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curing agents

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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 27 Amido-amine curing agents More
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 37 Structures of some anhydride curing agents. (a) Phthalic anhydride. (b) Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride. (c) Hexahydrophthalic anhydride. (d) Nadic methyl anhydride More
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 36 Formation of a Mannich-based curing agent More
Image
Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 17 Formation of mannich base curing agent More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 8 Residual curing agent particles in a thermoset-matrix glass fiber composite. Reflected-light phase contrast, 40× objective More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... curing and curing agents. The article provides descriptions of commercial product forms and the wide array of applications of thermosetting resins. It also tabulates the performance properties (mechanical, thermal, electrical and chemical resistance) of some families of unfilled or unreinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on epoxy because this resin category has widespread use and because it is tested using quality control measures typical of most resin systems. It explains that a typical resin system will consist of one or more epoxy resins, a curing agent, and a catalyst...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the concerns regarding the use of epoxy coatings. amido amines aromatic amines bisphenol A epoxy resin bisphenol F epoxy resin brominated bisphenol-a-based epoxy resin curing agents cyanoethylated amines cycloaliphatic amines dicyandiamide epoxy acrylate resin epoxy ester resin epoxy phenol...
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
), curing agent, catalysts, fillers, pigments, and additives—and how they interact to balance properties and produce expected results. BPA, bisphenol A More
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 1 The epoxy or oxirane ring readily reacts with many different types of curing agents. More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Molding or Hand Lay-up About 50 years ago, the first fiber-reinforced plastic parts were produced using basically the same contact molding process used today. The mold is coated with a mold release agent, which prevents the cured part from sticking. Waxes, silicones, fluorocarbon compounds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... selection of a curing agent and appropriate modifiers, epoxy resins can be specifically tailored to fit a broad range of applications. It is important to understand basic production techniques in order to appreciate the available resins and how they differ from each other. Epoxy resins are produced from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article discusses the coating systems categorized by the generic type of binder or resin and grouped according to the curing or hardening mechanism inherent within that generic type. It focuses on the properties, advantages, and limitations of various autooxidative cross-linked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the epoxy group. As with all coating systems, the performance characteristics of FBE materials depend on the chemistry of the constituents used. The chemistry in turn relies on all aspects of the formulation, that is, the components—epoxy resin, curing agent, catalysts, fillers, pigments, and additives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the hygrothermal behavior with the same basic matrix and fiber. A variety of curing agents and catalysts are used, modifying the chemistry of the final matrix and its response. Reinforcements The type of reinforcement can substantially change the hygrothermal behavior. Carbon fibers are generally considered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and vinyl ester coatings, namely, curing systems, thixotropic agents and fillers. It exemplifies polyester and vinyl ester coating, lining and flooring systems that are used for top-to-bottom protection of industrial plants and equipment. The article also highlights the concerns to be addressed when using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of physical properties must also be performed to ensure that controls are adequate. Properties can be varied rather widely by the selection of the matrix resins, curing agents, and modifiers. Therefore, it is important to understand what these properties are and what effect they have on the resin matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in Fig. 10 . Fig. 10 Hardened novolac resin structure Novolacs are normally soluble in alcohol, but with tertiary butyl phenol as a raw material, hydrocarbon solubility can be obtained. Novolacs do not react with drying oils, and without the addition of a curing agent, they remain stable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... with a catalyzing agent and/or curing agents. The most common epoxy resins are produced from a reaction between epichlorohydrin and bisphenol-A cured with dicyanamide catalyst. The epoxy group is pictured in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1 Epoxy group Advantages The key properties of epoxy binders are hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... commonly used are preformulated at the supplier for the preimpregnated fiber, resin, curing agent, and coupling system. However, the manufacturer will often add small amounts of a filler to aid in the processing; change surface texture, color, and thermal and electrical conductivity; provide moisture...