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By Alan Blair
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electroplated silver is used in both decorative and functional applications, such as engineering and electrical/electronic applications. This article explains the solution formulations and specifications of electrolytes used in silver plating. decorative applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the decorative and engineering applications of brass and bronze plating. The article also provides information on the treatment of waste water from brass and bronze plating operations. brass plating bronze plating copper alloy plating decorative applications electroplated coatings engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as its low price relative to the other PGMs provides impetus for its application. Despite extensive research work on electroplating of ruthenium, it has obtained a small market share in only two areas: for decorative applications such as eyeglass frames and for layers on electrical contacts used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... machinability, weldability, and an attractive appearance whether as-cast, machined, polished, or anodized. They are often used in architectural and other decorative applications. Alloy composition limits Table 1 Alloy composition limits Element Alloy (UNS) 511.0 (A05110) 512.0 (A05120) 513.0...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Electroplating of nonconductors has been practiced nearly as long as electroplating itself ( Ref 1 ). In the earliest applications, nonconductors were plated for artistic or decorative purposes. Since adhesion was poor, thick metallic deposits that completely encapsulated the substrate were required. A wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and industrial applications of gold plating. The article reviews factors affecting the dragout of gold solution. decorative plating electrolytes gold plating industrial gold plating GOLD PLATING is similar to other metal plating in most chemical and electrochemical ways. Gold differs from other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of electroless copper in various applications. This article provides information on the bath chemistry and deposit properties of electroless copper and discusses the applications of electroless copper plating, such as printed wiring boards, decorative plating-on-plastic, electromagnetic interference shielding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of the plating solution. Decorative applications account for about 80% of the nickel consumed in plating; 20% is consumed for engineering and electroforming purposes. Autocatalytic (electroless) nickel plating processes are commercially important but are outside the scope of this section. The annual worldwide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... brass electrical contacts on alkaline batteries. Cosmetic or Decorative Applications Cosmetic or decorative applications involve parts that range in size from jewelry to large exterior structural domes and lobby interiors. Corrosion Protection Applications Corrosion protection applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Painting is a generic term for the application of a thin organic coating to the surface of a material for decorative, protective, or functional purposes. This article provides a detailed account of the types and selection factors of paints and the various application methods, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... for corrosion and decorative areas, and some plastics. This article discusses the formulation basics of polyurea technology and compares the technology to that of polyurethane and polyurethane/polyurea systems. It addresses performance issues and describes application processing considerations and safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to 154 MN/m 2 (13,500 to 22,400 psi). Increasing pH from 2.8 to 4.5 raises stress from 17.5 to 230 MN/m 2 (2500 to 33,600 psi) ( Ref 4 ). Magnetic Properties Magnetic properties of nickel-iron are not important in the application of bright decorative coatings. Similar alloys are, however...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... transport from the source to the substrate Condensation of the vapors followed by film nucleation and growth The PVD process produces coatings for a range of applications including electronics, optics, decoration, and corrosion and wear prevention. Only engineering uses—that is, corrosion- and wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... anhydride to sulfate is within optimum limits for the application. Most decorative chromium is deposited within these operating limits: Chromic anhydride, 200 to 400 g/L (27 to 54 oz/gal) Chromic anhydride-to-sulfate ratio, 80:1 to 125:1 Cathode current density, 810 to 1880 A/m 2 (75 to 175...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of glass products, including forming, grinding and polishing, and explores the advantages, disadvantages and steps involved in sol-gel process. It also discusses the types, processes and properties of annealed, laminated, and tempered glass, and presents the steps involved in glass decoration. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... glazes. The article provides information on the classification of pigments and the applications of ceramic coatings for decorations on ceramic and glass surfaces. ceramic coatings ceramic decorations ceramic substrates enamel coatings glass substrates glazes lead-containing glazes leadless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract This article describes the zinc and zinc alloys for decorative and functional applications. It focuses on the types of zinc coatings, namely, hot dip galvanizing, electrogalvanizing, metallizing, and mechanical galvanizing. The article covers the uses of zinc alloy castings, including...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... adhesion unless glow-discharge cleaning is used (glow-discharge cleaning removes surface atoms from the substrate). Evaporation is very successful in applications in which adhesion and good structure are not critical, such as decorative and optical uses. Aluminum is the principal evaporation material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... applications. FeCrNiB alloy coatings and high performance ceramic, cermet, and metallic coatings are common examples. Materials such as copper, aluminum bronze, and phosphor bronze are used in finishing or decorative applications. Because these coatings do not galvanically protect steel, they must...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of duplex, microcracked, and crack-free applications, specialized bath compositions and operating conditions have come into use. Many of these, however, are either proprietary or are not subjects of general agreement. Table 6 provides information for a general decorative chromium-plating bath and a bright...