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damage tolerance criterion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... tests in order to establish a reliable set of composite damage tolerance allowables. Varying parameters of thickness and stacking sequence are necessary, as is the establishment of maximum impact energy before damage is visible. If, for example, a criterion of visibility at 1.5 m (5 ft) is desired...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... growth curve calculated in the damage tolerance analysis and the applicable inspection parameters to the probability of detection curve are provided as input. Typical computer results are shown in Fig. 9(a) and 9(b) for the two crack propagation curves in Fig. 10 . The criterion I = H /2 would...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract Damage tolerance is a philosophy used for maintaining the structural safety of commercial transport aircrafts. This article describes the structural evaluations necessary to comply with the regulations contained in the Federal Air worthiness Requirements 25.571 whose guidance is given...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract Damage tolerance analysis consists of three parts such as the calculation of the residual strength diagram to obtain the permissible crack size, calculation of the crack growth curve, and calculation of the inspection interval. This article discusses the aspects of obtaining material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fluctuations. This article begins with an overview of fatigue properties and design life. This is followed by a description of the two approaches to fatigue, namely infinite-life criterion and finite-life criterion, along with information on damage tolerance criterion. The article then discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... This article presents three general approaches to fatigue design, with a discussion on their respective attributes. These include infinite-life criterion, finite-life criterion, and damage tolerant criterion. The article describes the individual property requirements of these approaches. It also presents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract The inclusion of damage tolerance design and a systematic review of design procedures allow the U.S. Air Force to design, manufacture, and maintain systems that are structurally safe and economically prudent. After a brief introduction of fracture mechanics, this article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract This article presents the damage tolerance criteria for military composite aircraft structures to safely operate the structures with initial defects or in-service damage. It describes the effects of defects, such as wrinkles in aircraft structures, and the reduction in compressive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... needed to describe crack-tip inelasticity. It demonstrates the effects of inelasticity on crack-tip stress fields and addresses the environmental degradation effects on damage tolerance. continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites mechanical loading inelastic deformation crack-tip stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... propagation in different environments. The article concludes with a discussion on rolling-contact fatigue, macropitting, micropitting, and subcase fatigue. corrosion fatigue crack growth crack initiation damage tolerance criterion fatigue fracture fatigue strength fatigue-crack propagation finite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... fracture linear elastic fracture mechanics plastic fracture mechanics residual strength tensile test COMPLETE DAMAGE TOLERANCE ANALYSIS requires calculation of both the fatigue crack growth curve and the residual strength diagram. Calculation of the complete residual strength diagram is needed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides information on life assessment strategies and conceptually illustrates the interplay of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and fracture mechanics in the damage tolerant approach. It presents information on probability of detection (POD) and probability of false alarm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...-element study that the Cockcroft-Latham criterion provided the best predictive capability. The Cockcroft-Latham n, by integrating the tensile plastic work over the entire metalworking process, accumulates the damage done to the microstructure (microvoid formation, void growth and coalescence) by tensile...
Book Chapter

By Frank K. Ko
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-controlled braiding in a table. A tabulation of applications of braided fabrics and composites is also provided. The article discusses the formation, structure, and properties, such as damage tolerance and impact damage limitation, of two-dimensional braid composites and three-dimensional braid composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., is the “inspectable” (i.e., detectable) flaw size. The inspectable flaw size is the flaw size that can be detected with a specific probability and confidence. The USAF uses 90% probability and 95% confidence for its inspectable-flaw criterion. For the case of fatigue, the damage tolerant approach, which has found...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... It summarizes the linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) concepts for explaining the application of LEFM in damage tolerance analysis. The article exemplifies operating stress maps in a variety of applications. corrosion fatigue damage tolerance analysis fatigue crack growth linear elastic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... properties and damage tolerance of fiber-metal laminates such as ARALL and GLARE laminates. The article concludes with a discussion on the effects of fatigue on notched and unnotched specimens. ARALL laminates composite laminates damage tolerance delamination fatigue behavior fatigue data analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-dimensional effects associated with load redistribution around flaws and with damage tolerance. The elastic-isotropic geometric stress-concentration factors and empirically established correlation factors of mechanically fastened joints are discussed. The article explains the identification of optimal joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... damage. In any event, the ability to tolerate further load application is very dependent on the application. It is far more likely to be permissible for structures subjected to only single monotonic loads than for structures like those in aircraft. In aircraft, many different loads can be applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract Machining or material removal processes are secondary manufacturing operations that are used to achieve precise tolerances or to impart controlled surface finishes to a part. This article summarizes rules for designing parts to improve machined part quality and reduce machining costs...