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cycle counting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... explained, including mean stress effects, sequences of stress/strain amplitude or stress state, nonproportional loading and cycle counting, and HCF fatigue limits. In addition, the article covers the formation and propagation of cracks on the order of several grain sizes in diameter in initially isotropic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... property data and geometry factors to analyze any fracture or crack growth problem. It describes the integration of crack growth rates in terms of constant-amplitude loading and cycle-by-cycle counting with variable-amplitude loading. The article concludes with information on the classification of sources...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... criteria: to produce solidified white iron throughout the section thickness; and to produce the desired graphite distribution (nodule count) upon annealing. It describes the induction heating and quenching or flame heating and quenching for surface hardening of fully pearlitic malleable iron. Laser and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., cycle measurements conducted over a 2-h period, with timing of each cycle being (irradiation time) = (count time) = T 1/2 . Detection is defined as 100 counts recorded in the full-energy peak, with the source placed 2 cm (0.8 in.) from the detector container. The calculated detection limits can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... considered, and the material properties related to fatigue derived from these tests are discussed. Design methods considering the irregular nature of actual load applications, which requires the statistical treatment of the load histories and their translation into load spectra, cycle counting methods, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes design factors for products used in engineering applications. The article groups these factors into three categories: functional requirements, analysis of total life cycle, and other major factors. These categories intersect and overlap, constituting a major...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract The transformation of austenite of cast irons represents a more complex and less studied subject. This article discusses the general features of the decomposition of austenite into bainite. It describes the heat treatment cycles of austempered cast iron microstructure. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Elastomeric tooling uses rubber details to generate required molding pressure or to serve as a pressure intensifier during composite part curing cycles. This article discusses the various aspects of the forms of commercially available bag-side elastomeric caul systems. It describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract This article focuses on heat treatment of malleable and compacted-graphite irons to produce ferritic and pearlitic malleable irons. It describes the heat treatment cycles of malleable iron, including martempering, tempering, bainitic heat treatment, and surface hardening. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... TDD, total demand distortion. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 28 Parallel connection method of decreasing percent harmonic current in converters Fig. 29 Series connection method of decreasing percent harmonic current in converters Fig. 27 Graph of thermal cycling capability of one...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and regulatory environments, and the importance of performance during the duty cycle. energy consumption environmental safety green coatings industrial paints recycling volatile organic compound emission GREEN COATINGS have become an important part of the world's industry and economy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...; type of compacting press; design of compacting tools and dies; type of sintering furnace; composition of the sintering atmosphere; choice of production cycle, including sintering time and temperature; and secondary operations and heat treatment. When the application of a powder metallurgy part requires...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., 1970 , p 1 – 14 7. Peterson R.E. , Stress Concentration Factors , John Wiley & Sons , 1974 8. Cycle Counting in Fatigue Analysis , Vol 03.01 ( No. 1049 ), 1994 Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM , 1994 9. Downing S.D. and Socie D.F. , Simplified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... tools” with an adequate cycle-counting technique that accrues closed hysteresis loops (for example, rainflow or range pair), a means is available to predict fatigue-initiation life of real components or parts. Explanation of these topics is aimed primarily as a primer on the basic concepts and methods...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... couplet. If these points are combined in a continuous manner, then a stress-time history can be obtained. After coupling the stresses, a cycle-counting procedure must be performed. The techniques of crack growth or fatigue analysis demand that a spectrum be input as a series of whole cycles where a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of fatigue life curves E 1049 Cycle Counting in Fatigue Analysis Cycle counting procedures for spectrum loads E 1823 Terminology Relating to Fatigue and Fracture Testing Definitions used in fatigue testing ASTM standards with equipments requirements B 557 Tension Testing of Wrought...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... FATIGUE FAILURE of engineering components and structures results from progressive fracture caused by cyclic or fluctuating loads. The magnitude of each individual load event is too small to cause complete fracture of the undamaged component, but the cumulative action of numerous load cycles, often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... , Eutectic Cells and Nodule Count—An Index of Molten Iron Quality , Int. J. Metalcast. , Vol 4 ( No. 3 ), 2010 , p 35 – 61 16. Charoenvilaisiri S. , Stefanescu D.M. , Ruxanda R. , and Piwonka T.S. , Thin Wall Compacted Graphite Iron Castings , AFS Trans. , Vol 110 , 2002...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... 10 13 cm −2 · s −1 and γ-ray counted using a 50 cm 3 germanium detector for 2 h (or one half-life if 0.25 h < t 1/2 < 1 h). If t 1/2 < 0.25 h, cycle measurements conducted over a 2 h period, with timing of each cycle being t i = t m = t 1/2 . Sensitivity was defined at a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... for Determining Nodularity and Nodule Count in Ductile Iron Using Image Analysis,” E 2567-16a, ASTM International , 2016 23. “Spheroidal Graphite Iron Castings,” JIS G5502-2001, 2001 24. “Metallographic Test for Spheroidal Graphite Cast Iron,” GB/T 9441-2009, 2009 25...