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cryogenic tube

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Abstract Abstract Cold treating of steel can be used to enhance the transformation of austenite to martensite and improve the stress relief of castings and machined parts. Cryogenic treatment of steel is a distinct process that uses extreme cold to modify the performance of materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of this is the brittle fracture of ship hulls during WWII that occurred in the cold seas of the North Atlantic ( Ref 1 ). For many applications, low temperature refers to the cryogenic temperatures associated with liquid gases. Gas liquefaction, aerospace applications, and superconducting machinery are examples of areas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1988 25. Siewert T.A. , McCowan C.N. , and Vigliotti D.P. , Cryogenic Material Properties of Stainless Steel Tube-to-Flange Welds , Cryogenics , Vol 30 , 1990 Selected References Selected References • Ogawa T...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... 5083 are given in Tables 2 to 5 . Typical uses are marine, auto, and aircraft applications; unfired welded pressure vessels; cryogenics; television towers; drilling rigs; transportation equipment; missile components; and armor plate. In the cold rolled H131 temper, the alloy is commonly used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... in Tables 3 to 5 . The alloy has high mechanical properties in the age-hardened condition both at room and cryogenic temperatures together with excellent fracture toughness. At cryogenic temperatures, 7005-T53 extrusions are equal to or better than the notch yield strength of most alloys ( Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... systems incorporating NbTi superconducting materials. The properties required in a successful stabilizing material are: High electrical and thermal conductivity High heat capacity Good mechanical strength at cryogenic temperature Good adherence to the superconductor Good ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Other (each) 0.05 max Other (total) 0.15 max Al bal Properties of alloy 5086 are given in Tables 2 to 4 . Product specifications are listed in Table 5 . Typical applications are marine, automotive, and aircraft parts; cryogenics; television towers; drilling rigs; transportation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Assemblies In conventional thermocouple assemblies, insulated thermocouple wires are enclosed in protection tubes. For cryogenic application (below 0 °C, and as low as approximately 4 K) varnish or varnish-type coatings are used to insulate thermoelements from one another. At higher temperatures (up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... is to be measured. The ice-point cold junction is provided by two mercury U-tubes embedded in a Dewar flask packed with shaved ice. The legs of the thermocouple are inserted into the mercury U-tubes and connected to the positive and negative terminals of a potentiometer by insulated copper wires. The temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the fracture toughness behavior of austenitic stainless steels and their welds at ambient, elevated, and cryogenic temperatures. Minimum expected toughness values are provided for use in fracture mechanics evaluations. The article explains the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... processing, including powder-in-tube processing, vapor deposition processing, and melt processing. It further discusses the microstructural, anisotropy and weak link influences on these processes. high-temperature superconductors melt processing oxide powder precursor powder precursor preparation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
.... The relationship is known as Boyle's law: The volume of a confined body of gas varies inversely to the absolute pressure, provided the temperature remains unchanged. The pressure of confined gases can be measured by U-shaped manometer tubes containing mercury or other liquids. The gas whose pressure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-melting-point silver brazing filler metals. However, in some applications, other types of FB3 fluxes are preferred. Example 1: Torch Brazing of Parts for High-Vacuum Service The sleeve and tube assembly shown in Fig. 1 is typical of brazements used in vacuum systems. The tubes and the sleeve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Helium is the second most abundant element in the universe. However, helium is relatively rare on earth and is extracted from natural gas by cryogenic distillation. Helium is lighter than air, and when it is released it permanently is lost beyond earth's atmosphere, making it a diminishing resource...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the TMA in 1969. Baldwin and Ruff of the Hewlett-Packard Company invented the optical dilatometer in 1974. Theta Industries Inc. invented the quenching dilatometer (Clusener and Kurth) in 1974, the differential dilatometer (Clusener) in 1975, and cryogenic dilatometry (Baricevac and Raffalski) in 1988...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... cutting can perhaps be best visualized as tube turning, where the feed direction is along the tube axis ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 2 (a) Tube turning. (b) Chip formation in orthogonal cutting. (c) Chip formation in tube turning Figure 2(b) depicts a sharp cutting tool removing material to form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... tempers include: Product Tempers Sheet (bare and clad) O, T31, T37, T81, T851, T87 Plate (bare and clad) O, T351, T37, T851, T87 Extruded tube O, T31, T3510, T3511, T81, T8510, T8511 Extruded wire, rod, bar, and shapes O, T31, T3510, T3511, T81, T8510, T8511 Rolled or worked...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the classification, characteristics and temper designations of wrought aluminum alloys. Wrought aluminum products are available as flat-rolled products such as sheets, plates, and foils; rods, bars, and wires; tubular products such as tubes and pipes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... a service life that is acceptably long Having a reasonable cost, both as original equipment and as a replacement part In its basic form, the exhaust system consists of a series of tubes that collect the gases at the engine and convey them to the rear of the automobile. The size of the tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... The product forms of wrought stainless steels are plate, sheet, strip, foil, bar, wire, semifinished products, pipes, tubes, and tubing. The article describes tensile properties, elevated-temperature properties, subzero-temperature properties, physical properties, corrosion properties, and fatigue strength...