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cryogenic alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... of over 15% in strength for a wide range of temperatures. It retains good mechanical properties up to 250 °C, or 480 °F ( Ref 1 , 2 ) and higher. Due to its high tensile strength and good ductility at cryogenic temperatures, excellent weldability, and good resistance to stress corrosion cracking, alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Cryogenic temperatures cause many structural alloys to become brittle, which is an unacceptable condition in most structural applications and is rectified by optimizing the weld composition. Although nonmatching weld compositions are most appropriate, differences between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... described. The article shows why thermal stress relief is not a feasible stress-reduction technology for precipitation-hardened alloys. It examines the consequences of aging treatments on the residual stress, namely, annealing, precipitation heat treatment, and cryogenic treatment. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Superconductivity has been found in a wide range of materials, including pure metals, alloys, compounds, oxides, and organic materials. Providing information on the basic principles, this article discusses the theoretical background, types of superconductors, and critical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... that of the yield strength, allowing the alloy to maintain its ductile behavior. The ultimate tensile strengths of the fcc metals have stronger temperature dependence than those of bcc metals. Austenitic stainless steels have fcc structures and are used extensively at cryogenic temperatures because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Alloy,” NASA , Huntsville, AL , 2002 7. Collins D.N. , Cryogenic Treatment of Tool Steels , Adv. Mater. Process. , 1998 8. Meng F. , Tagashira K. , Azuma R. , and Sohma H. , “Role of Eta-Carbide Precipitations in the Wear Resistance Improvements of Fe-12Cr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-12Ni-0.5Ti alloy intended for use at cryogenic temperatures. The series shows the effect on Charpy impact energy at −196 °C (−321 °F), and on fracture-surface characteristics, of the temperature of aging after austenitizing at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 2 h and air cooling.) Fig. 1208 This SEM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... properties at elevated temperatures. In addition, AISI type 300-series stainless steels are the most widely used structural alloys for cryogenic applications, because they exhibit high strength, ductility, and fracture toughness properties as well as low thermal expansion and low magnetic permeability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... 6. McKinnell J. , Lee P.J. , Remsbottom R. , Larbalestier D.C. , O'Larey P.M. , and McDonald W.K. , High Titanium NbTi Alloys—Initial High Critical Current Density Properties , in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering , Vol 34 , Clark A.F. and Reed R.P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
...Abstract Abstract High-potential high-alloy tool steels (HATS) containing martensitic microstructure with undissolved hard phases are achieved by a number of complex heat treating cycles, predominantly tempering. This article focuses on three tempering treatments, namely, salt bath heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... for cryogenic tankage applications. Strain rate, 4 × 10 −4 /s with a 0.5-h hold at temperature Fig. 3 Effect of prior deformation and aging time on the amount of T 1 precipitates in aluminum-lithium alloy 2090 (2.4% Li, 2.4% Cu, 0.18% Zr, bal aluminum). (a) Volume fraction of T 1 . (b) Number...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... welding in this Section details some of the requirements involved during the original construction phase or later in-place repairs of large maritime structures; in addition, reference material is provided to point the reader to other sources of information. Application of materials in cryogenic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... , Cryogenic Properties of VPPA Welded Al-Li Alloys , Proc. 5th Int. Al-Li Conf ., 1989 , p 1491 – 1500 11. Alloy 2195 data sheet , Reynolds Metals Co. , Richmond, VA , 1993 12. Gayle F.W. and Vandersande J.B. , Al 3 (Li,Zr) or α′ Phase in Al-Li-Zr System , Proc. 5th Int. Al-Li...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...–1.5 t 1.5–2.5 t 5 (0.187) 1–2 t 2–3 t 6 (0.250) 1–2 t 2.5–3.5 t 10 (0.375) 2–3 t 3–4 t 13 (0.5) 2–3 t 3–4 t Source: Ref 2 Fig. 1 Notch-yield ratio versus yield strength at a temperature of 4K of alloy 7005 and other aluminum alloys used at cryogenic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... to room temperature, or to subzero temperature, is sometimes applied. (Deep) Cryogenic or subzero treatments, especially of high-alloyed cold-work tool steels, have attracted some attention in recent years. Some published results show promising improvements in wear resistance or toughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... required to create fracture surfaces. In ideally brittle materials such as glass, the energy required for fracture is simply the intrinsic surface energy of the material, as demonstrated by Griffith ( Ref 1 ). For structural alloys at room temperature, considerably more energy is required for fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... engineering methods of analysis. Now the designer will have decided on a class of materials and processes, for example a range of aluminum alloys, wrought and cast. The material properties must be known to a greater level of precision. At the detail or parametric design level, the decision will have...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the recommended temperatures for normalizing and austenitizing, it provides information on mechanism, cooling media, principal variables, process procedures, and applications of heat treating. In addition, the article gives a short note on the cold and cryogenic treatment of steel. age hardening annealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... cryogenic cooling are leading to improved tool performance and overall part quality. The influence of cryogenic nitrogen machining, for example, has notably improved the tool life, surface finish, and residual compressive stresses in the turning of magnesium alloys, NiTi-shape memory alloys, and titanium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article is a comprehensive collection of properties, compositions, and applications of standard grades of titanium and selected titanium alloys. It provides data regarding the common names, Unified Number System numbers, composition limits, typical uses with service...