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cyclic stress-strain behavior

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Fig. 15 True stress versus plastic strain for cyclic response (log-log coordinates) Fig. 14 Cyclic stress-strain response compared with monotonic behavior for various alloys Fig. 16 (a) Stress versus log-cycles-to-failure curve. (b) Log stress versus log-cycles-to-failure curve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and discontinuities. It describes the various factors that influence fatigue of cast steels. These factors include section size, defect size, stress modes, and waveform types. The article discusses various fracture mechanics in cast steels: cyclic stress-strain behavior and low- and high-cycle fatigue life behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...-strain behavior are described briefly here. Table 1 Monotonic and cyclic stress-strain properties of selected steels Alloy Condition (a) Elastic modulus ( E ) Yield strength ( S y ) Tensile strength ( S u ) Strength coefficient ( K ) Strain hardening exponent ( n ) Reduction in area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... is true if the particles are incoherent (e.g., dispersoids). Cyclic stress-strain behavior and its relation with microstructure can be complex, because almost every structural alloy undergoes thermomechanical treatment prior to service. In order to classify the reactions of a material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... ( Ref 25 ) Fig. 19 Effect of grain size and alloying on cyclic stress-strain response Fig. 20 Strain-life behavior as influenced by grain size and alloying ( Ref 24 ) Fig. 21 Monotonic strength, ductility, and fracture toughness as a function of hardness for a medium-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...-Strain Function for the Fatigue of Metals , J. Mater. , Vol 5 ( No. 4 ), Dec 1970 , p 767 – 778 20. Martin J.F. , Topper T.H. , and Sinclair G.M. , Computer Based Simulation of Cyclic Stress-Strain Behavior with Applications to Fatigue , Mater. Res. Stand. , Vol 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... portion of the specimen and is readily measured with commercially available strain measuring devices. In this regime, the cyclic stresses will be near or above the conventional offset yield strength of the alloy. Cyclic strain hardening or softening typically also occurs. On the other hand, at very long...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... , June 1989 , p 221 – 224 79. Martin J.F. , Topper T.H. , and Sinclair G.M. , Computer Based Simulation of Cyclic Stress-Strain Behavior with Applications to Fatigue , Mat.Res. Stand. , Vol 11 , 1971 , p 23 –28, 50 80. Wetzel R.M. , Ed., Fatigue under Complex...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... stainless steel showing initial hardening or neutral behavior followed by softening. Source: Ref 34 Fig. 17 Monotonic and cyclic stress-strain diagrams for six different engineering alloys. ○, companion specimens; solid line, incremental step. Source: Ref 35 Fig. 11 Stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... fatigue crack growth rate fracture mechanic crack growth fracture mechanics simulation strain life curve strain-control testing stress-life curve FATIGUE is the progressive, localized, and permanent structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic or fluctuating strains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... can further result in an inaccurate prediction of the cyclic stress amplitude ( Ref 9 ). However, because stresses generally decay in this type of test, thermal failures are rarely encountered ( Ref 5 ). Strain-based tests are often utilized for components with accumulated strain or blunt notches...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... of incremental cyclic plasticity theory, in general ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). The principal axes of stress or strain may remain fixed in direction with the components varying nonproportionally, or more generally the principal axes may rotate. Initial approaches to modeling multiaxial fatigue behavior were based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., showing more damage in TMF IP relative to TMF OP Fig. 7 Stress-strain response under cyclic softening (a) or cyclic hardening (b) conditions Fig. 11 Results of Jaske ( Ref 66 ) on TMF of 1010 carbon steel. Note: (6) indicates a 6 min hold time at maximum temperature. Fig. 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... of the fatigue response of several steels, including their monotonic and cyclic strain-stress curves and their ε- N response. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 13 Fatigue behavior of several aluminum alloys. Aluminum alloys are readily characterized using the strain-controlled methods. The general lack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... section of the part becomes too weak to carry the imposed loads) Final, sudden fracture of the remaining cross section Fatigue damage is caused by the simultaneous action of cyclic stress, tensile stress, and plastic strain. If any one of these three is not present, a fatigue crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., localized, and permanent structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic or fluctuating strains at nominal stresses that have maximum values less than (and often much less than) the static yield strength of the material. Stress-controlled cycling of specimens is commonly used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., the response curve may need to be extrapolated, assuming linear elastic behavior or curve fitting to the available stress-strain data. The modulus should be established by a least squares fit of the initial slope and, once established, the procedure should be consistently employed for modulus calculation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... load, leading to a flat plateau. After approximately 6 to 8% strain, depending on the crystallographic texture, the ideal variants are selected, and the material undergoes a second elastic loading. Fig. 9 Room-temperature stress-strain behavior of a 50.8 at.% Ni alloy with an A f temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... stress concentrations, the application of cyclic compressive loads causes fatigue cracks to initiate more easily in the composite than in monolithic Si 3 N 4 . This effect can be rationalized by noting that the stress-strain curve for the composite is more nonlinear than that for the matrix material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the outside of the specimen, decreasing the widths of the shear lips. When the minimum value of plane-strain toughness ( K Ic ) is reached, the shear lips have very small width. The local state of stress created by a load on a component geometry may cause crack propagation (i.e., critical fracture...