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cost allocation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... processes, induction processes, aluminum processes, high-heat processes, and secondary processes. For the purpose of calculating the heat treatment processing cost per hour and the selling price for a piece of equipment, the costs are separated into direct costs, allocated costs, capitalized cost, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... discusses the concept of life-cycle analysis (LCA), a quantitative accounting of the environmental and economic costs of using a given material and the energy required to make, distribute, operate, and eventually dispose of the host product and its constituent materials. An important but often overlooked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... sites that immediately adjom its subdomain and are actually owned by neighboring processors. The important point is that the processors are all synchronized to update the same flavor of lattice site. This algorithm is highly parallel, with the only communication cost being the local exchanges of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... habitat. In principle, there is continuous access to microgravity environments aboard the ISS. Safety and cost concerns with NASA's aging Shuttle fleet, however, now limit the ISS crew size to 120-day rotations or increments ( Ref 1 ), each consisting of three astronauts, who remain busy mainly with...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... relatively low labor cost. The cost of dies for pultruded shapes is also low compared to other composite processes. There are several markets in which pultruded profiles have made a significant penetration that is not tied to just price competitiveness. Pultruded products are successful because they...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... for a large number of metallic alloys and is commonly referred to as thermomechanical processing (TMP) ( Ref 3 ). It is usually the most cost-effective method and is thus used for materials applications in the aerospace market, energy production, chemical industry, oil and gas extraction and refining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... the preferred number ranges and letters allocated by the CEN numbering system to the different copper alloy groups is shown in Table 2 . Comparable CEN and UNS alloy designations are given in subsequent sections of this article for each of the general types of copper alloys (pure copper, high-copper...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., CL 75.0–77.0 (g) (h) 2.0–3.0 5.5–7.0 13.0–17.0 1.0 (i) 0.40 0.25 Sb, 0.08 S, 0.02 P (j) , 0.005 Al, 0.005 Si Copper-zinc and copper-zinc-lead alloys (yellow and leaded yellow brasses): Low-cost, low-to-moderate strength, general-purpose casting alloys with good machinability, adequate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... be radiographed, as can nonmetallic materials and composites. Compared with other nondestructive methods of inspection, radiography is expensive. Relatively large capital costs and space allocations are required for a radiographic laboratory or a real-time inspection station. Conversely, when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... tailoring heat treatment schedules, it also is true that production costs can be adversely affected by this kind of situation. In particular, with cast alloy precipitation heat treatment temperatures ranging from approximately 870 to 980 °C (1600 to 1800 °F) and times from approximately 4 to 32 h...