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crystallographic orientation

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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 23 Illustrations of all special crystallographic orientation relationships among grain-boundary α (red) and two adjacent β grains (blue and green) that are able to hold the Burgers orientation relationship with the grain-boundary α. (a) Type 1: 10.52°/⟨110⟩ β . (b) Type II: 49.48°/49.48 More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 1 Crystallographic orientation of iron showing ease of magnetization in the three principal directions More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 20 Effect of crystallographic orientation on TMF behavior of AM1. Source: Ref 120 More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 64 Crystallographic orientation map obtained by electron backscatter diffraction of a gray iron sample treated with direct austempering after solidification. See also the article “Microstructures and Characterization of Gray Irons” for more details. More
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Published: 15 June 2020
Fig. 5 Crystallographic orientation map corresponding to inverse pole figure for face-centered cubic nickel obtained on cross section of electron-beam-melted build obtained through electron backscatter diffraction. Source: Ref 47 More
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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 11 (Top) Pole figures for crystallographic orientation distribution. RD, rolling direction; TD, transverse direction. (Bottom) Distribution of Fatemi-Socie parameter ( P FS ) for these textures, with loading along the transverse direction More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 19 Cleavagelike, crystallographic oriented stage I fatigue fracture in a cast Ni-14Cr-4.5Mo-1Ti-6Al-1.5Fe-2.0(Nb+Ta) alloy More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 16 Stage I fatigue appearance. (a) Cleavagelike, crystallographically oriented State I fatigue fracture in a cast Ni-14Cr-4.5Mo-1Ti-6Al-1.5Fe-2.0(Nb + Ta) alloy. (b) Stair-step fracture surface indicative of Stage I fatigue fracture in a cast ASTM F75 cobalt-base alloy. SEM. (R. Abrams More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... measurements and subsequent analysis based on Euler plots (i.e., pole figures), orientation distribution functions, and stereographic projections. Using detailed illustrations and examples, it explains the significance of preferred crystallographic orientations and their influence on properties and material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of the instrumentation and principles of SEM, broadly explaining its capabilities in resolution and depth of field imaging. It describes three additional functions of SEM, including the use of channeling patterns to evaluate the crystallographic orientation of micron-sized regions; use of backscattered detectors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract Grain boundaries are interfaces between crystallites of the same phase but different crystallographic orientation. They can be characterized as being low angle or high angle. This article discusses the measurements of grain-boundary energy with a brief summary of different schemes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... in technological applications. The article defines the basic kinematic tensors, reports their relations, and presents expressions for calculating the change in crystallographic orientation associated with plastic deformation. It surveys some of the polycrystal models in terms of the relative strength...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 36 SEM fracture-surface analysis of the failed hip prosthesis shown in Fig. 33 . (a) Fracture surface showing three distinct grains labeled A, B, and C. (b) Grain A has a shallow crystallographically oriented fracture structure. (c) Grain B has a crystallographically oriented fracture More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 25 Fatigue-fracture structures on wrought type ASTM F563 cobalt-alloy test specimens that fatigued in air. (a) Very fine fatigue striations are superimposed on crystallographically oriented fracture structures. 2480×. (b) Crystallographically oriented fracture morphology showing twin More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 14 (a) Optical micrograph showing shiny and dull sectors in an Al-Zn-Si coating. (b) Numerical simulation of the surface appearance with a geometrical approach for a grain having the same crystallographic orientation with respect to the coating in (a). Source: Ref 150 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 22 Scanning electron micrograph of an AlN ceramic, densified with 2.5 wt% La 2 O 3 . Etching attack of AlN grains depends on crystallographic orientation. A secondary phase (LaAlO 3 ) is retained in the microstructure and appears bright. More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 1 (left) Gray iron sample treated with direct austempering after solidification. (right) Crystallographic orientation map obtained by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). See the article “Metallography and Microstructures of Cast Iron” in this Volume for a color version of the EBSD More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 2 Common types of d -spacing versus sin 2 ψ plots. (a) Linear: exhibiting no shear stress. (b) Elliptical: exhibiting ψ-splitting due to shear stress. (c) Nonlinear: oscillatory behavior due to preferred crystallographic orientation. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Common types of d -spacing versus sin 2 ψ plots. (a) Linear: exhibiting no shear stress. (b) Elliptical: exhibiting ψ-splitting due to shear stress. (c) Nonlinear: oscillatory behavior due to preferred crystallographic orientation. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 22 Aluminum alloy A356.0 near-quenched eutectic growth interface. (a) Secondary electron black-and-white image (b) Electron backscattering diffraction map. (c) Indicates the crystallographic orientation. Source: K. Nogita and A.K. Dahle, Scr. Mater ., Vol 48, 2003, p 307–313 More