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corrosion prevention

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... In practice, the various natural forms of inhibition that prevent access of oxygen to a metal surface reduce the corrosion rate and often stifle corrosion completely. In one instance, the effects of such parameters of the deep-sea environment as oxygen concentration, salinity, temperature, and pH...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion in the United States and the preventive strategies for optimal corrosion management ( Ref 1 ). The total direct cost of corrosion is estimated at [dollar]276 billion per year, which is 3.1% of the 1998 U.S. gross domestic product. This report is summarized in the article “Direct Costs of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... stainless steel layer, the corrosion barrier mechanism prevents perforation. Localized corrosion of the stainless steel is prevented; the stainless steel is protected galvanically by the sacrificial corrosion of the steel in the metal laminate. Therefore, only a thin pore-free layer is required. This...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... quality-control checks, such as thickness measurements and holiday tests. An alternative is to use a welded internal coupling that becomes an integral part of the pipeline ( Ref 61 ). The coupling is precoated and uses O-ring seals to prevent corrosive materials from reaching the uncoated weld area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... protection needed at corrosion sites. A corrosion cell is like a battery, which has a cathode (−), an anode (+), and an electrolyte (liquid in cells). By coating the corrosion sites (anodes and cathodes) on a surface, rust-preventive compounds prevent contact with electrolytes, such as oxygen and moisture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., serviceability, and aesthetics. For the same chemical analysis and heat treatment, corrosion resistance is not generally dependent on whether the steel is cast or is subject to further forging or rolling. Methods that are used to prevent or control the rusting of ferrous materials that are detailed in this...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... controlled elements and major impurities are tabulated. The article discusses in-process problems and procedures with beryllium and aluminum-beryllium composites to prevent corrosion during processing, handling, and storage. It also describes the types of coatings used on beryllium and aluminum-beryllium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... compatibility by forming continuous passive films that prevent or significantly limit the corrosion rates encountered in the physiological environment. One mechanism of biocompatibility failure is the occurrence of conditions that damage the passive film or prevent its formation. Changes in environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... situation that created residual tensile stresses, which ultimately led to failure by SCC after 15 months in vivo. Cyclic loading was involved only in that it may have prevented repassivation (and actually could have lowered the stresses causing stress-corrosion crack growth). In this case, a mixed-mode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... spray zinc coating deposition CORROSION PREVENTION by the application of thermal spray coatings has a history dating back to the 1940s. When applied to large infrastructures such as bridges, highway rail, and light and sign supports, their use requires a relatively high initial application cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... power generation, materials protection, personally owned automobiles, and government operations) was projected as $122 billion USD ( Ref 10 ). Of this, $16.9 billion (14%) could be avoided by using the available corrosion prevention and control methods. This was equivalent to an energy savings of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... completely removed, may continue to react with the oxide layer. Thus, the base metal is continuously exposed to the atmosphere and the flux, resulting in severe local corrosion attack over time. Prevention of this type of attack includes the use of proper solvents to remove the flux, and rinsing the joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... analysis of fuel ash deposits on boiler and superheater tubes. Corrosion of the ductwork is a low-temperature attack that results mainly from acid condensation. Prevention of this corrosion depends primarily on maintaining flue gas temperatures and metal surface temperatures above acid dewpoints. In the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... partially protective oxide theory, the monovalent magnesium ion theory, the particle undermining model, and the magnesium hydride model ( Ref 1 ). Understanding the actual mechanism may lead to corrosion prevention methods in new magnesium alloys. Galvanic corrosion plagues magnesium alloys. The origin of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... does not address architecturally and aesthetically focused use of protective coatings. Rather, the protective coatings described herein pertain to the prevention of corrosive damage found throughout municipal wastewater systems. Thirdly, the generic, organic coating types discussed in this article were...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electromotive force (emf) for corrosion now comes from an external source, the dissimilar metal coupled to magnesium. Prevention of galvanic damage thus requires consideration of a combination of measures involving: Design to prevent access and entrapment of salt water at the dissimilar-metal junction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials , Volume 2, ASM Handbook , 1990). An addition of as little as 3% Sn in lead appears to prevent corrosion from the development of oil acidity ( Ref 54 ). In some instances of marine use, the formation of a hard, crusty oxidation product has been observed on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... covered region. The oxygen-depleted region is anodic relative to the well-aerated boldly exposed surface, and a higher level of alloy content in the stainless steel is required to prevent corrosion. With appropriate grade selection, stainless steel will perform for very long times with minimal corrosion...