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creep-strengthening

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By Sammy Tin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... during creep deformation, and deformation mechanism maps. It discusses the creep-strengthening mechanisms for most structural engineering components. The article provides a description of the microstructural modeling of creep in engineering alloys. References References 1. Kocks U.F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of the operating limit (solid line) for the formation of methane bubbles in 2.25Cr-1Mo steel. Source: Ref 53 Fig. 34 Schematic of changes in creep strengthening contributions at 550 °C (1020 °F) in (a) normalized molybdenum steel and (b) normalized and tempered molybdenum steel. Source: Ref 57...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Abstract Abstract Compared to cold-formed parts, age-formed parts have lower residual stresses and consequently better stress corrosion resistance. This article addresses the technical issues that arise in the investigations of creep in precipitate-strengthened materials. The issues addressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... , Creep of Dispersion Strengthened Materials: A Critical Assessment , Res Mech. , Vol. 31 , 1991 , p 399 – 453 11. Lund R.W. and Nix W.D. , High Temperature Creep of Ni-20Cr-2ThO 2 Single Crystals , Acta Metall. , Vol 24 , 1976 , p 469 – 481 10.1016/0001-6160(76)90068-7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Work Hardening Solid Solution Strengthening Grain Boundary Strengthening Particle Strengthening Multiple Strengthening Mechanisms Strengthening of Steels Tensile Properties Hardness Strain-Rate Sensitivity Creep Fatigue and Corrosion Fracture Properties Impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...-solution hardeners in nickel. At high temperatures, molybdenum and tungsten are more effective than chromium in terms of creep-rupture strength ( Fig. 2 ). Above 0.6 T m (melting temperature), which is the range of high-temperature creep, strengthening is diffusion dependent, and large, slow-diffusing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-alumino-silicate (CMAS) melting temperature in tests conducted in ambient air. Courtesy of U.S. Navy Fig. 21 Comparative relative creep strengths of equiaxed, directionally solidified, and single-crystal alloys. Source: Ref 132 Fig. 20 Polarization curves of 310 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... hardeners in nickel. Above 0.6 T m (melting temperature), which is the range of high-temperature creep, strengthening is diffusion dependent, and large, slow-diffusing elements such as molybdenum and tungsten are the most effective solid-solution hardeners. The PH alloys offer higher levels of creep...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... comparison of creep rupture of conventional nickel-base superalloys. (a) 100 h creep-rupture strength of gamma-prime (γ′) nickel alloys compared to solid-solution and carbide-strengthened alloys. (b) 1000 h creep-rupture strength of some selected nickel superalloys with the typical range for wrought alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Alloys containing these four elements are primarily solid-solution-strengthened. However, alloys strengthened from a dispersed second phase by the addition of carbon exhibit superior creep and high-temperature yield properties. Some of these alloys (e.g., Astar-811C) have creep properties similar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in CMSX-2 alloy. (a) After T 2 heat treatment. (b) After T 1 heat treatment. Source: Ref 29 Fig. 18 Homogeneous deformation in CMSX-2 ( T 2 heat treatment) after 0.16% creep strain at 760 °C (1400 °F). Source: Ref 29 Fig. 19 Inhomogeneous deformation in CMSX-2 ( T 1 heat...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Growth Primary Creep Secondary Creep Tertiary Creep Cavitation Damage Replication Methods for Assessment of Creep Damage Oxide and Nitride Strengthening During creep, significant microstructural changes occur on all levels. On the atomic scale, dislocations are created and forced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... by both precipitates and solute atoms, an extensive treatment of these strengthening mechanisms is beyond the scope of this article. Instead, they will be discussed only as they pertain to fracture, fatigue, and creep. Precipitation hardening of nickel-base superalloys has been exhaustively studied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... and Benn R.C. , Ed., Inco Alloys International , 1983 , p 3 – 18 3. Petkovic-Luton R. , Srolovitz D.J. , and Luton M.J. , Microstructural Aspects of Creep in Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Alloys , Frontiers of High Temperature Alloys II, Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. on Oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Nonclassical Creep Behavior Microstructural Changes during Classical Creep Nondestructive Creep Damage Assessment of Metallic Materials Stress Rupture Stress-Rupture Fracture Characteristics Metallurgical Instabilities Thermal Fatigue and Creep Fatigue Oxide and Nitride Strengthening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... condition or as a result of subsequent heat treatment. Variables such as grain size, chemical composition, and level of restraint have been linked to the sensitivity of materials to base metal fissuring. Applications that require good creep strength and resistance to creep rupture frequently require...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... are more resistant to creep at high temperature than alpha-beta or beta alloys. The substantial solubility of aluminum in titanium strengthens the alpha phase and results in a moderate room-temperature strength, which is maintained at high temperatures. For example, Fig. 16 compares the yield and creep...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , Can. Weld. Fabricat. , Vol 12 , Dec 1980 Alloy 909 Castings Solid-Solution Nickel Alloys Precipitation-Hardenable Nickel Alloys Creep-Resistant Secondary Carbide-Strengthened Alloys Welded with Nickel Alloys Special Welded Product Conditions Alloy 718 Alloy 713C Alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... A. , Kirka M. , and Dehoff R. , Correlation of Microstructure to Creep Response of Hot Isostatically Pressed and Aged Electron Beam Melted Inconel 718 , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 49 ( No. 10 ), 2018 , p 5107 – 5117 10.1007/s11661-018-4812-z 18. Ramakrishnan A. and Dinda...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... alpha: • Higher ductility and formability • Higher threshold stress for hot salt stress corrosion • Higher strength (for equivalent heat treatment) • Better low-cycle fatigue (initiation) properties Acicular and lamellar: • Superior creep properties • Higher fracture toughness...