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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., sulfide stress-corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, and hitch post shaft failure of these steels. The components considered in the article include tail-rotor drive-pinion shafts, pinion gears, outboard-motor crankshafts, bull gears, diesel engine bearing cap bolts, splined shafts, aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... crankshafts driveshaft fatigue fracture fractograph medium-carbon steel reversed bending tensile fracture Fig. 165 Torsional fatigue fracture in an 86-mm (3 3 8 -in.) diam keyed tapered shaft of 1030 steel, commonly termed a “peeling” type of fracture. A loose nut had reduced the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... arrangement is shown in Fig. 22 . Optical stereomicroscopy of the exemplar crankshaft fatigue fracture surface is shown in Fig. 23 and with high dynamic range in Fig. 24 . Both images illustrate the limited depth of field associated with stereomicroscopic images. Stereomicroscopic photography of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... experimental crankshaft of induction-hardened 80-60-03 ductile iron with a hardness of 197 to 225 HB. Fatigue-crack origin is at arrow A. Porosity at arrow B was unrelated to fracture initiation. 2.5× Fig. 42 Surface of a fatigue-test fracture in an experimental crankshaft of ductile-iron with a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Magnesium Crankcases, transmission housings 1–2 1 2 Malleable iron Farm and construction machinery, heavy-duty bearings, railroad rolling stock 2 2 5 Nickel Gas-turbine blades, pump and valve components for chemical plants 3 3 3 Nodular iron Crankshafts, heavy-duty gears 2 2 5...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... required in subsequent forging in closed dies in either a press or hammer, thus eliminating a fullering or blocking operation. Crankshafts, control arms (see Fig. 1 ), connecting rods, and other automotive parts are typical products that are first roll forged from billets to preform stock, and then finish...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... M4504 … Ferrite and tempered pearlite (f) Compressor crankshafts and hubs M5003 … Ferrite and tempered pearlite (f) For selective hardening: planet carriers, transmission gears, and differential cases M5503 … Tempered martensite For machinability and improved response to induction...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... have resulted from the peeling apart of two metal surfaces that were in intimate contact but not strongly bonded together.) The surface of a seam that resulted in a fatigue fracture of a 1046 (mod) steel crankshaft is shown in Fig. 4 . A lap, a seam, or a cold shut is fairly easy to identify under a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... crankshafts and hubs M5003 Ferrite and tempered pearlite (a) For selective hardening: planet carriers, transmission gears, and differential cases M5503 Tempered martensite For machinability and improved response to induction hardening M7002 Tempered martensite For high-strength parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... aircraft) have planned overhaul schedules at which critical parts are magnetic-particle inspected for cracks. Planned inspection programs are also used in keeping plant equipment in operation without breakdowns during service. Because of sudden and severe stress applications, punch-press crankshafts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... rolls ASTM A 536 60-40-18 … 414 60 276 40 18 Pressure-containing parts such as valve and pump bodies 65-45-12 … 448 65 310 45 12 Machine components subject to shock and fatigue loads 80-55-06 … 552 80 379 55 6 Crankshafts, gears, and rollers 100-70-03 … 689 100 483...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... machines to increase mold hardness (density). Fast-drying core oils are introduced. The pneumatic scrubber is developed to reclaim clay-bonded sands. Several wet reclamation systems also are in operation. 1951—Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Mich., converts 100% of its crankshaft production to ductile iron...
Book Chapter

By George B. Rynne
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... viscose industry. Electroplated lead has been used for corrosion protection of electrical fuse boxes installed in industrial plants or where sulfur-bearing atmospheres are present. Lead is also codeposited with tin for wire plating, automotive crankshaft bearings, and printed circuits. Nonporous lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...-quality forgings are used, correct normalizing is performed prior to machining, good machining practices are followed with sharp cutting tools, etc.). An extension of press quenching is the roller-quenching method used for controlling distortion in long cylindrical parts, shafts, or crankshafts up to 1020...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... with O-ring grooves. (c) crankshaft Shell molding is used for making production quantities of castings that range in weight from a few ounces to approximately 180 kg (400 lb) apiece, in both ferrous and nonferrous metals. Castings weighing at least 455 kg (1000 lb) apiece have been made in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... presses ( Table 2 ). Rotary motion of the motor shaft on a mechanical press is converted into reciprocating motion of the slides by a crankshaft, eccentric shaft, eccentric-gear drive, knuckle lever drive, rocker arm drive, or toggle mechanism, each of which is discussed below and illustrated in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compressor blades and diesel engine crankshafts. The screw press uses a friction, gear, electric, or hydraulic drive to accelerate the flywheel and the screw assembly, and it converts the angular kinetic energy into the linear energy of the slide or ram. Figure 21 shows two basic designs of screw presses...