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crystallographic texture

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract The electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique has proven to be very useful in the measurement of crystallographic textures, orientation relationships between phases, and both plastic and elastic strains. This article focuses on backscatter diffraction in a scanning electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... strain hardening and its effects on the mechanical properties of titanium alloys. It also discusses the factors that influence the superplasticity of titanium alloys. crystallographic texture deformation grain growth recrystallization strain hardening strengthening superplasticity titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... transformation-texture evolution modeling THE DEVELOPMENT of crystallographic texture, the preferred orientation of grains in a polycrystalline aggregate, during thermomechanical processing can play an important role with regard to the secondary forming response (e.g., deep drawing of sheet) and service...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... an introduction on crystallographic textures. It discusses the effects of austenite rolling and recrystallization on the texture and transformation behavior of recrystallized austenite and deformed austenite. The article illustrates the overall summary of the rolling and transformation behavior. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., zirconium, chromium, vanadium, scandium, nickel, tin, and bismuth. The article discusses the secondary phases in aluminum alloys, namely, nonmetallic inclusions, porosity, primary particles, constituent particles, dispersoids, precipitates, grain and dislocation structure, and crystallographic texture. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... recrystallization aluminum alloys hot rolling Many metallic sheets exhibit significant plastic anisotropy that can be attributed to the presence of crystallographic texture. For instance, the in-plane anisotropy in textured sheet can cause major problems in subsequent forming operations. A prominent example...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... with crystallography. This section defines the basic kinematic tensors, reports their relations, and gives expressions for calculating the change in crystallographic orientation associated with plastic deformation (texture evolution). For a more detailed treatment of the subject the reader is referred...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... transformation is of great importance for modeling and simulation of microstructure and crystallographic texture evolution in titanium alloys because it determines the interfacial structure of α/β phase boundary ( Ref 67 , 68 ) and hence its energy and mobility and their anisotropy, the transformation strain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspect magnetic materials for defects such as cracks, voids, and inclusions and to assess other material properties, such as grain size, texture, and hardness. This article discusses the principles of such defect detection, providing details on the origin, generation, and assessment of leakage field data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... melting points, and good high-temperature strength that make them an attractive material for high-temperature structural application. This article discusses the properties, chemical composition, corrosion resistance, processing, fabrication, alloying effects and crystallographic data of nickel aluminides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) metals, beryllium displays anisotropic mechanical properties in wrought forms because of crystallographic texture and grain morphology. The traditional ball-milling method of making powder produces flat, crystallographically oriented powder particles that naturally leads to a crystallographic texture in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... symmetries are anisotropies of the mechanical properties, both elastic and plastic, of the individual crystals. Anisotropy is evident even at the continuum scale in aggregates of crystals having preferred orientations of the crystal lattices, known as crystallographic texture. The behaviors observed during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... form of grain-boundary energy. Grain growth may lead to very large grain sizes (and sharp crystallographic textures) particularly in single-phase metals heat treated at high temperatures. In alloys containing second-phase particles, an equilibrium grain size may be reached due to pinning of the grain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... microstructure and to control crystallographic texture; in many cases submicrocrystalline grain structures are developed. The majority of work to date has been performed on aluminum and aluminum alloys, copper, iron, nickel, and titanium. Although the greatest attention has been focused on square or round billet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... distorted grains and deformation bands within the grains only at moderate deformations. With increasing deformation, a strong preferred orientation or crystallographic texture is developed in the specimen, even when the initial grains are oriented at random (see the article “Textured Structures” in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... strain, precipitate size and morphology, and crystallographic texture. Macroscopic features such as dual-microstructure and dual-alloy characteristics are also the result of advanced TMP methodologies. This article summarizes a number of examples of the TMP of nickel-base superalloys and titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... features of recrystallization ( Ref 11 , 15 ). Because crystallographic texture plays such a large role in recrystallization, it is often desirable to start with a more complete description of the microstructure. Texture can be incorporated by statistical sampling of data and subsequent mapping on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... shear plane and directions. Therefore, numerous crystallographic textures may be developed during ECAE depending on the number of passes, routes, and their combination. This is very different from the traditional forming operations that have specific end textures. Additional textures may be introduced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... crystallographic grain rotation continues to occur, leading to the evolution of characteristic deformation textures. These features of the microstructure are important in determining the “static” softening processes that occur with time at high temperature after a deformation stroke or pass. Fig. 3...