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crucible furnaces

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the design parameters, operation, characteristics, properties, and advantages of various types of crucible furnaces, such as stationary, tilting, and movable furnaces. It also provides information on the application of the crucible furnaces. crucible...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... foundries. It describes the applications of the aluminum fluxing such as crucible furnaces, transfer ladles, reverberatory furnaces, and holding/casting furnaces. crucible furnaces reverberatory furnaces aluminum fluxing solid fluxes gas fluxes foundry operation cover fluxes drossing fluxes...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., deoxidation, grain refining, and filtration. The article provides a discussion on these melt treatments for group I to III alloys. It describes the three categories of furnaces for melting copper casting alloys: crucible furnaces, open-flame furnaces, and induction furnaces. The article explains the important...
Book Chapter

By G. Keough
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Skull melting refers to the use of furnaces with water-cooled crucibles that freeze a solid “skull” of material on the crucible wall. This article describes the basic components, operating pressure, advantages, and applications of vacuum arc and induction skull melting furnaces...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnaces or transport crucibles, molten-metal transfer pumps, teeming ladles, and dosing and pouring furnaces. degassing pouring furnaces molten-metal treatments fluxing molten-metal filtration launders tundishes holding furnaces transport crucibles molten-metal transfer pumps teeming...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cooling systems for the induction furnaces. Furnace operators can increase the power supply utilization by the use of mechanical skimmers. The article describes the various lining materials used in induction furnaces, namely, silica, alumina, and magnesia. The crucible wall scrapers, ramming mixes, and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnaces (in small pot furnaces, crucibles, and so on). Forced circulation is usually best achieved in large furnaces (2000 to 110,000 kg, or 5000 to 250,000 lb, capacity) by using a submerged discharge molten metal pump. Several types of molten metals pumps have appeared over the years (such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Furnaces are one of the most versatile types of industrial appliances that span many different areas of use. This article discusses the classification of various furnaces used in heat treating based on the mode of operation (batch-type furnaces and continuous-type furnaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., furnace types, charging practices of metal melting methods, namely induction melting, cupola melting, arc melting, crucible melting, reaction melting, and vacuum melting, and the refractories and charging practice of reverberatory furnaces. Molten metal treatment of steels and aluminum also is discussed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... cold hearth melting and plasma cold crucible casting are thought to have the most potential for industrial application. Table 1 lists some typical data on feed materials, operating parameters, and products of furnaces for some of these processes. With plasma furnaces, several companies are producing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract In the handling of molten aluminum, it is fairly common to use filters as a part of the melting unit and in the gating and/or riser system. This article describes the methods of in-furnace and in-mold filtration, with emphasis on the filtration of molten aluminum. It discusses the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., airtight furnace with a supply of molten metal. Figure 4 shows a typical low-pressure wheel casting cell comprised of two low-pressure machines and automated casting extraction robot. Fig. 3 Schematic of low-pressure casting machine with an electric resistance crucible furnace Fig. 4 Low...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., especially with larger castings, to melt and process the molten magnesium alloy and to pour the casting from the same steel crucible. Figure 1 shows the cross-sectional design of a typical fuel-fired stationary crucible furnace of the bale-out type, from which metal for small castings can be hand poured...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ESR furnace contains the ram drive and load cells. It is connected electrically to the crucible stool through, typically, four vertical bus bars located at 90° intervals around the crucible. The ESR head commonly is able to be translated in the horizontal direction by an XY drive, which allows...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... for melting. Large installations generally had a central melting facility, usually gas fired and accommodating a cast iron pot. Hot metal was pumped or siphoned from the furnace into the transport crucible or ladle. The transport ladle was suspended from an overhead conveyor and filled and emptied by...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in-furnace treatment with chemical fluxes. dross melt loss fluxing melt treating methods in-furnace treatment chemical fluxes light alloy melts dross formation furnace fluxing metal transfer economic implication in-plant enhancement DROSS, which is the oxide-rich surface that...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... coil is rammed with grain refractory. The furnace chamber may be a refractory crucible or a rammed and sintered lining. General practice is to use ganister rammed around a steel shell that melts down with the first heat, leaving a sintered lining. Basic linings are often preferred; a rammed lining of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... remains constant, while the material flows from the batch filling region through the furnace to the delivery area. The melt can be contained in a leakproof crucible heated externally or in a basin of refractory blocks heated internally. Pot furnaces use single-piece refractory pots or metal crucibles...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... A VIM furnace is simply a melting crucible inside a steel shell that is connected to a high-speed vacuum system ( Fig. 1 ). The heart of the furnace is the crucible ( Fig. 2 ) with heating and cooling coils and refractory lining. Heating is done by electric current that passes through a set of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... heavy, too expensive, or lack the properties required for the application. These alloys are generally melted in crucible furnaces, reverberatory furnaces, or induction furnaces. Molding techniques are similar to those used for ferrous alloys, but, because most nonferrous alloys melt and solidify at...