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cylindrical specimen

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... geometries include rectangular plate specimens, cruciform specimens, compact tension shear specimens, compact shear specimens, mode II crack growth specimen, circumferentially notched cylindrical specimens, tubular specimens containing a slit, and solid cylindrical specimens containing a small hole or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract A cylindrical specimen compressed with friction at the die surfaces does not remain cylindrical in shape but becomes bulged or barreled. Tensile stresses associated with the bulging surface make the upset test a candidate for workability testing. This article discusses test-specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... within the component. In other words, a transverse specimen cut from a hollow cylindrical part that has an elliptical or oval cross section will have an apparently varying wall thickness, even if the wall thickness itself is uniform. Likewise, a uniformly case-hardened cylindrical part will appear to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compression test strain rate THE UTILITY OF THE COMPRESSION TEST in workability studies is shown in other articles in this Volume. A cylindrical specimen is relatively easy to prepare, and loading in compression simplifies the design of grips. Moreover, the absence of necking, as occurs in a tension test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and fracture. Next, the mechanisms of void nucleation and void coalescence are briefly described. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are then discussed for various specimen geometries (smooth cylindrical and prismatic) and loading conditions (e.g., tension...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Thread rolling is a cold-forming process for producing threads or other helical or annular forms by rolling the impression of hardened steel dies into the surface of a cylindrical or conical blank. Methods that use cylindrical dies are classified as radial infeed, tangential feed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... cylindrical mold of plastic, mechanical mounting is still an effective method. It is quick, provides excellent edge retention, and does not require any special equipment other than a clamp, vise, and screwdriver. Clamps provide very good edge retention because the specimens are directly against the clamp and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... discusses the effects of impurities, hydrogen, and surface roughness on cracking. The article exemplifies simulation works applied to several successful cracking tests on cylindrical and complex-shaped steel parts. bearing steel chemical composition circumferential cracks cylindrical specimen heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... aspects of testing. This standard provides guidance in the conduct of tests for flat and cylindrical specimens as well as those having irregular surfaces, such as weldments. It also reviews evaluation and reporting considerations. Importantly, Ref 3 points out that the occurrence or absence of crevice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... analysis technique in which the length of a specimen is precisely measured versus temperature and time as the specimen is subjected to controlled heating and cooling. The most common form of TMA is dilatometry, where a cylindrical specimen is under light compression as its coefficient of linear thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... various orientations for a double-cantilever-beam (DCB) specimen. Fig. 2 Fracture plane identification. L, direction of grain flow; T, transverse grain direction; S, short transverse grain direction; C, chord of cylindrical cross section; R, radius of cylindrical cross section; first letter, normal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... behavior in cylindrical pressure vessels and piping. Charpy testing requires good calibration methods. Machine belting should be examined regularly for looseness, and broken specimens should be examined for unusual side markings. Anvils should also be examined for wear. Once the equipment has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... (8 by 8 in.), size ranged downward to 25 mm (1 in.) bar stock, and for stock over 200 by 200 mm (8 by 8 in.), the maximum was 300 by 350 mm (12 by 14 in.). Test specimens were cut from designated locations: longitudinal near surface; transverse at “mid-radius,” halfway from center to outside; and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... tensile-test elongation or reduction of area ( Ref 13 ). The derivation of the two relevant bend-ductility equations from Ref 13 (adapted here) assumes the following: The fracture strain at the outer fiber of a bending specimen equals the fracture strain on a tensile specimen. The materials are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... high-speed whirl-induced rubbing. The tests were performed with a variety of imposed loads, temperatures, and ambient atmospheric conditions. Of the 36 combinations of materials investigated, by far the best performance was exhibited by aluminum oxide (alumina) against itself. The best specimens showed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews the factors that have a significant effect on the selection and interpretation of results of different hardness tests, namely, Brinell, Rockwell, Vickers, and Knoop tests. The factors concerned include hardness level (and scale limitations), specimen thickness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract A characteristic feature of bending is the inhomogeneous (nonuniform) nature of the deformation. Therefore, in a bent specimen, the strain and stress at a given point are dependent on the location of the point with respect to the neutral axis of the cross-sectional area of the specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... specimens specified in ASTM C 1273 “Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Monolithic Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures” ( Ref 69 ) are allowed. These include a variety of cylindrical button-head specimens, pin-loaded dog-bone specimens, and shoulder-loaded dog-bone specimens. The standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... stress is estimated using a ring outside diameter measured at the root of the notch and by taking into consideration the stress- concentration factor, K t , for the specific notch. O-ring specimens ( Fig. 12 ) are used to develop a hoop stress in a particular part—for example, a cylindrical die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of fixture and test procedure. 2 Wyoming-modified Celanese Cone grips replaced by tapered cylindrical grips. Post and bearing alignment replaces sleeve. Reduced fixture cost. Wider specimen 1 IITRI (Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute) (ASTM D 3410) An ASTM standard since...