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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, brittle fracture, and in-service rotary bending fatigue fracture of fractured roof-truss angles, pressure-vessel shells, automotive axle shafts, broken keyed spindles, crane gears, blooming-mill spindles, automotive bolts, and crane wheels of these steels. axle shafts brittle fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms and common causes of failure of metal components in lifting equipment in the following three categories: cranes and bridges, particularly those for outdoor and other low-temperature service; attachments used for direct lifting, such as hooks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... are vulnerable to fatigue failures. A safety requirement in many plants is the inspection of crane hooks; fatigue cracks develop on the work-hardened inside surfaces of crane hooks where concentrated lifting loads are applied. The blading, shaft, and case of steam turbines are examined for incipient failure...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of a ladle is controlled by a stopper rod or, more commonly, a slide gate nozzle. Lip pouring from the ladle is controlled by the skill of the crane operator. Fig. 1 Method for top pouring, or direct teeming, of steel ingots. Source: Ref 1 The pouring rate is quite fast in top pouring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... temperature difference achievable between these two tanks to about −12 °C (10 °F). A steam-heated, forced-air drier was placed at the factory-floor level adjacent to the tanks and within reach of the overhead crane. A drying cart was used to allow the parts basket to be side loaded into the dryer after...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... OA Case depth to 50 HRC Temperature mm in. mm in. kg lb mm in. °C °F Mine-loader bevel gear 102 4.0 76 3.0 1.4 3.1 2317 0.6 0.024 925 1700 Flying-shear timing gear 216 8.5 92 3.6 23.6 52.0 2317 0.9 0.036 900 1650 Crane-cable drum 603 23.7 2565 101.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...,” presented at Microelectronic and Processing Engineers Conference ( Sunnyvale, CA ), 13 Feb 1985 3. Crane J. , Breedis J.F. , and Fritzche R.M. , Lead Frame Materials , Electronic Materials Handbook , Vol 1 , Packaging , ASM International , 1989 , p 483 – 492 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... spraying, handling of gas cylinders, the use of cranes during lifting of parts to be sprayed, chemical cleaning, grit blasting, working in confined spaces, handling hazardous materials, working with robotic equipment, and so on. For an RA to be practical and useful, the identified risks listed in step...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
....) Fig. 257 Surface of a fatigue fracture that occurred, after approximately 1 year of service, in an AISI 1055 steel wheel of a 545-Mg (600-ton) stripper crane. Visible in the center of the fracture is a fatigue zone showing beach marks that are concentric around the fatigue-crack origin, which...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...) are handled by large mobile manipulators, by manipulators on tracks, or by porter bars in conjunction with overhead cranes. Ingots that are forged into bars or billets are usually handled by a balancing porter bar and an overhead crane. Stock for smaller open-die forgings is usually prepared...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... keyways are present, but the forensic analysis provided the contributing evidence that the fatigue cracks actually propagated towards the keyway rather than initiating from it. A drive shaft used to assist in driving an overhead crane for the movement of medium to heavy weight components inside...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Extruded profiles The alloy is used in machined components and in load-bearing structures such as cargo containers. Typical applications are highly loaded construction parts, such as in rail transport, aircraft storage containers, pontoon bridges, and mobile cranes containers. With excellent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... reduction is most critical. This alloy is the highest-magnesium structural plate alloy in regular production in the United States. Applications include high-strength welded structures, armor, pressure vessels, storage tanks, and marine applications such as gun-mount deck housings, overhead cranes, ship...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of the oscillating casting machine. It is common for multiple molds to be mounted in the casting table; this allows for very high production rates. Fig. 2 Vertical semicontinuous casting plant. (a) Layout without discharge device. (b) Slab discharging by overhead crane. Courtesy of Demag Technica GmbH of SMS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003989
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... chargers, except that they are suspended from a rail system, similar to that of an overhead crane. This design is also capable of transferring material very quickly. This type of charger can also reach areas of the shop floor that are inaccessible to floor chargers due to obstacles on the shop floor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... and with a titanium tubular insert (top left and middle), helix (top right), stents (bottom left and middle), and square latticed hollow cylinders (bottom right). Scale bar: 2 mm. (c) Optical image of printed origami TiH 2 crane. (d) Optical image of a TiO 2 crane produced by annealing a printed origami TiH 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of the treatment ( Ref 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 ). For handling batch loads of material to be heated, quenched, and tempered, quench tanks and cranes should be located in such a way that little time is lost in moving the material from the furnace into the quenching medium. In heat treating furnaces, many furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
..., such as in mines and amusement park rides, in sizes from 6.8 to 39 kg (15 to 85 lb). Light rails are covered by specifications of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Crane rails generally have heavier heads and webs than those of railroad rails in order to withstand the heavy loads imposed on them...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... D.A. , Fatigue Cracking in Welded Crane Runway Girders: Causes and Repair Procedures , Iron and Steel Engineer , Vol 5 , April 1978 , p 52 – 56 25. Lipson C. and Juvinall R.C. , Handbook of Stress and Strength , McMillan , New York , 1963 26. Peterson R.E...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The crushed and cleaned block material is mostly cast iron and can be sold as feedstock to casting furnaces. A crane-mounted electromagnet lifts stock into a chamber, and a plunger crushes the material. When the chamber is full of crushed material, metal bands are bound around the completed bale...