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creep rupture

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews the basic equipment and methods for creep and creep rupture testing. It begins with a discussion on the creep properties, including stress and temperature dependence, as well as of the extrapolation techniques that permit estimation of the long-term creep...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... components and multiaxial testing methods. multiaxial stress creep creep rupture tubular component effective stress effective strain elastic stress distribution steady-state creep stress multiaxial creep ductility multiaxial testing thermal stress DESIGN OF PRESSURIZED COMPONENTS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article presents typical problems encountered in the analysis of experimental creep and creep-rupture data and the possible solutions to these drawbacks. It provides information on planning the test and creep strain/time relationships. The exponential creep equation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article discusses the methods for assessing creep-rupture properties, particularly, nonclassical creep behavior. The determination of creep-rupture behavior under the conditions of intended service requires extrapolation and/or interpolation of raw data. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, tension overload, and combinations of these, as modified by environment. This article briefly reviews the applied aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Some of the key material properties at high temperature are thermal expansion coefficient, stress rupture, elastic modulus, fatigue life, and oxidation resistance. Total strain at temperature is given by the sum of elastic stress-strain modulus, thermal expansion strain, and creep strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... components subjected to creep rupture according to TRD 508 Italy ISPESL (1992). Components of steam generators and components of vessels under steam or gas pressure operating in creep condition of materials—calculations and testing The Netherlands TO1o2V (1985-2), Appendix 1. Rules for pressure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... of mechanical property data and of stress-strain curves detailing the effects of mechanical properties on the design and selection of aluminum alloys. The properties include tensile, compressive, shear, bearing, creep and creep-rupture, fatigue, and fracture resistance properties. aluminum alloys bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... 6061 rod Fig. 7 Effect of stretching on compressive yield strength Fig. 15 Creep-time curves for 22 mm (0.875 in.) thick alloy 2024-T851 plate at 150 ° C (300 ° F) in the longitudinal direction Fig. 16 Creep-rupture strengths at various temperatures of 25 mm (1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... alloy divided by time in air for uncoated alloy. Source: Ref 57 Fig. 9 Monkman-Grant relationship between minimum creep rate and time to rupture for a 2 1 4 Cr-1Mo steel. Source: Ref 39 Fig. 17 Stress-rupture behavior of Astroloy. (a) Stress versus time curves. (b...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It illustrates how surface degradation of a plain strain tension specimen alters the ductile brittle transition in polyethylene creep rupture. The article concludes with information on the effects of temperature on polymer performance. creep rupture ductile brittle transition environmental stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract This datasheet provides information on composition limits, key metallurgy, fabrication characteristics, processing effects on physical, tensile, and creep-rupture properties, and applications of Al-Cu-Mg-Ni alloys 2618 and 2618A. The influence of prolonged holding at elevated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Class 10 310 45 241 35 2 Class 11 345 50 255 37 3 These mechanical property values are attainable in favorable casting configurations and must be negotiated with the foundry for the particular configuration desired. (a) Values from specification MIL-A-21180 Creep-rupture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... has been achieved by reducing component geometry, leading to greater stresses in high-temperature materials. Naturally, the importance of reliable creep and stress-rupture testing increases with increasing service stress. Introducing new high-temperature materials that have lower densities is another...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... as indicated in Fig. 4 . This figure shows that decreasing the t / d ratio (to about 0.02) and/or improving the base-metal surface finish (lapping) results in longer tensile creep-rupture times. Time-dependent failure is believed to be a consequence of cavity nucleation and/or growth ( Ref 33...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... interlayers, decreases in the applied stress are associated with increased times-to-rupture, as indicated in Fig. 4 . This figure shows that decreasing the t / d ratio (to about 0.02) and/or improving the base-metal surface finish (lapping) results in longer tensile creep-rupture times. Time-dependent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... creep properties B, Ta Increases rupture strength B (a) Grain-boundary refiners B, C, Zr, Hf Facilitates working … Retard γ′ coarsening Re Carbide formation MC W, Ta, Ti, Mo, Nb, Hf M 7 C 3 Cr M 23 C 6 Cr, Mo, W M 6 C Mo, W, Nb Carbonitrides: M(CN) C, N...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... and Creep Rupture Properties of 12 to 27 Percent Chromium Steels , DS 59, American Society for Testing and Materials , 1980 • Viswanathan R. , Damage Mechanisms and Life Assessment of High-Temperature Components , ASM INTERNATIONAL , 1989 In recent years, the melting and refining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... maximum temperatures in petrochemical operations for continuous service based on creep or ruptured data Material Maximum temperature based on creep rate Maximum temperature based on rupture °C °F °C °F Carbon steel 450 850 540 1000 C-0.5 Mo steel 510 950 595 1100 2 1 4...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... … … … … 1900 275 190 152 44.5 6.46 3240 470 2960 430 2720 395 … … … … … … 2550 370 47 55 47.4 6.87 3170 460 … … … … … … … … … … 3030 440 6 4.7 (a) Calculated from total creep strain or deflection (before rupture and onset of yielding). Source: Ref 32...