for dental implant fixtures. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Brånemark ( Ref 6 ) demonstrated the ability of natural bone to accept implanted titanium during its remodeling stages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... cardiovascular applications ceramics composites dental applications drug-delivery systems endovascular devices glass knee implants medical device design metals nanomaterials natural materials neurostimulation ophthalmic applications orthopedic applications polymers stem cells total hip...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metallurgy biocompatibility biomaterials dental application implant materials orthopedic application BIOMATERIALS are the man-made metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials used for intracorporeal applications in the human body. Intracorporeal uses may be for hard tissue or soft tissue replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... brief discussion on the ancient history of noble and precious metal use in dentistry is provided. The article discusses the use of direct gold dental filling materials, direct silver dental filling materials, traditional amalgam alloys, high-copper amalgam alloys, and gallium alloys in biomedical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The interaction of an implant with the human body environment may result in degradation of the implant, called corrosion. This article discusses the corrosion testing of metallic implants and implant materials. The corrosion environments for medical implants are the extracellular human...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... 7.4 0.604 0.55 Whole blood Normal 0.35 0.48 0.12 0.002 0.058 0.009 0.078 TJA 1.4 8.1 0.45 0.33 2.1 0.104 0.50 (a) Normal = subjects without any metallic prosthesis (not including dental); TJA = subjects with total joint arthroplasty. (b) Data not available. Source...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article reviews the applications of traditional glasses in architecture, transportation, construction, houseware, containers, and fibers. It also describes uses of specialty glasses for aerospace and military applications, biomedical and dental applications, chemical-resistant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the component ( Ref 6 ). There is no substantial evidence of direct bonding of bone to stainless steel or cobalt alloys; however, there is some evidence for direct bonding to titanium and its alloys when used for dental tooth implants and bone staples. It would appear that this requires an initial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... boundaries or diffusion of mercury to the grain boundaries were thought to be involved in the SCC process. Mercury also can have a deleterious effect on the fatigue life of a platinized gold casting alloy ( Ref 285 ). Yokoyama et al. ( Ref 286 ) analyzed a CP Ti screw in a dental implant system that had...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... resected mandiblel; types 316 and 316L stainless steel Fixed orthodontic appliances Correction of malocclusion by movement of teeth: components include bands, brackets, archwires, and springs; types 302, 303, 304, and 305 stainless steel Preformed dental crowns Restoration for extensive loss of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... implant material or the tissue bonded to the bioactive implant. Calcium-phosphate-base bioceramics have been in use in medicine and dentistry for nearly 30 years, as reviewed in Ref 37 , Ref 38 , Ref 39 , Ref 40 , Ref 41 , Ref 42 , Ref 43 . Applications include dental implants...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... machine tool spindles and other high-speed or high-precision equipment. Other applications include turbomolecular pumps, dental drills, and specialty instruments. Stresses in these bearings are often very high and are localized at or near the surface. The normal contact stress at the surface can be as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... plastics and their use in medical applications, including contact lenses, ocular implants, dental implants, artificial kidneys, and heart valves. The early stages of synthetic plastics for medical applications were dominated by surgeon-visionary entrepreneurs (sometimes called “surgeon heroes”) who were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... appropriate amounts of porosity and surface roughness, bone growth can occur and cementation between the bone and the HAP coating results. This material is commonly sprayed onto femoral stems, dental implants, knee implants, and acetabular caps (wherever a titanium prosthesis comes into contact with bone...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... area for cobalt-base alloy use as a biomaterial since the mid-1930s, cobalt-base alloys have also been and continue to be used in other medical and dental applications. In dentistry, cobalt-chromium alloy implants are used in maxillofacial surgery for repair of fractures and related procedures in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... gastric fluid as low as 0.8. The pH of urine ranges from 4.5 to 8.0 because of the role of the kidney in maintaining systemic pH. The pH in the microenvironment around dental caries-causing bacteria may be as low as 2.2 ( Ref 8 ). During normal fracture healing, the pH of the local tissues has been found...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... steel stent that fractured by ultrasonic cleaning-induced fatigue Fig. 15 SEM image of fatigue striations in 304 stainless steel dental wire Not all microscopic striated fracture surface features are fatigue striations. Fracture surface rubbing commonly results in parallel ridges that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... was first used in orthopedic applications in 1963 ( Ref 5 ) and later in dental applications, also in the 1960s ( Ref 6 ). Subsequent research into bioinert ceramics included experiments on porous alumina ( Ref 7 ) and the development of alumina-on-alumina hip implants ( Ref 8 ). By 1969, Larry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... suggested that an adaptive immune response to metallic implant debris (cobalt, chromium, nickel, aluminum, molybdenum, vanadium) occurs preferentially over a nonspecific immune response. Finally, titanium is also known to induce metal sensitivity in patients with dental implants, and, in one reported case...