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corrosion in water

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in these municipal water systems. The most commonplace corrosion-damage mechanisms are highlighted. The article describes the most common materials of construction found in municipal water systems, namely, cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, precast concrete cylinder pipe and reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, filiform corrosion, and corrosion in water and soils. It discusses the effects of composition, microstructure, stress-intensity factor, and nonmetallic building materials on the corrosion behavior of aluminum and its alloys. The article also describes the corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... cement mortar or epoxy coating to prevent water-side corrosion. The PVC sewerage mains are corrosion resistant both internally and externally; therefore, no liquid-applied coatings are required. The same is true of vitrified clay pipe, which was used in the past for sewer piping as well. Interceptor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article describes some of the mechanical/ electrochemical phenomena related to the in vivo degradation of metals used for biomedical applications. It discusses the properties and failure of these materials as they relate to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and corrosion fatigue (CF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in neutral waters, concrete, or soils. The isolation of metals from the corrosive environment is the most commonly applied technique for the protection of carbon steels. Isolation methods include painting, coating, and lining. Surveys have revealed that most of the cost for the protection of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... down-hole or water pipe, corrosion barrier for reinforcement and other structural steel, dual-layer FBE pipe to provide a high-friction surface or improve damage resistance, and the primary corrosion part of three-layer polyolefin systems. Courtesy of J.A. Kehr There are a number of performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract The rate and form of corrosion that occur in a particular situation depend on many complex variables. This article discusses the rate of corrosion of lead in natural and domestic water depending on the degree of water hardness caused by calcium and magnesium salts. Lead exhibits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the last several years. Other applications include corrosion control of subsea production system flow pipes and land-based flowlines with thermal insulation. In June 1984, the Hutton tension leg platform was installed in water 146 m (480 ft) deep in the North Sea. The tethers, risers, and flare boom...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... galvanic interactions between uranium, its alloys, and other metals. The article provides information on the atmospheric corrosion of uranium based on oxidation in dry air or oxygen, water vapor, and oxygen-water vapor mixtures depending upon particular storage conditions. The mechanism and morphology of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... coatings immersed in various types of waters, in different solutions in the neutral pH range, and in soils at different geographic locations in the United States. It concludes with information on the forms of corrosion encountered in zinc coatings, including galvanic corrosion, pitting corrosion, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... into water or rolled into a thin sheet between water-cooled rolls. When quenched in water, the frit is dried before use. When quenched in sheet form by water-cooled rolls, the sheet ordinarily is shattered into small flakes by mechanical means before use or shipment. Because porcelain enamels are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... low pH, stray currents, reactive chemicals, low resistivity, and bacterial action; however, oxygen and water are considered to be the key factors necessary for corrosion. Soil is a heterogeneous, porous material that ranges in character from soft spongy peats through soft clays, loams, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... hafnium in specific media, namely, water, steam, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, alkalis, organics, molten metals, and gases. Forms of corrosion, namely, galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, and pitting corrosion are included. The article explains the corrosion of hafnium alloys such as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the corrosion resistance of aluminum and aluminum alloys in various environments, such as in natural atmospheres, fresh waters, seawater, and soils, and when exposed to chemicals and their solutions and foods. It describes the forms of corrosion of aluminum and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Corrosion is often thought of as rusting, the process of deterioration undergone by a metal when it is exposed to air or water. This article provides the fundamentals of joints corrosion and primarily addresses the various forms of corrosion observed in brazed and soldered joints and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...: moisture in the air. Corrosion of pure beryllium or aluminum-beryllium composites can and does occur in air if moisture condenses on the metal surface. This type of corrosion is essentially a subset of aqueous corrosion. One study demonstrated the noncorroding nature of pure water vapor when the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...; corrosion in atmosphere, water, and chemical environments; and the applications of stainless steels in various industries are also discussed. austenitic stainless steel corrosion corrosion protection corrosion testing crevice corrosion erosion-corrosion ferritic stainless steel galvanic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... zirconium technology in production, zirconium/hafnium separation, property information, fabrication, and applications. Crystal bar zirconium or zirconium produced from sponge was not ideal because of its inconsistent corrosion and oxidation resistance in high-temperature water and steam. This abnormal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... epoxy coatings applied to metal surfaces in containment is to prevent the corrosion of steel and electrolytic interaction between dissimilar metals. In performing these roles, they must also withstand a DBA event. Suppression chambers (wetwells) are large coated steel reservoirs that contain water to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to copper, but soldered joints in copper pipes are widely used without trouble in conventional commercial and domestic cold- and hot-water systems. Despite this generally good corrosion resistance, it has been demonstrated that, under adverse conditions, lead may be leached from the commonly used...