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dendritic microstructure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... microstructure of the growing phases (i.e., 10 −7 –10 −4 m, e.g., dendritic or eutectic patterns) and the grain structure (i.e., 10 −4 –10 −2 m, e.g., equiaxed and columnar grains). This article concentrates on these intermediate length scales, where transport phenomena govern the spatial and temporal...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of columnar and equiaxed dendritic microstructures ( Ref 24 ). In addition to the characteristics of the source, access to a high-resolution, fast-readout, low-noise charge-coupled device camera specially designed for time-resolved studies ( Ref 25 ) was critical to the outcome of the experiments...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... phase, or alternate layers of the two phases. Examples of characteristic eutectic microstructures include spheroidal, nodular, or globular; acicular (needles) or rod; and lamellar (platelets, Chinese script or dendritic, or filigreed). Each eutectic alloy has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article summarizes the general features of microstructure evolution during the thermomechanical processing (TMP) of nickel-base superalloys and the challenges posed by the modeling of such phenomena. It describes the fundamentals and implementations of various modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... are characterized by a coarse dendrite cell structure and a close-to-random texture. The microstructure contains coarse (10 to 50 μm) and inhomogeneously distributed constituent particles of various Al-Mn- and Al-Mn-Fe-Si phases. The sheet ingots are sawn at the ends and scalped to remove surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... geometrical and topological changes of large-defect ensembles during microstructural evolution (such as dendritic solidification, grain-growth and domain coarsening, dislocation network formation and coarsening, and various phase transformations) ( Ref 17 , 18 , 22 , 23 , 24 ). Their applications have...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the columnar and equiaxed microstructures. The formation of cellular and dendritic structures in one- and two-phase structures is presented with emphasis on the effect of processing conditions and composition on the selection of microstructure and microstructure scales. microsegregation...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The article provides a schematic illustration of energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscope (EDS) scattered data of solute distributions across a dendrite due to microsegregation of chromium and molybdenum. It concludes with a section on computational modeling for simulation of microsegregation of chromium...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... discusses various microgravity solidification experiments that involve pure metals, alloys, and semiconductors and presents the official NASA acronyms for them. The experiments include MEPHISTO, TEMPUS, isothermal dendritic growth experiment, and advanced gradient heating facility. crystal growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that covers nickel-base superalloys. The fractographs display the following: hydrogen-embrittlement fracture; segment of a fractured second-stage gas-turbine wheel; gas-producer turbine rotor cast; dendritic stress-rupture fracture surface...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract In order to model macrosegregation, one must consider convection and the partitioning of the segregating elements at the dendritic length scale. This article describes microsegregation with diffusion in the solid. It presents a continuum model of macrosegregation and illustrates the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Solidification is a comprehensive process of transformation of the melt of metals and alloys into a solid piece, involving formation of dendrites, segregation which involves change in composition, zone formation in final structure of the casting, and microporosity formation during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract The systematic study of microstructural evolution during deformation under hot working conditions is important in controlling processing variables to achieve dimensional accuracy. This article explains the microstructural features that need to be modeled and provides an outline of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Microstructure of Cd-20%Bi in the as-cast condition, unetched, viewed using polarized light (slightly off the crossed position) plus sensitive tint, revealing cadmium dendrites of various orientations. The interdendritic constituent is a eutectic of cadmium and bismuth, but it is too fine to resolve at this...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... relatively smooth, the particle may exhibit large spatial variations in microstructure as the solidification front changes speed across the powder due to the recalescence ( Ref 2 ). Alternatively, if solidification occurs through the propagation of a fine dendritic network across the powder, significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article reviews some concepts considered important for an understanding of processes used for preparing cobalt-chromium alloy implants, the microstructures resulting from this processing, and the resulting material properties. The review includes the solidification of alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... tool, such as virtual aluminum castings (VAC), developed and implemented for quickly developing durable cast aluminum power train components. It describes the procedures for the model development of the VAC system. These procedures include linking the manufacturing process to microstructure, linking...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... forced to assume a preferred orientation as they align parallel to the dendrite arms. Both types D and E graphite develop in irons containing sufficient silicon to inhibit carbide eutectic formation. The result is that portions of the microstructure are devoid of flake graphite. This type of iron is...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... –10 −9 m) to the casting dimensions, i.e. the macroscopic scale, (10 −2 –1 m). Intermediate length scales are used to define the microstructure of the growing phases (i.e., 10 −7 –10 −4 m, e.g., dendritic or eutectic patterns) and the grain structure (i.e., 10 −4 –10 −2 m, e.g., equiaxed and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... strength. It illustrates microstructural formation of semisolids, under forced convection. The article concludes with an illustration that compares two SSM processes, namely, thixocasting and rheocasting. microstructual formation rheocasting semisolid metal processing thixocasting viscosity...