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cryogenic temperature

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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 33 Effect of cryogenic temperature on J c for stainless steels. Source: Ref 51 (type 316); Ref 140 , 141 (type 304N); Ref 51 (type 310); Ref 51 , 57 , 143 (Fe-Cr-Ni-Mn-N) More
Image
Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 6 Effect of cryogenic temperature on reversed bending fatigue ( R = 1) of transverse double-V butt welds in 5083-H113 0.375 in. plate and filler metal. Source: Ref 15 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Cryogenic temperatures cause many structural alloys to become brittle, which is an unacceptable condition in most structural applications and is rectified by optimizing the weld composition. Although nonmatching weld compositions are most appropriate, differences between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the fracture toughness behavior of austenitic stainless steels and their welds at ambient, elevated, and cryogenic temperatures. Minimum expected toughness values are provided for use in fracture mechanics evaluations. The article explains the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of this is the brittle fracture of ship hulls during WWII that occurred in the cold seas of the North Atlantic ( Ref 1 ). For many applications, low temperature refers to the cryogenic temperatures associated with liquid gases. Gas liquefaction, aerospace applications, and superconducting machinery are examples of areas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-12Ni-0.5Ti alloy intended for use at cryogenic temperatures. The series shows the effect on Charpy impact energy at −196 °C (−321 °F), and on fracture-surface characteristics, of the temperature of aging after austenitizing at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 2 h and air cooling.) Fig. 1208 This SEM...
Image
Published: 01 January 1996
stainless steels at room and cryogenic temperatures, 20 to 28 Hz, and an R ratio of 0.1. (c) Effect of stress ratio on Type 304. Source: Ref 9 and 24 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... There is evidence, however, that cryogenic treatment of steel (also referred to as deep cryogenic treatment, or DCT), in which material is brought to a temperature on the order of –184 °C (–300 °F), improves certain properties beyond the improvement attained at cold treatment temperatures. This discussion explains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
.... It retains good mechanical properties up to 250 °C, or 480 °F ( Ref 1 , 2 ) and higher. Due to its high tensile strength and good ductility at cryogenic temperatures, excellent weldability, and good resistance to stress corrosion cracking, alloy 2219 aluminum alloy is an attractive material for construction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... in Tables 3 to 5 . The alloy has high mechanical properties in the age-hardened condition both at room and cryogenic temperatures together with excellent fracture toughness. At cryogenic temperatures, 7005-T53 extrusions are equal to or better than the notch yield strength of most alloys ( Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... strengths among non-heat-treated aluminum products, with tensile strengths ranging from 124 to 434 MPa (18 to 63 ksi). The 5 xxx -series alloys also have relatively high ductility, usually in excess of 25%. They have very high toughness, even at cryogenic temperatures to near absolute zero. They are readily...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... during fatigue is less than 0.6 K Ic . (Changes in yield strength must be taken into account if precracking is performed at room temperature and testing at cryogenic temperatures.) Subsequently, the specimens are monotonically loaded to failure. During loading, load, P, and displacement, Δ...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... primarily for cryogenic applications because of its retention of good toughness and ductility down to cryogenic temperatures (the ELI grade). It is these properties that result in its use on the hydrogen side of the high-pressure fuel turbopump of the Space Shuttle. Ti-5Al-2.5Sn has also been used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... properties exhibited at cryogenic operating temperatures. These problems can be significantly amplified in the joints produced for components intended for cryogenic service. The article “Welding for Cryogenic Service” discusses the impact of extremely low temperatures on the performance of welded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... for military armor plate, which requires a high strength/density ratio, good weldability and corrosion resistance, and resistance to ballistic penetration. Strength and toughness properties at cryogenic temperatures are plotted in Fig. 1 and 2 . Alloy 5083 typical physical properties Table 2 Alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... and fire. Care must be taken to prevent unprotected skin from coming into contact with uninsulated piping carrying cryogenic liquids. Cryogenic temperatures can embrittle and crack black iron piping, and proper care must be taken in the design and selection of piping materials to avoid this hazard. A low...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
that the lower solution-annealing temperature is used for cryogenic applications (fine grain size), while the higher solution-annealing temperature is used for high-temperature applications (coarse grain size). (a) Original magnification 1000×. (b) Original magnification 100× More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... toughness at cryogenic temperatures. On the negative side, however, they can suffer from poor short-transverse properties, and they have been shown to display significantly accelerated fatigue crack extension rates when cracks are microstructurally small ( Ref 1 ). The creep crack growth rates of Al-Li...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... systems incorporating NbTi superconducting materials. The properties required in a successful stabilizing material are: High electrical and thermal conductivity High heat capacity Good mechanical strength at cryogenic temperature Good adherence to the superconductor Good ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... before use by a suitable tempering treatment or by a combination of cryogenic and tempering treatments. There are certain reservations about deep cryogenic treatments between quenching and tempering, because the tetragonality of the fresh martensite formed at very low temperatures can increase...