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crystallographic structure

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... a consistent set of crystallographic directions and planes are assigned to the EBSD pattern with respect to a given reference or candidate crystal structure. If agreement can be found between the expected patterns from the candidate phase and the experimental pattern, then the pattern is considered...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article defines crystallographic terms and concepts, including crystal structure, unit cell, structure symbols, lattice, space-group notation, and atom position. It schematically illustrates the atom positions, prototypes, structure symbols, space-group notations, and lattice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steels, as defined by the crystallographic structure. These include ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, martensitic stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels. The mechanism of corrosion protection for stainless steels is reviewed. The article examines the effects...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... properties of five major stainless steel families, of which four are based on the crystallographic structure of the alloys, including martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, or duplex. The fifth is precipitation-hardenable alloys, based on the type of heat treatment used. The article further discusses the factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... system for which N j and r j are known crystallographically, EXAFS can be used to generate a set of self-consistent scattering parameters. This information can then be applied to an unknown system of similar chemical nature, for example, a glass of the same composition, to determine structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... determined. The International Tables for X-Ray Crystallography has more information for this cubic space group (number 221) and lists much more complicated crystal structures with this space group ( Ref 41 , 63 ). Table 3 Crystallographic information and atomic basis for L1 2 , Ni 3 Al...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., zirconium, and hafnium all exhibit a transition from a cph structure to bcc on heating. Another familiar example is carbon: hexagonal graphite is the stable allotrope at ambient conditions, whereas the fcc allotrope diamond is formed at extremely high pressures. Crystallographic information for the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steels and cast irons, the microstructural constituents have the names ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite, cementite, and austenite. The article presents four examples that have very different microstructures: the structural steel has a ferrite plus pearlite microstructure; the rail steel has a fully...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Modeling of structure formation in casting of alloys involves several length scales, ranging from the atomic level to macroscopic scale. Intermediate length scales are used to define the microstructure of the growing phases and the grain structure. This article discusses the principles...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... melting points, and good high-temperature strength that make them an attractive material for high-temperature structural application. This article discusses the properties, chemical composition, corrosion resistance, processing, fabrication, alloying effects and crystallographic data of nickel aluminides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... structural analysis and validation of the structural model. Some of the factors to be considered for performing experimental procedure are provided. The article presents several examples of applications of single-crystal XRD. The following sections cover the crystallographic problem in terms of structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article summarizes a physical model of an interface structure and shows how the model helps in optimizing atomistic modeling studies. It presents the orientation relationship of the interface structure to define the mutual crystallographic position of adjacent crystals. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., zirconium, chromium, vanadium, scandium, nickel, tin, and bismuth. The article discusses the secondary phases in aluminum alloys, namely, nonmetallic inclusions, porosity, primary particles, constituent particles, dispersoids, precipitates, grain and dislocation structure, and crystallographic texture. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... structure, density, mechanical properties, physical properties, electrical properties, thermal properties, and magnetic properties. ceramics crystallographic data diamond electrical properties engineering data graphite magnetic properties mechanical properties physical properties thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) approach enables essentially simultaneous examination of microstructural features through imaging from lower magnifications to atomic resolution and the acquisition of chemical and crystallographic information from small regions of the thin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data samarium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where samarium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data holmium binary system phase data THIS ARTICLE includes systems where holmium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... crystal structures are grouped into natural planes. These planes are numbered according to a standard reference system. For example, the base plane of the hexagon is (0001). The density of the atoms on these crystallographic planes is greater than the average density of the crystal. As a result, cohesive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... binary system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data praseodymium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where praseodymium is the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... (a) Existence requires verification; T = 775 °C. (b) Complex structure. (c) T is less than –237 °C. Source: A.D. Pelton, Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams , Vol 7 (No. 2), 1986, p 136–139 ( Ref 20 ) Au-Nb crystallographic data Phase Composition, wt% Nb Pearson symbol...