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crack growth rate

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract Understanding fatigue crack growth is critical for the safe operation of many structural components. This article reviews the standard fracture mechanics and methods to determine the crack growth rate for a material and loading condition experimentally. It also addresses the two most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., deposition rate, gaseous contamination, and concurrent energetic particle bombardment (flux, particle mass, energy) Details of film growth on the substrate surface —e.g., substrate temperature, nucleation, interface formation, interfacial flaw generation, energy input to the growing film, surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... of local hydrostatic stress may arise from plastic constraint and lead to rapid dilatation of interfacial defects, followed by a slower growth rate due to reduced constraint as the voids expand further. In the remainder of this article, this broad understanding is elaborated. In early...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the overall growth process and the kinetics that define the rates at which the various processes occur. The article provides information on the reactor systems and hardware, MOCVD starting materials, engineering considerations that optimize growth, and the growth parameters for a variety of Group III...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Engineered components fail predominantly in four major ways: fracture, corrosion, wear, and undesirable deformation (i.e., distortion). Typical fracture mechanisms feature rapid crack growth by ductile or brittle cracking; more progressive (subcritical) forms involve crack growth by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... a toughness test in air; the rate of crack growth was in the range of rapid, unstable fracture. Dimples in an extremely wide variety of sizes and channels formed by linear coalescence of voids are evident. See Fig. 330 , 331 , 332 , 333 , 334 , and 335 for the fracture behavior of this...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... further in terms of crack nucleation, crack growth rates, and threshold stress-intensity measurements. In order to determine the susceptibility of alloys to SCC, several types of testing are available. If the objective of testing is to predict the service behavior or to screen alloys for service in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-corrosion susceptibility and crack growth rate of austenitic stainless steel can be described by the degree of sensitization (DOS), as measured by corrosion tests such as the Strauss or electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation tests. Quantitative comparisons between susceptibility, as measured by the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000623
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... titanium alloys Fatigue crack growth fracture topography in a Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo-0.1Si (Ti-6242, UNS R54620) forging, α + β processed prior to β heat treatment and aging. Compact tension specimen tested in air at 25 °C (75 °F). As crack growth rate ( da / dN ) and stress-intensity factor (Δ K...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... relationship of the recovery process to the recrystallization, grain-growth process, and the effects of time and temperature on stress relief. It describes the factors that influence the rate of recrystallization and the conditions required for neocrystallization to occur. The article explains the mechanism of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... conditions of reasonably constant cyclic loading frequency and advancing within the nominal range of 10 −5 to 10 −3 mm/cycle, [1] the crack growth rate, da/dN , can be expressed as a function of the stress intensity factor K ( Ref 15 , 31 , 32 ): (Eq 1) d a d N = C ( Δ K ) m...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... corrosion process in concrete, which tends to create conditions that increase the rate of attack. The focus is on the stress-corrosion cracking of steels; an environmentally induced crack propagation that results from the combined interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions. The article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., leaving pores isolated in the grain interior. At the temperatures typical of sintering, most materials exhibit moderate to high grain growth rates. Any differences in initial grain sizes generate forces on the grain boundaries that cause grain growth. As the temperature is increased, the rate of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... ). The deterministic phase-field kinetic Eq 6 and 12 cover both growth and coarsening, with the driving force being the functional variation of the total free energy and the kinetic rate in proportion to the driving force. These equations can be reduced to sharp-interface equations of domain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion at the crack tip is such that a small radius of curvature (sharp crack tip) is maintained at the crack tip, the crack will continue to propagate, because the local stress at the crack tip is high. High rates of corrosion at the crack tip, which lead to a large radius of curvature (blunt), will...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the factors that determine the extent of deformation a metal can withstand before cracking or fracture occurs. It informs that workability depends on the local conditions of stress, strain, strain rate, and temperature in combination with material factors. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , represents the intensification of stress at the tip of a crack of a known size and shape. For more information, refer to the appropriate sections of Fatigue and Fracture , Volume 19 of the ASM Handbook , 1996.) Stage 1 involves a rapidly increasing crack-growth rate once the crack tip stress-intensity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... initiation and propagation components, that is, N T = N i + N p , with the latter based on fracture mechanics correlations for crack growth, for example, da/dN = f (Δ K, K max ). The cyclic crack growth rate is a function of of the stress-intensity range and maximum stress intensity. The crack size...