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decision making

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract Concurrent engineering is product development that is done by concurrently utilizing all of the relevant information in making each decision. This article discusses the three aspects that must be taken into account for all product development decisions. The aspects include...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The methods include the Pugh method, the Dominic method, and the Pahl and Beitz method. The article discusses the three important concepts in decision making: alternatives (candidate materials), criteria (objectives), and weighting factors. decision making decision matrix methods Dominic method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... analysis applications that do not use chromatographic separation to physically isolate components of the sample prior to analysis. It is intended to provide an understanding of gas analysis instrumentation and terminology that will help make informed decisions in choosing an instrument and methodology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract Machining tribology poses a significant challenge due to the multiple parameters that must be simultaneously considered to arrive at a cost-minimized solution in production. This article provides information required to make informed decisions about machining parameters...
Book Chapter

By S.C. Lim
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the usefulness of wear maps and explains how to construct a proper wear map from scratch and effectively employ such a map to make important design decisions for a particular tribological situation. It discusses three categories of wear-data presentation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002446
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and provides some background on how these algorithms make decisions when searching for the optimal design. It also provides information on structural optimization, topology optimization, materials processing optimization, multidisciplinary optimization, and global optimization. design optimization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., or field service. These teams cut across traditional organizational boundaries, thus changing traditional reporting and decision-making relationships. Team members often report to the team leader for the duration of the project and are physically located together (co-located). Although...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... complex of the three required elements. Human performance can be affected by a range of conditions that are internal to the individual and have no reference to the activity or context. The designer must understand potential areas of deficiencies in people and account for them when making design decisions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... interaction and improve product safety. The field encompasses bodies of science including but not limited to: Perception of visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, and multisensory stimuli Visibility and contrast Expectations and familiarity and their effects on decision making Risk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., shows that LCA can produce some fairly pragmatic tools for decision making. Longer term, the prospects for LCA are exciting. Within a few years, product designers worldwide may be working with “laptop LCAs”—small, powerful systems networked with larger data bases and able to steer users rapidly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in the choice of materials in order to protect patient health.” Risk assessment, as explained in ISO 10993-17, is really a decision-making tool that has evolved over time. Manufacturers and processors may use derived allowable limits to aid in choosing the most appropriate material for a particular medical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... about the person making the prediction than about any expected future. Decision makers, such as designers, cannot simply accept the validity of the predictions of the various experts, but must examine the logic, the assumptions and presumptions, to make their own evaluation and conclusions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is a single component, is what allows people at all levels of an organization to make better decisions in time frames stretching from momentary to career long. There are many books now available that have exercises that help the reader to restructure knowledge into a more useful and accessible form (see...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... people at all levels of an organization to make better decisions in time frames stretching from momentary to career-long. There are many books available that contain exercises to help restructure knowledge into a more useful and accessible form (see, for example, titles in the Selected References list...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., economic considerations are generally the overriding constraint in manufacturing decision making. The costs of energy, material, purchased components, labor, tooling, and capital equipment must be minimized and properly controlled if the firm is to make a profit. Producing and selling products is generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to the information content of the design is a decision based on evaluation results. Some say, therefore, that design is decision making. This statement is true to some extent, but it does not illuminate how design decisions are made. They are made by guided iteration. That is, the additional information needed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... their utility for product design. Both the concept of machine rent and variable burden imply that aggregating costs that are otherwise difficult to apportion correctly will still yield cost estimates that can be used to make economic decisions. However, these gross measures of cost essentially assume that all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and other testing often is done at this stage. Methods for making this detailed evaluation are discussed in the articles “Performance Indices” and “Decision Matrices in Materials Selection” in this Volume. Develop design data and/or a design specification. Step 4 results in the selection of a single...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... in the wear models With this expertise in place, the testing program can begin. Test Plan Objectives There are global and local objectives that must be dealt with. The global concern often comes from management, who have decisions to make that require tool wear data. Only two objectives...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to make geometry decisions that reduce cost. For example, both tooling cost and production cost will be reduced by selecting the parting plane early in the design and then creating geometry that minimizes the number of undercuts and other features that must be cored. Locating riser and gate contacts...