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cylindrical pressure vessels

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 21 Large enclosed cylindrical pressure vessel that failed by SCC because of caustic embrittlement by potassium hydroxide. (a) View of vessel before failure and details of nozzle and tray support. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Micrograph showing corrosion pits at edge of fracture surface More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 85 Large enclosed cylindrical pressure vessel that failed by stress-corrosion cracking because of caustic embrittlement by potassium hydroxide. (a) View of vessel before failure and details of nozzle and tray support (dimensions given in inches). (b) Corrosion pits at edge of fracture More
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 20 Stresses in the wall of a cylindrical pressure vessel More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...(85)90061-4 27. Hahn G.T. , Sarrate M. , and Rosenfield A.R. , Criteria for Crack Extension in Cylindrical Pressure Vessels , Int. J. Fract. Mech. , Vol 8 , 1969 , p 187 – 210 10.1007/BF00184612 28. Eiber R.J. et al. , “Investigations of the Initiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses pressure vessels, piping, and associated pressure-boundary items of the types used in nuclear and conventional power plants, refineries, and chemical-processing plants. It begins by explaining the necessity of conducting a failure analysis, followed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Testing A simple method used to leak test small vessels pressurized with any gas is to submerge them in a liquid and observe for bubbles. If the test vessel is sealed at atmospheric pressure, a pressure differential can be obtained by pumping a partial vacuum over the liquid and by heating the liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... for curing. It presents a discussion on the major elements of an autoclave system, namely, pressure vessel, gas stream heating and circulation sources, gas stream pressurizing systems, loading systems, and vacuum systems. The article describes a computerized approach to the simultaneous control of materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
..., and different subsystems to support the process. The pressure vessel and furnace are typically vertical and cylindrical, creating a cylindrical hot zone for processing parts. All commercial HIP units today (2019) are cold-wall type; the furnace for heating the material is inside the pressure vessel for internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... a water-cooled pressure vessel. Figure 4 shows the pressure vessel linked to a vacuum system, a gas-supply/pressurization system, water cooling, and electrical power. Within the HIP unit itself, the core of the unit contains the material to be HIPed and the support tooling or container that holds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are provided. Finally, the article presents practical fatigue assessment case studies of in-service equipment (pressure vessels) that employ DBA methods. damage tolerance design analysis fatigue damage mitigation fatigue life assessment fracture mechanics pressure vessels welds FATIGUE FAILURE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is that it is limited to horizontal winding operations. Shapes Filament-wound shapes generally include cylindrical, spherical, conical, or dome-end configurations. These bodies of revolution best exploit the advantages of high-speed winding. Typical aerospace products include rocket motor cases, pressure vessels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... (trademark of ABP Induction Systems) pouring device illustrated in Fig. 8 ( Ref 5 , 6 ). The form of the pressure-tight vessel and its refractory lining has been designed for the best possible relationship between total and utility capacity. Thus, despite the siphon principle, only a relatively small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... THAT INVOLVE FLAMMABLE AND EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS are used in various chemical, refining, and process facilities. For example, failure due to a leak, internal explosion, overpressurization, or detonation of a storage tank, pressure vessel, or piping containing combustible products can result in blast damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... or thick-walled structures, particularly structures of revolution such as cylinders or pressure vessels, are most easily wound. Fig. 4 Complex winding patterns for the V-22 grip assembly. Courtesy of McClean Anderson, Inc. Fig. 5 In situ reentrant filament-wound joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... failure investigation and life assessment. Pressure vessel design parameters Table 2 Pressure vessel design parameters Required design code (a) Penetration and location requirements Basic chamber configuration (cylindrical or spherical; flat, spherical, or elliptical end details...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... requirements Basic chamber configuration. (Cylindrical or spherical; flat, spherical, or elliptical end details; etc.) Contents and/or process within the pressure vessel Internal volume capacity Estimated operational pressure and temperature cycle history (number of cycles at what pressures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... stainless steel vessel cylindrical section, which has a longitudinal seam weld. The vessel contains an innocuous liquid at room temperature. The vessel outer diameter (2 R o ) is 96 in. (2440 mm) with a 0.25 in. (6.35 mm) wall thickness. With an operating pressure ( P ) of 50 psig (345 kPa) the wall...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... a bolt clamping a cap to a pressure vessel, excessive elastic change in length of the bolt under load might allow leakage through a gasket between the cap and vessel. Elastic change in length occurs when an axial load is applied to the bar and is given by: (Eq 4) Δ L = ε L where Δ L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the aspects associated with inspection related to pressure vessels and pipework. These aspects include inspection policy, inspection planning and procedures, inspection strategy, inspection methodology, preparation for inspection, invasive inspection...