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cylinder liners

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... engine parts are cylinder blocks, cylinder bores, cast iron cylinder liners, piston rings, connecting rod bearings, turbochargers, engine valve lifters, exhaust system parts, and oxygen sensors. The article also describes the benefits of using thermal spray on transmission parts such as synchronizer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Friction and Wear Control of IC engine. The article explains the process of friction reduction by surface textures or coatings. It provides information on surface hardening of iron and steel, which is commonly employed for engine and powertrain components such as crankshafts, cams, and cylinder liners. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article provides information on the applications of metal-matrix composites in engine components, brake system, and driveshaft. The components include pistons, cylinder liners, valves, pushrods, and connecting rods. metal-matrix composites engine components brake system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005888
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... final heating stage (820–870 °C, 1510–1600 °F) while induction heating titanium rod/billet using three frequencies: 30, 70, and 200 kHz. Source: Ref 11 Table 2 Minimum diameters as a function of frequency and final temperature for efficient induction heating of solid cylinders made from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... contributor to the frictional power loss is the piston-cylinder system, accounting for 40 to 50% of all these losses, from piston skirt- cylinder liner and piston ring pack to cylinder liner contacts. Engine journal bearings, comprising big-end (connecting rod) bearings and crankshaft support bearings...
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... suitability of an iron for pouring a particular casting. Mechanical property values obtained from test bars are sometimes the only available guides to the mechanical properties of the metal in production castings. Gray iron castings are used widely in pressure applications such as cylinder blocks, manifolds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article is dedicated to gas chromatography (GC), covering the chromatographic method and primary components of a modern GC apparatus. The components include the carrier gas cylinder, flow controller and pressure regulator, sample inlet and injection port, column oven, and detector...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... diameter. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 4 Electrical efficiency of the coil vs. frequency when heating hollow and solid cylinders. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 3 Electrical and thermal efficiencies of induction coil vs. thermal refractory thickness (arbitrary units). Source: Ref 10 Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...; bedplates, brackets, and couplings; truck brake drums; pump housings and hydraulic components; ingot molds 450 (pearlitic) Higher strength, stiffness, and wear resistance than grade 400, although less machinable Automotive cylinder blocks and heads; cylinder liners for truck and industrial power; train...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-matrix composites employing ceramic-particle reinforcement and amenable to inexpensive net shape processes such as casting and extrusion have led to the application of these materials in automotive brakes, drive shafts, and cylinder liners. The recent recognition that additions of ceramic reinforcement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... confers good sliding wear resistance with a relatively low coefficient of friction. Gray iron is widely used for internal combustion engine components, including engine blocks, cylinder liners, and piston rings, as well as machine tool slideways. Different types of iron, however, exhibit great differences...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... machine components that must resist wear. Because graphite is an excellent solid lubricant, it confers good sliding wear resistance with a relatively low coefficient of friction. Gray iron is widely used for internal combustion engine components, including engine blocks, cylinder liners, and piston rings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... volume fraction of hard primary-silicon particles in the microstructure, and they are often used in applications requiring a high degree of wear resistance, such as pistons, cylinder liners, brake systems components, and transmission servo pistons. Matrix-hardening alloys (2 xx .0 and 355.0 families...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Engineering Company demonstrated that aluminum-graphite liners were able to run against aluminum pistons without seizing in the Alpha Romeo and the Ferrari automobiles used in Formula One races. Figure 5 shows a centrifugally cast aluminum-graphite composite cylinder block of a motorcycle engine, where the...
Book Chapter

By P.S. Grant
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... include: Hypereutectic aluminum-silicon-base alloys for cylinder liners (Peak, Germany). Spray cast preforms, such as that shown in Fig. 2 , are extruded and then swaged to parallel side tubes that are used directly as cylinder liners in engine blocks for a number of mass-production automotive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... operation. In practice, heat loss from an engine can be reduced by: Insulating the combustion chamber (cylinder liner, piston crown, and cylinder head), exhaust and intake ports, and the exhaust manifolds Eliminating the cooling system and its associated parasitic losses Utilizing exhaust heat by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...-temperature corrosion of diesel engine components ( Ref 23 ). Cylinder wear is due mainly to friction, abrasion, and corrosion. Frictional wear occurs between the sliding surface of the cylinder liner and piston rings. The degree of wear will depend on the materials involved, the surface conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... borides and carbides for higher wear resistance. ( Ref 21 ) Applying a wear resistant coating to internal cylinder bores provides many advantages in terms of reductions in weight and emission for combustion engines. Engine blocks made of light metal can be used instead of cylinder liners and engine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... automotive application is restricted by toxicity of some chemicals that are required to be used in heavy-duty vehicles. For example, the nitrite required in coolant formulation to protect replaceable or wet liners in wet sleeve heavy-duty engine cylinders might produce a nitrosoamine that is considered a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... can cause rapid and sometimes catastrophic failures ( Ref 2 ). This can occur in metal forming, piston rings, skirts and cylinders, chains, cams and follower bearings, and gears ( Ref 26 ). The normal break-in is a form of mild adhesive wear. Scuffing usually refers to moderate adhesive wear...