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cutlery applications

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Physical vapor deposition (PVD) coatings are harder than any metal and are used in applications that cannot tolerate even microscopic wear losses. This article describes the three most common PVD processes: thermal evaporation, sputtering, and ion plating. It also discusses ion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for the successful performance of stainless steel. Determining which treatment should be used for specific applications is sometimes confusing. A good place to start is with ASTM A 380 (“Standard Practice for Cleaning and Descaling Stainless Steel Parts, Equipment, and Systems”), which is an excellent resource...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to 0.20 μm (32 to 8 μin.) R a (roughness average) are produced by honing. The most common application of honing is on internal cylindrical surfaces ( Fig. 1 a). However, honing is also used to generate functional characteristics on external cylindrical surfaces, flat surfaces, truncated spherical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Type 420 and similar alloys are used in cutlery, valve parts, gears, shafts, and rollers. Other applications for higher carbon-level grades (type 440 grades) include cutlery, surgical and dental instruments, scissors, springs, valves, gears, shafts, cams, and ball bearings. Ferritic Stainless Steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., fabrication, and applications is presented and compared to other potential materials of construction. The article also presents case studies of stainless steel corrosion and concludes with a discussion on corrosion in cleaning and sanitizing processes. corrosion corrosion resistance stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... why it is optimum for a specific application. austempering bearing steel bearings carbonitriding carburizing dimensional stability distortion control grain size hardenability heat treatment surface induction hardening tempering through hardening THE USE OF A ROTATING ELEMENT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., the electronics and computer sectors, with their high precision requirements and new materials, have created new applications for the process such as computer hard-drive components ( Fig. 30 ). Another important application of fine-blanking is the manufacture of blades, cutlery, hand tools, and surgical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... categories: coated/impregnated abrasives, bonded abrasives, and powders, slurries, and compounds ( Fig. 1 ). Each of these product types can be used in rough, precision, or high-precision applications ( Table 3 ). Abrasive products and their typical application categories Table 3 Abrasive products...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the properties of ion-plated films. The sources of potential applied on substrate surface, bombarding species, and depositing species are addressed. The article also provides information on the parameters that influence bombardment. It concludes with a discussion on the advantages, limitations, and applications...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and applications. As an example, common applications for structural clay include facing materials, load-bearing units, pavers, and ceramic tiles. building materials concrete enamels glazes portland cements structural clay products traditional ceramics whiteware The term traditional ceramic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... epoxy (EP), phenolic, and unsaturated polyester (UP) resins. Epoxies are used as both commodity and engineering adhesives and as matrices for high-performance composites. Phenolic resins are used in commodity applications such as ashtrays and cutlery handles, as well as for brake pistons and electrical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and structural applications in which particularly stringent requirements must be met, such as high-temperature springs, ultrahigh-strength fasteners, special-purpose valves, and bearings of various types for elevated-temperature service. In service, most tools are subjected to extremely high loads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... tool steel grades. Nevertheless, other equipment solutions exist in parallel with specific advantages for certain applications. Additionally, nitriding (nitrocarburizing) in salt bath, and in gas and plasma furnaces are widely used processes to extend tool life for many applications. Equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... thermoplastics are presented for comparison. Finally, the properties and applications of six common thermosets are briefly considered. chemical properties chemical structure electrical properties mechanical properties optical properties thermal properties thermoplastics thermosets...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials, including ferrous alloys, nonferrous alloys, ceramics, cermets and cemented carbides, engineering plastics, polymer-matrix composites, metal-matrix composites, ceramic-matrix and carbon-carbon composites, and reviews their general property characteristics and applications. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... A portion of each of these was classified as corrosion coatings, at a total estimate of $6.7 billion. Raw material cost is only a portion of a total coating application project, ranging from 4 to 20% of the total cost of application. When applying these percentages to the raw materials cost, the total...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... applications for higher-carbon-level grades (type 440 grades) include cutlery, surgical and dental instruments, scissors, springs, valves, gears, shafts, cams, and ball bearings. In Europe, these alloys have been used in similar applications. In addition, certain alloys, particularly 12Cr-1Mo-0.3V (HT9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...), application, heating method, mode of heat transfer, type of materials handling system, and mode of waste heat recovery (recuperation and regeneration). It provides information on uniform temperature distribution, the general requirements and selection criteria for insulation materials, as well as the basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and special-purpose steels. Hot-work steels are designed to withstand excessive amounts of heat, pressure, and abrasion, suiting them for punching, shearing, and high-temperature forming applications. Cold-work tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Passivation; pickling, that is, acid descaling; electropolishing; and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful performance of stainless steel used for piping, pressure vessels, tanks, and machined parts in a wide variety of applications. This article...