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dent resistance

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract The automotive sheet alloy 6022 provides improved corrosion resistance, higher formability, and greater strength for dent resistance after thermal exposure compared with other automotive sheet alloys. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... for use in a variety of other applications, including truck-trailer sheet, automotive panels, and tanker sheet. Typical properties of 5182 are presented in Tables 2 and 3 . Modified tempers also have been developed to improve performance factors such as puncture resistance and dent resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... of these advantages are: Weight reductions through reduced sheet thickness Safety improvement through high crash resistance Better appearance through elevated dent resistance Better performance through increased fatigue strength Cost reduction through reduced material use due to down-gaging Cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and rigidity of the alloys more closely matches the properties of the porcelain. Also, a higher sag resistance of the alloy at temperatures used for firing the porcelain means less distortion and less retained residual stresses. Similarly, alloys used for partial denture and implant applications must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... should be established and be consistent with the inspection techniques employed during manufacture and in service.” Simple, inexpensive visual methods are preferred for in-service inspections. The AFGS 87–221 specifies the lower limit for visible damage to be a 2.5 mm deep dent or damage from a 25.4 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... The article concludes with information on various approaches that improve the contact fatigue resistance of rolling contact systems. ball bearings contact fatigue contact fatigue resistance roller bearings rolling contact bearing-life test rolling contact system statistical analysis CONTACT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and fracture surfaces have been removed. Magnetic-particle or dye-penetrant examination, particularly if a progressive cracking mechanism such as fatigue or stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) is suspected or if mechanical damage (i.e., gouging or denting) is evident Radiographic inspection of welds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... more expensive than white machining. In comparison with the presintered surface produced in white machining, there are far fewer fracture defects on the ground sintered zirconia surface, because sintered zirconia has much higher fracture toughness and resistance to machining-induced damage. Hard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... compressive load and be resistant to denting during handling. Manufacturing issues were tooling cost and springback. Table 4 lists the materials that were initially considered and their properties. The criteria are listed in Table 5 . High-priority criteria were the amount of heat transferred (thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... is stainless steel clad aluminum for automotive trim ( Fig. 8 ). The stainless steel exterior surface provides corrosion resistance, high luster, and abrasion and dent resistance, and the aluminum on the inside provides sacrificial protection for the painted auto body steel and for the stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-hardness region (b) (a) Electric flash welding, electric-resistance welding, or electric-induction welding without the addition of extraneous metals. (b) These arc a problem in gathering lines carrying sour gas (gas containing H 2 S). Causes of Preservice Test Failures As shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...: Commercial steel (QS) Drawing steel (DS) Extradeep-drawing steel (EDDS) Extradeep-drawing steel plus (EDDS+) Structural steel (SS) High-strength low-alloy steel (HSLAS) Dent-resistant steel (DR) Bake-hardenable steel (BH) Thickness of the zinc coating is typically specified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... such as operating temperature and corrosion resistance. Nominal compositions of high-carbon bearing steel Table 1 Nominal compositions of high-carbon bearing steel Grade Composition, % C Mn Si P (max) S (max) Cr Mo 100Cr6 (52100) 0.93–1.05 0.25–0.45 0.15–0.35 0.025 0.015 1.35–1.60...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... HRC. At surface-hardness values below the minimum 58 HRC, resistance to pitting fatigue is reduced, and the possibility of brinelling (denting) of bearing raceways is increased. Because hardness decreases with increasing operating temperature, the conventional materials for ball and roller...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... generator including denting, pitting, intergranular attack and IGSCC is also discussed. The article examines laboratory studies that have resulted in models and computer codes for evaluating and predicting intergranular corrosion, and considers the remedial actions for preventing or arresting intergranular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... ) for the construction of the crack growth resistance curve ( J-R curve) of polymers. Known as the normalization method, it relies on the representation of J vs Δ a ( Ref 38 – 40 ), trying to overcome some of the problems of the multi-specimen methodology, which are mainly based on uncertainties associated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 58 HRC, resistance to pitting fatigue is reduced, and the possibility of brinelling (denting) of bearing raceways is increased. Because hardness decreases with increasing operating temperature, the conventional materials for ball and roller bearings can be used only to temperatures of approximately...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... the H25 or H28 tempers to meet automotive requirements for dent and scratch resistance, but with sufficient bendability to make the required part. The alloys are mostly used today (2019) for reflector sheet, appliance trim, and lighting. Their use for lighting fixtures has been especially beneficial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the service life of the structure ( Ref 2 ). Durability also addresses such issues as corrosion resistance, fatigue, and thermal damage, which are discussed elsewhere in this Volume. The structure must have sufficient durability over its design life to meet its expected loads and environment without imposing...
Book Chapter

By John E. Moalli
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... reinforced composites generally display better fatigue resistance than glass reinforced ones; this is often attributed to the lower matrix strains in the higher-modulus carbon fiber reinforced material at a given stress level ( Ref 5 ). The time-dependent nature of extended loads must also be considered...