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cylindrical compression test

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article describes the use of compression tests, namely, cylindrical compression, ring compression, and plane-strain compression tests at elevated temperatures. It discusses the effects of the temperature, strain rate, and deformation heating on metals during the cylindrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract A cylindrical specimen compressed with friction at the die surfaces does not remain cylindrical in shape but becomes bulged or barreled. Tensile stresses associated with the bulging surface make the upset test a candidate for workability testing. This article discusses test-specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... L / D ratios. By plotting the surface strains at fracture for each condition, a fracture strain locus can be generated representing the workability of the material. Figure 8 illustrates such a fracture locus. Modifications of the cylindrical compression-test specimen geometry have been used to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews high strain rate compression and tension test methods with a focus on the general principles, advantages, and limitations of each test method. The compression test methods are cam plastometer test, drop tower compression test, the Hopkinson bar in compression, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article emphasizes short-term tension and compression testing of metals at high temperatures. It describes the effect of temperature on deformation and strain hardening, occurrence of high-temperature creep in structural alloys, and the performing of mechanical testing for high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article introduces the principal methodologies and some technologies that are being applied for nondestructive evaluation of composite materials. These include ultrasonic testing (UT), air-coupled UT, laser UT, ultrasonic spectroscopy, leaky lamb wave method, acousto...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... necking, which prematurely limits or obscures the strain to which the specimen may be deformed. Elevated-temperature tensile testing is often used to assess superplasticity by determining the uniform deformation up to necking. Uniaxial compression of cylindrical specimens is another test by which the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... commonly used. In the closed-loop type of testing machine, torsion and tension-compression can be loaded independently in phase or out of phase. Figure 5 shows a biaxial fatigue testing machine of this type. Figure 6 shows the extensometer used to measure axial and angular displacement. A cylindrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... is present at the die contact surfaces, bulging occurs, and the strain path curves upward, as shown in Fig. 19 . Fig. 19 (a) Localized strains on the bulging cylindrical surface of a compression test specimen. (b) Variation of strains with aspect ratio ( h/D ) of specimen and friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Abstract This article describes several factors, which help in determining the compressibility of metal powders: particle shape, density, composition, hardness, particle size, lubrication, and compacting. It discusses the uses of annealing metal powders and describes compressibility testing of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...-crevice assembly tests, cylindrical materials and products evaluation, component testing, electrochemical tests, and mathematical modeling. crevice corrosion localized corrosion multiple-crevice assembly testing cylindrical material component testing electrochemical testing mathematical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... testing, see Ref 25 . Fig. 16 Notched and unnotched tensile properties of an alloy steel as a function of tempering temperature. Source: Ref 24 The compression test consists of deforming a cylindrical specimen to produce a thinner cylinder of larger diameter (upsetting). The compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... provides information on the specimen preparation, instrumentation, and procedures for various mechanical test methods of fiber-reinforced composites. These include the compression test, flexure test, shear test, open hole tension test, and compression after impact test. The article describes three distinct...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of plastics include the short-term tensile test, the compressive strength test, the flexural strength test, and the heat deflection temperature test. The most commonly used tests for impact performance of plastics are the Izod notched-beam test, the Charpy notched-beam test, and the dart penetration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... compression tests (using either round or square specimens) indicates some measure of ductility in bulk deformation processes, particularly in forging and for metals with limited ductility. A crack usually develops on the cylindrical surface of the specimen, due to what are known as secondary tensile stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... work obtained results consistent with Cottrell’s model using MgO ( Ref 17 ) and in iron ( Ref 18 ). As Ref 4 indicates, the work reported in Ref 13 supports such a model of dislocation interaction to create a cleavage nucleus. Specimens tested at 77 K could be made to flow plastically or to fail in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... , Analysis and Design of Foil Bearings , Paper 23, Proceedings, Gas Bearing Symposium , April 1967 ( University of Southampton, United Kingdom ) 61. Suriano F.J. , Dayton R.D. , and Woessner F.G. , “Test Experience with Turbine-End Foil-Bearing-Equipped Gas Turbine Engines,” Paper...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tests, such as the tension test, ring compression test, plane-strain compression test, bend test, indentation test, and forgeability test. It concludes with information on the role of the finite-element modeling software used in workability analysis. bend test bulk forming processes cracking...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Converted from Knoop readings. (b) Fatigue test was tension-tension at 415 MPa (60 ksi) using a preload equal to 10% of maximum Heating thread rolled fasteners made of steel above the transformation range during a heat treating process completely relieves the favorable compressive stresses induced...