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cyclic crack growth

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... The article discusses the various stages, growth rates, and striation spacings of fatigue crack. The mechanisms of fatigue striation formation are also discussed. The fatigue crack growth in duplex microstructures and cyclic crack growth in polymers are reviewed. The article also describes the mechanisms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., respectively. (d) Four-point flexure specimens. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 7 Cyclic fatigue crack growth behavior, in terms of growth rates per cycle, da / dN , as a function of the stress intensity range, Δ K , for MgO-PSZ, subeutectoid aged to a range of K c toughnesses from 2.9 to 15.5 MPa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... at the bottom of the pit. Fig. 15 Predictive models. (a) Crack growth as a function of time and duty. MSD, multisite damage. (b) Sensitivity scenarios allow cost-effective decision making. Decisions can be made and evaluated sooner with improved detection. Fig. 10 Lap-splice predictions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... test specimen compliance, such as clip gages and strain gages. fatigue testing brittle solids environmentally induced fatigue cyclic fatigue ceramics glasses crack growth CERAMICS AND GLASSES subjected to static or cyclic loads exhibit time-dependent failure due to the growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... cracks circumferential cracks crack growth cyclic loading full-scale testing mechanical properties THE MECHANICAL EVALUATION OF PIPE FAILURES has evolved over time. An initial purpose of such analysis was to determine the causes of large breaks occurring in oil and gas pipelines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... life of structural components. It describes two types of tests that are normally used in combination: cycles-to-failure tests, which focus on crack initiation, and crack propagation tests, which focus on crack growth rates under cyclic load. The article examines corrosion-fatigue cracking along...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... mechanics. The parameters considered for static loading are C*, C(t), C*(t), C*h, Ct, and Cst(t). For cyclic loading, the parameters are delta Jc and (Ct)avg. An overview of life-prediction models is also provided. brittle materials crack-tip parameters creep behavior creep-fatigue crack growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... austenitic grades CH-20 and CK-20 show lower impact resistance than the other grades listed. Cyclic stress-strain behavior and low- and high-cycle fatigue life behavior Plane-stress fracture toughness Plane-strain fracture toughness Constant-amplitude fatigue crack initiation and growth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes three design-life methods or philosophies of fatigue, namely, infinite-life, finite-life, and damage tolerant. It outlines the three stages in the process of fatigue fracture: the initial fatigue damage leading to crack initiation, progressive cyclic growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... discusses various models of fatigue crack growth (FCG) and the effects of alloy microstructure and composition on FCG. aluminum alloys cyclic fatigue fatigue crack growth microstructure precipitate-free zones shearable precipitates strain-control fatigue testing FATIGUE is the progressive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 718 in particular, has shown that sustained load creep crack growth rate data can be used to predict cyclic crack growth in the time-dependent regime ( Ref 43 , 44 ). In those regions in which the cycle-dependent and the time-dependent phenomena are both present, implementation of a semiempirical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the whole component life, with the conditions for crack initiation, cyclic crack growth, and final fracture. It must be distinguished between an infinite-life design, where the number of cycles is not important, and a finite-life design, in which the cycles up to the end of life must be defined and limited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... that allows the incorporation of creep deformation effects ranging from small-scale creep to extensive creep, including effects of cyclic loading in characterizing the crack growth behavior at elevated temperature ( Ref 1 ). These concepts have been developed and primarily applied to elevated-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... information on the mechanisms of ductile and brittle fracture is given in the article “Micromechanisms of Monotonic and Cyclic Crack Growth” in this Volume. The origins of modern fracture mechanics for engineering practice may be traced to Griffith ( Ref 5 , 6 ), who established an energy-release...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 4340 steel in dehumidified argon and in water vapor (585 Pa) at R = 0.1 Source: Ref 6 Fig. 4 Environment-dependent component of fatigue crack growth parameter as a function of cyclic load period for AISI steel in 585 Pa water vapor at room temperature. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... initiation and propagation components, that is, N T = N i + N p , with the latter based on fracture mechanics correlations for crack growth, for example, da/dN = f (Δ K, K max ). The cyclic crack growth rate is a function of of the stress-intensity range and maximum stress intensity. The crack size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-surface grains) adjacent to origin sites, followed by a transition to stage II propagation (e.g., see Fig. 16 in “ Micromechanisms of Monotonic and Cyclic Crack Growth ” in Fatigue and Fracture , Volume 19 of the ASM Handbook , 1996). Consequently, this division between stages of propagation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 10.1016/0013-7944(75)90025-9 48. Dowling N.E. and Begley J.A. , Mechanics of Crack Growth , STP 590, ASTM , 1976 , p 82 – 103 10.1520/STP33940S 49. Tanaka K. , The Cyclic J -Integral as a Criterion for Fatigue Crack Growth , Int. J. Fract. , Vol 22 , 1983 , p 91...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Fig. 1 Methodology for predicting crack propagation life using time-independent fracture mechanics Fig. 2 Schematic representation of mechanistic aspects of creep-fatigue. (a) Effect of cycling on cavitation damage. (b) Effect of cavitation on cyclic crack growth. Source: Ref 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and Measurement of Cracks in Threaded Bolts with an A.C. Potential Difference Method,” Proc. Royal Society , Vol A 385 , 1983 , p 145 – 168 74. Nakajima H. , Shoji T. , Kikuchi M. , Niitsuma H. , and Shindo M. , “Detecting Acoustic Emission during Cyclic Crack Growth...