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creep-fatigue crack growth testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... affected the oxide growth on the exposed fatigue fracture surfaces in air at 427 to 649 °C for alloy 718. Elevated-temperature creep and fatigue tests in air or in an oxygen partial pressure environment of nickel-base superalloys have been shown to increase the crack growth rate ( Ref 17 , 25 , 26...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... one end of the specimen. This method is particularly useful for wire specimens. For specimens of larger cross section, however, lever systems such as those used in creep-testing machines are more practical. The primary advantage of any dead-weight loading device is the constancy of the applied load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... caused by a combination of viscoelasticity and crack growth. Long-term strength and serviceability of plastics have been studied fairly intensively along two branches, initially designated as static fatigue and dynamic fatigue but now more usually referred to as creep rupture and fatigue. The former...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... generally well understood. For example, small-grained microstructures are known to favor room-temperature tensile strength and fatigue crack resistance. Large grains, on the other hand, increase high-temperature creep resistance. As a result, inadequate properties can generally be traced back to inadequate...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... processing conditions between ductile fracture and wedge cracking) vary depending on the required ductility (or fracture strain ε f ). Dash-dot line, wedge cracking; solid line, ductile fracture; dashed line, dynamic recrystallization. Source: Ref 8 The torsion test can also be used to determine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rapid crack growth by ductile or brittle cracking; more progressive (subcritical) forms involve crack growth by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... crack volume and distribution in tertiary creep. The differences in crack initiation and growth during the initial stages of creep can make only relatively small differences in total elongation. Thus, replicate tests can exhibit large differences in total elongation but very small differences in true...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... summarized in Table 1 , which includes concise summaries of contributing factors and the visual and microscopic aspects of each. In general, the growth or propagation of cracks during an overload fracture is more rapid than for the more progressive forms of cracking due to fatigue or creep. Hence, overload...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... candy fracture, cleavage fracture, brittle fracture, high-cycle fatigue fracture, fatigue striations, hydrogen-embrittlement failure, creep crack propagation, fatigue crack nucleation, intergranular creep fracture, torsional overload fracture, stress-corrosion cracking, and grain-boundary damage of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sustained operation. The metal temperature during steady-state operation is approximately 538 °C (1000 °F), which is in the creep regime; therefore, creep-fatigue crack initiation and crack growth are the dominant damage mechanisms. Cracks have been found to occur in casings that have been removed from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... various time- or temperature-dependent mechanisms, such as fatigue, stress-corrosion cracking, liquid metal embrittlement, solid metal embrittlement, hydrogen embrittlement, and creep. In addition, transgranular cracks also can, at some point, follow a grain-boundary path for short distances under certain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fatigue or quench crack from steel stamp mark Crack initiation at hardness test indentations Failures associated with metalworking, welding, and heat treating operations are discussed in more detail in other articles in this Volume. Example 3 also illustrates the effects of manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...) range. The black voids at grain boundaries are typical of creep damage. 3% nital, 500× (J.R. Kattus, Associated Metallurgical Consultants Inc.) Effect of inclusions on fatigue crack propagation (FCP) in ASTM A514F. The conventionally melted electric furnace steel was water quenched from 900 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., University of Pennsylvania) Fig. 1322 Tearing and fibrillation in medium-density polyethylene tested in creep at room temperature. Arrow indicates direction of crack propagation. Fracture stress (σ f ) = 15.5 MPa (2.25 ksi). Applied stress = 0.37 σ f . SEM, 200× (A.S. Moet, Case Western Reserve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the low strain rates found in creep, but is not a frequent occurrence at the faster strain rates in deformation processes unless there are brittle precipitates at the grain boundaries. This is because the probability of wedge cracking varies with the applied strain rate. If the strain rate is so high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... tensile and compressive stresses. Crack propagation tests use a fracture mechanics approach in which the growth of preexisting cracks due to cyclic loading is monitored. A fundamental parameter used to describe a fatigue process in smooth specimens is the stress ratio R , defined as: (Eq 15) R...