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data reduction

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... by a discussion on the use of synchrotron radiation as an X-ray source for EXAFS. Data-reduction procedures used to extract EXAFS signals are then described. The article also provides information on the analysis of x-ray absorption near-edge structure spectrum and ends with a discussion on the unique...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and free software exist for data reduction, conversion, and processing. A powder pattern from a single-phase material will have maxima at positions dictated by the size and shape of its unit cell and will increase in complexity as the symmetry of the material decreases. For example, many metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... strengthening grain size reduction atomistic modeling dislocations cast aluminum data-mining technique TENSILE PROPERTIES OF METALLIC MATERIALS are characterized by the elastic modulus (i.e., Young's modulus) exhibited by a material prior to the formation of a permanent set, the yield stress, ultimate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article describes the fundamental concepts of heat treatment simulation, including the physical events and their interactions, the heat treatment simulation software, and the commonly used simulation strategies. It summarizes material data needed for heat treatment simulations and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... quenching to 7050 die forgings using a proprietary quenchant, and this permitted a significant reduction in the complexity of finish machining ( Ref 55 ). A summary of the quantitative reductions in residual stress as described in the literature is presented in Table 2 . Only very limited data exist that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ). Experimentally measured data, such as the roll-separating forces, torques, and forward slip, coupled with finite-element analysis led to the determination of the friction coefficient. They found that the friction coefficient increases with increasing reduction and decreasing temperature; it also increased with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Generally, an improvement in fatigue properties and a reduction in the scatter of fatigue data is achieved through HIP ( Fig. 6 ). Castings of alloys such as Ti-6Al-4V will generally have static and fatigue properties lower than wrought products. Fracture properties, such as fracture toughness, fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... reduction resulted in a finer surface finish on the inside diameter. These data were obtained from several different tube materials. Starting material was as-received seamless tubing that was pickled and as-welded tubing. This accounts for the range of finish on the inside diameter before swaging. There...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnace can vary from 450 to 91,000 kg (0.5 to 100 tons) or larger. Typical furnace data are given in Table 2 . Table 2 Typical dimensions and capacities of foundry-sized electric arc furnace components Refractory Shell dimensions (inside) Dimensions Liquid metal capacity Diameter...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for the press-brake forming of refractory metal sheet 0.5 to 1.3 mm (0.020 to 0.050 in.) thick Metal or alloy Forming temperature, °C (°F) Minimum bend radius (a) Springback, degrees Test data Preferred Niobium alloys (annealed) C-103 (Nb-10Hf-1Ti), C-129Y (Nb-10Hf-10W) Room...
Book Chapter

By Erhard Klar
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Compressibility curves for various metal powders. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 4 Effect of residual carbon content on compressibility and green strength of water-atomized high carbon iron. Pressed at 550 MPa (40 tsi) with 1% zinc stearate admixed. Symbols represent experimental data points. Source: Ref 5...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., separators, and flotation devices that are used for particle size reduction, separation of particles according to their settling rates in fluids and dewatering of concentrate particles. It explains the basic principles, flow diagrams, ore concentrate preparation methods, and equipment of major types of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... time needed to conduct a single test may be longer than in the Gleeble test method. Experience has indicated that the qualitative ratings given in Table 1 for hot ductility as a function of Gleeble reduction-of-area data can be used to predict hot workability, select hot-working temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., namely, facility-specific, industry-specific, coating-type-specific, or a combination of these. It describes the standard laboratory tests used to generate performance data, namely, physical, compositional, chemical exposure, and application characteristics tests. The pros and cons of using manufacturer...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article provides crystallographic and engineering data for single oxide ceramics, zirconia, silicates, mullite, spinels, perovskites, borides, carbides, silicon carbide, boron carbide, tungsten carbide, silicon-nitride ceramics, diamond, and graphite. It includes data on crystal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... systems must be able to adjust the flow of gases for process optimization. The operator interface of a furnace-control system displays critical information such as the furnace temperature, atmosphere status, alarms, electronic chart recorders, recipe, and maintenance. A supervisory control and data...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...). (h) Tempered at 695 °C (1280 °F). (i) Tempered at 715 °C (1320 °F) Table 2 Mechanical property data for P/F-4200 materials Forging mode Carbon % Oxygen, ppm Ultimate tensile strength 0.2% offset yield strength Elongation in 25 mm (1 in.), % Reduction of area, % Core...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-relaxation behavior in bending for highly cold-worked C51000 strip. Data are for 5% Sn phosphor bronze cold rolled 93% (reduction in area) to 0.25 mm (0.01 in.) and heat treated 2 h at 260 °C (500 °F). Graphs at left are for stress relaxation transverse to the rolling direction; graphs at right, for stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... significantly reduced in comparison with the original quenched-in residual stresses, as verified through the experimentally measured data presented in the example ( Fig. 10c ). Fig. 11 Schematic of the principles of stress-leveling method of residual-stress reduction Aging after stress leveling did...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Quantifying microstructural parameters has received considerable attention and success in developing procedures and using such data to develop structure/property relationships has been achieved. This article reviews many of the simple stereological counting measurements of volume...