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deep drawing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... article also provides formulas for flat rolling, conical-die extrusion, wire drawing, deep drawing of cups from sheet metal, and bending, and formulas for anisotropic sheet materials. bending conical-die extrusion deep drawing flat rolling sheet metal forming strain strain rate stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nonferrous metals. The article reviews the various types of forming processes such as blanking, piercing, fine-edge blanking, press bending, press forming, forming by multiple-slide machines, deep drawing, stretch forming, spinning, rubber-pad forming, three-roll forming, contour roll forming, drop hammer...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account on forming operations (blanking, piercing, press-brake forming, contour rolling, deep drawing, cold forming, and hot forming) of various nonferrous metals, including aluminum alloys, beryllium, copper and its alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and dies in tandem In a typical application, a relatively thick-wall cup is first produced by extrusion or deep drawing. The wall thickness of this cup is then reduced by tandem ironing with a cylindrical punch, while the internal diameter remains unchanged. Hot and cold ironing both produce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... flow from one grain to another (orange peel). In any case, the cross-hatched cracking shown in Fig. 3 is developed. In drawing of refractory metals, such as tungsten, deep longitudinal surface cracking or “splitting” is often observed. A “split” induced by indentation is shown in Fig. 4 ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... should be held to a minimum, and long transfer times after the anodic etch should be avoided. Cold rolled steel that has been subjected to deep drawing and certain prepickled hot rolled steels with glazed brownish-colored surfaces may be exceedingly difficult to clean. For these materials, a solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... relatively old and had served its useful period; replacement was timely and due. Corrosion form and mechanism Underdeposit and waterline attack Material Galvanized steel Product form Piling for canal bank Fig. 27 Deep pitting attack was discovered on steel bolts used to retain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... (f) Neutral emulsion or solvent should be used before manganese phosphating. (g) Reverse-current cleaning may be necessary to remove chips from parts having deep recesses. (h) For cyanide plating, acid dip and water rinse are followed by alkaline and water rinses. (i) Other preferences...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the various components of a cold-heading machine and the tools used in the cold heading process. These include headers, transfer headers, bolt makers, nut formers, and parts formers. The article explains the operations required for preparing stock for cold heading, including heat treating, drawing to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of formulas, tables, and analytical solutions, addressing hundreds of heat-transfer scenarios encountered in science and engineering. With detailed explanations and dimensioned drawings, the article demonstrates how to set up and solve real...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steels for various methods of forming Steel 0.2% yield strength Suitability for: MPa ksi Blanking Piercing Press-brake forming Deep drawing Spinning Roll forming Coining Embossing Austenitic steels 201 380 55 B C B A-B C-D B B-C B-C 202 380 55 B B A A B-C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... minimize material distribution problems. Thin spots may be too weak; thick portions cool slowly and may waste material. Sharp corners and deep-draw portions of the mold, for example, cause thinning of the material, as shown in Fig. 9 . Mold venting and proper mold parting line design can help material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... the unknown constant determined by the stress compatibility at the interface of these zones. This approach has been extended to other steady-state metalforming problems, such as rod drawing, tube drawing, plane-strain rolling (bloom, slab, or strip), and plane-strain strip deep drawing (sheet forming...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... deep-drawn parts and other parts requiring severe deformation. When the deformation is particularly severe or resistance to stretcher strains is required, drawing quality, special killed (DQSK) is specified. Structural quality (SQ), formerly called physical quality (PQ), is applicable when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... of the deformation during processing of metallic materials. This article examines traditional deformation processes and gives consideration to the effects introduced by scale factors when microforming. Whether it is modeling of turning or forging, deep drawing or rolling, in cold or hot conditions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... manufacturing method to produce items such as tanks or containers with relatively uniform wall thickness. It has the unique ability to produce uniform walls even when the part has a deep draw off the parting line or has small radii, because the liquid or powdered plastic flows freely into corners or other deep...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Hardening response Amount of distortion (a) Resistance to cracking Approximate hardness (b) , HRC Machinability Toughness Resistance to softening Resistance to wear Molybdenum high-speed steels M1 Low Deep A or S, low; O, medium Medium 60–65 Medium Low Very high Very high M2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... against mold cavity surface. Source: Ref 1 Vacuum snapback thermoforming has proved to be a reliable method for producing items with external deep draws, such as auto parts and luggage ( Fig. 6 ), and it works well with medium-gage to heavy-gage material. First, the sheet is clamped over the...