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cyclic stress-strain response

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... within each cycle. Source: Ref 146 Abstract This article discusses the microstructural processes that take place during plastic deformation and presents a plain phenomenological and general description of the cyclic stress-strain (CSS) response. It emphasizes the microstructural aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... ( Ref 25 ) Fig. 19 Effect of grain size and alloying on cyclic stress-strain response Fig. 20 Strain-life behavior as influenced by grain size and alloying ( Ref 24 ) Fig. 21 Monotonic strength, ductility, and fracture toughness as a function of hardness for a medium-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... at three different hardness levels (approximation) Fig. 30 Monotonic and cyclic stress-strain curves used in bilevel loading example Fig. 31 Hysteresis loop illustrating development of plastic strain from initial “elastic” response Fig. 32 Hysteresis loop illustrating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., showing more damage in TMF IP relative to TMF OP Fig. 7 Stress-strain response under cyclic softening (a) or cyclic hardening (b) conditions Fig. 11 Results of Jaske ( Ref 66 ) on TMF of 1010 carbon steel. Note: (6) indicates a 6 min hold time at maximum temperature. Fig. 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 1979 20. Jaske C.E. , Leis B.N. , and Pugh C.E. , Monotonic and Cyclic Stress-Strain Response of Annealed 2-1/4Cr-1Mo Steel , Structural Materials for Service at Elevated Temperatures in the Nuclear Power Generation , MPC-1, American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1975 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... laminate tests, but no acceptable standards have yet emerged, except for the [±45°] laminate coupon subjected to uniaxial tension for the generation of lamina shear stress-strain response (ASTM D 3518). There exists a host of test fixtures, specimen geometries, and test procedures for the generation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... cyclic lives, cyclic plasticity is still present, although certainly not detectable with conventional strain measurement techniques. Reversed crystallographic slip is highly localized within a few of the most favorably oriented grains or near highly localized stress concentrations. Stress-strain response...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Solidi , Vol 37 , 1970 , p 833 9. Kuhlmann-Wilsdorf D. and Laird C. , Mater. Sci. Eng. , Vol 27 , 1977 , p 137 10. Laird C. , General Cyclic Stress Strain Response in Al Alloys , STP 637, ASTM , 1977 , p 31 11. Fine M.E. and Bhat S.P. , Cyclic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... and using these data to predict fatigue lives ( Ref 31 – 35 ). Fatigue-life predictions may be made using the strain-life approach based on information such as: Material properties obtained from smooth specimen strain-controlled laboratory fatigue data (cyclic stress-strain response and strain-life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... of the fatigue response of several steels, including their monotonic and cyclic strain-stress curves and their ε- N response. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 13 Fatigue behavior of several aluminum alloys. Aluminum alloys are readily characterized using the strain-controlled methods. The general lack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... fatigue crack growth rate fracture mechanic crack growth fracture mechanics simulation strain life curve strain-control testing stress-life curve FATIGUE is the progressive, localized, and permanent structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic or fluctuating strains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... stainless steel showing initial hardening or neutral behavior followed by softening. Source: Ref 34 Fig. 17 Monotonic and cyclic stress-strain diagrams for six different engineering alloys. ○, companion specimens; solid line, incremental step. Source: Ref 35 Fig. 11 Stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...) and the estimated notch stress-strain responses for 2024-T4 Al. The high-low overload in (a) produces a tensile mean stress, and the low-high overload in (b) produces the opposite. Adapted from Ref 16 Fig. 16 Unloading and reloading behavior for two rheological models. The first strain history causes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of the structure as a function of heat input and its material and structural response must be accounted for by means of the analyses and tests required for certification. Changes in stress-strain caused by moisture absorption also must be accounted for by the same generic analysis and test sequences. The induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , Melton K. , and Sinclair R. , Mechanical Twinning in Ti 50 Ni 47 Fe 3 and Ti 49 Ni 51 Alloys , Acta Metall. , Vol 33 ( No. 9 ), 1985 , p 1725 18. Gall K. , Sehitoglu H. , and Maier H. , Asymmetric Stress-Strain Response in Shape Memory Alloys , Proceedings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... and plastic strain ranges ( Ref 1 ). Specifically, the HCF regime corresponds to stress amplitudes below macroscopic yielding for which cyclic plastic strain occurs within isolated regions of microstructure stress concentration (inclusions, favorably oriented grains, etc.). This is the regime of constrained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... ( Ref 5 ). The majority of strain-based fatigue tests are performed using fully reversed loading conditions, generally accompanied by a cyclic softening phenomena in plastics ( Ref 2 , 9 ). Under cyclic strain conditions, the fatigue response is best characterized by the cyclic stress-strain curve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... ρ C E where T is the absolute temperature of the material, C E is the specific heat at constant strain, ρ is the density, σ ij is the stress tensor, ε ij is the strain tensor, and Q is the heat input. In most TSA experiments, specimens are cyclically loaded at such a rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
..., plastic deformation starts immediately ( Fig. 7 ), and thus, no truly elastic response exists ( Ref 1 ). When a gray iron is subjected to simple stress, the matrix carries complex stresses in the region of high local stress at graphite flakes, so that the recoverable strain is not a straight line...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... cyclic strain testing and fracture mechanics provides a basis for understanding of fatigue processes beyond the historical emphasis on crack nucleation studies from stress-controlled (stress to number of cycles, or S - N ) fatigue testing. In this context, this article provides a brief overview...