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cryogenic pressure vessel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
.... This example is a rather straightforward application of fracture mechanics analysis with a satisfactory result, despite some uncertainties in the data. A cryogenic pressure vessel used in petrochemical manufacture exploded. The vessel operated at −130 °C (−202 °F) and was made from a special fine-grained low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... separated, and they move about unceasingly in the space in which they are contained. Gases differ from liquids in two respects; gases are highly compressible, and they fill any closed vessel in which they are placed. Gases resemble liquids in that both are capable of: Flowing Exerting pressure upon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Cold treating of steel can be used to enhance the transformation of austenite to martensite and improve the stress relief of castings and machined parts. Cryogenic treatment of steel is a distinct process that uses extreme cold to modify the performance of materials. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., auto, and aircraft applications; unfired welded pressure vessels; cryogenics; television towers; drilling rigs; transportation equipment; missile components; and armor plate. In the cold rolled H131 temper, the alloy is commonly used for military armor plate, which requires a high strength/density...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 995, ASTM , 1989 , p 433 – 453 10. Mills W.J. , Fracture Toughness of Aged Stainless Steel Primary Piping and Reactor Vessel Materials , J. Pressure Vessel Technol. , Vol 109 , 1987 , p 440 – 448 10.1115/1.3264928 11. Balladon P. , Heritier J. , and Rabbe P...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... components, aerospace pressure vessels, optic-system support structures, prosthetic devices, and applications requiring corrosion resistance and high strength. It explains the effects of alloying elements in titanium alloys as they play an important role in controlling the microstructure and properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... system, namely, pressure vessel, gas stream heating and circulation sources, gas stream pressurizing systems, loading systems, and vacuum systems. The article describes a computerized approach to the simultaneous control of materials reaction behavior and consolidation dynamics, using an autoclave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... and dashed lines are from Section 11 of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and are intended to represent the upper bounds for fatigue crack growth data for the conditions indicated. These upper bounds are modified periodically as more information becomes available. Source: Ref 40 Fig. 31...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... with the steel, forming nascent hydrogen. This hydrogen diffuses through the steel behind the glass and causes the glass to spall because of pressure buildup. To avoid this type of failure, all acid spills on the outside of a glass-lined steel vessel should be washed off immediately to avoid acid attack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... with lower limits on copper and manganese ( Table 1 ) compared with alloy 5454. It is designed to provide maximum formability, toughness, and corrosion resistance. Typical uses include storage vessels for chemicals, unfired pressure vessels, piping, heat exchangers, steam-jacketed kettles, pumps, stills...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Q.G. , “Hot Isostatic Pressing of A356 and 380/383 Aluminum Alloys: An Evaluation of Porosity, Fatigue Properties and Processing Costs,” SAE Tech. Pub. 2000–01–0062, SAE Inc. , 2000 10.4271/2000-01-0062 27. Stored Energy of a Pressurized Gas Vessel, Appendix E, Pressure Safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... atmosphere in a closed heated reactor vessel. MgCl 2 is drained off and recycled electrolytically, leaving titanium sponge. The sponge is then consolidated by arc melting in a water-cooled copper crucible. Titanium cannot be effectively purified by melting because its vapor pressure is too high and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Cylinders requiring periodic retest under DOT regulations may not be filled unless the retest is current. Cryogenic cylinders and tanks are used to store at very low temperatures those liquids that change to gases at normal conditions of temperature and pressure. So-called cryogenic liquids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... to last for many years. This article provides an overview of the service conditions. It offers guidance for material selection applications, including bridges and buildings, pressure vessels and piping, shipbuilding and offshore structures, aerospace systems, machinery and equipment, automobiles, railroad...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... uses include cryogenic storage tanks, unfired pressure vessels, ordnance tanks, missile structures, and low-temperature processing equipment. Available forms include plate, forgings, extrusions, and sheet. Table 1 Composition limits of aluminum alloy 7039 Element Composition, wt% Si...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., ships, railroad cars, storage tanks, pressure vessels, pipe, large machines, and other heavy structures, for which good formability, weldability, and machinability are required. The impairment of these desirable characteristics with increasing carbon content usually limits the steel to the low-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... is often specified. For example, precision bearings made of material M50NIL are first low-pressure carburized and oil quenched and then subjected to multiple cryogenic/tempering cycles. At a depth of 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) from the surface, the content of retained austenite is determined with an x-ray...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in the automotive industry, aerospace industry, in construction of machines, appliances, and structures, as cooking utensils, as covers for housings for electronic equipment, as pressure vessels for cryogenic applications, and in innumerable other areas. Tables 5 and 6 list typical applications for some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... exposure inside a tank, pressure vessel, or other confined area tends to be higher than that which occurs in a high-bay fabrication area. The size of the work area also affects the background fume level, which depends on the number and type of welding stations, type of ventilation, and the duty cycle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.../2 Minimum thermal distortion λ/α Maximum thermal shock resistance σ f / E α Pressure vessel: yield before break K /σ f σ f is failure strength; K is fracture toughness; E is Young;s modulus; G is shear modulus; ρ is density; C p is specific heat capacity; α is thermal...